Features of planting and care of strawberries Polka
Strawberry varieties Polka is very popular among gardeners. Its berries have a pleasant taste, reminiscent of caramel, and due to the elastic flesh, it is well transported and stored for a long time. The plant is not picky when planting and care, as it has sufficient frost resistance and drought tolerance.
Description and characteristics of strawberry varieties Polka
Variety Polka was created by Dutch breeders in 1977. The average height of the bushes of this variety is 12-14 cm. The plant is well leafy and powerful, with a small number of antennae. The stem is high enough, and the leaves are large, dark green with a sheen and have a triple shape. Peduncles are high and hold massive berries.
Did you know? There is white strawberry, which is a red berry hybrid crossed with pineapple.
Strawberries of the Polka variety are characterized by a glossy sheen with an average weight of 45-60 g. The shape of the fruit is in the form of a cone, and the flesh is very juicy, pink in color and without voids.
The plant withstands minor frosts well and is therefore suitable for growing in regions with a mild climate in the form of an undisclosed crop.
- The main features of the Polka variety can be distinguished:
- stable and good yields with proper care;
- the transportability of the fruit, due to the elasticity of the berry;
- sweet caramel flavor;
- excellent appearance of the berry due to the glossy finish;
- immunity to many infections.
Flowering and ripening period
The first crop of berries can be obtained in mid-June, with active fruiting lasting 4-5 weeks. All this time, new flowers form on the plant. However, often late fruits have significantly smaller sizes and unattractive appearance, which is associated with insufficient moisture.
Pollinators and productivity
During the season, an average of 50 berries ripen on the bush, which amounts to 2 kg per plant. Such indicators have a 2-3-year-old culture, because it is recommended that the berry is transplanted every 3 years. Harvest varieties of Polka depends on the climate because the hotter it is, the more fruits can be obtained.
Important! Strawberries of the Polka variety can be grown in a greenhouse, and the plant is pollinated artificially.
Natural pollinators of strawberries are bumblebees and bees.that fly from bush to bush and carry pollen on themselves. There is also pollination by the wind. The plant has heterosexual flowers on a bush, therefore it is self-pollinating.
Due to their high elasticity and density, the berries are distinguished by good transportability. At the same time, the berries have an attractive presentation and are very juicy, which is why strawberries of the Polka variety are often grown for industrial purposes.
Frost and drought resistance
Strawberries do not suffer from frost and sudden changes in temperature, so it is suitable for growing without shelter. However, in cold climatic conditions, it is recommended to shelter the plant for the winter. To do this, you can use spruce, sawdust or special material. To get an earlier harvest for the winter, film tunnels are being built.
The berry is picky enough to lack moisture, therefore, to obtain a large crop of strawberries, it is recommended to water regularly. For this, it is advisable to use drip irrigation.
How to Plant Strawberry Polka
A plant transplant is best done in the fall. This will allow strawberries to adapt to a new place and quickly begin to bear fruit. Before planting, you need to prepare a bed and remove all weeds. The landing site should be well lit and not have shady areas.
Choosing a seedling for planting
Best of all, the plant is propagated by young rooted rosettes with a sufficiently developed root system. A feature of the Polka variety is a short antennae and a small number of young shoots.
To obtain the maximum yield, mineral substances of about 50 g per 1 m², humus and manure can be added to the soil at a rate of 6-7 kg per m². To protect against diseases, it is necessary to conduct soil treatment against pathogenic microflora before planting.
Important! Strawberry propagation can be carried out not only by rosettes, but also by seeds.
Pits for planting bushes should correspond to the size of the root system seedlings, and before planting, they fill in 400-500 g of water, which will enable the plant to take root. After placing the young outlet in the pit, you need to fill it up and tamp a little.
Timing and landing scheme
There are two planting schemes for polka strawberries:
- Single line. The planted plant in two rows, the distance between which is 60–80 cm, and the distance between the bushes should be 15–20 cm.
- Two-line. Planting occurs in 4 rows. The distance between the first, second and bushes in one row is 20–40 cm, and between 60–80 cm between the third and fourth rows.
Planting is best done in late August or early September. Sometimes strawberries are transplanted in the spring, but such bushes give low yields.
Variety Polka unpretentious when grown and does not require special care. It is important that the bush receives sufficient moisture and sunlight. To prevent freezing of strawberry bushes will help their proper shelter. However, sawdust can become a wintering place for rodents, so it is better to replace them with branches of raspberries and spruce, which at the expense of needles scare away mice.
Fertilizers and watering
For the plant, timely and sufficient moisture is important, therefore it is recommended to water strawberries every 2 weeks. During flowering and harvesting, the frequency is increased and the plant is irrigated every other day. It is important to water the plants early in the morning or late in the evening. This will protect the bushes from excessive evaporation of moisture from the soil. Fertilizer must be applied 4 times a year. The first time in early spring, twice during the summer period and the last time when preparing the bush for winter.
Weeding and cultivation
Loosening of the soil in places of growth of the Polka variety is recommended to be carried out regularly. This will provide air to the roots and will contribute to maximum yields. The shelf is recommended to be carried out regularly after watering, since a crust forms on the ground, which prevents the plant from breathing. It is also important to eliminate weeds in a timely manner, as they can be a source of the spread of diseases and pests.
Preparing for the winter strawberries Polka
It is better to prepare the plant for cold weather in late autumn. Spraying the earth will help protect the root system of the strawberry bush from frost. It is important that the root neck does not protrude from the ground. To protect against frost, it is better to cover strawberries, especially if winters are not snowy. To do this, use spruce spruce branches or dry raspberry branches. Such a shelter will provide sufficient air permeability, and the needles will protect against rodents.
Pest and Disease Control
Variety Polka is resistant to a large number of infectious diseases of plants. Most often, the defeat of this bush is associated with fungus verticillosis, which sucks the juices from the root system of the plant, causing it to wither.
Plantings from this disease can be protected by using preliminary preplant planting of the root system with special fungicidal preparations. If the fungus has already affected several plants, then they must be eliminated from the beds, preventing contact with healthy bushes.
Did you know? The first documented mention of strawberries dates back to 230 BC. e., then this berry began to be planted in Italy.
Harvesting and storage
It is better to collect strawberries before real maturity, which will allow the berries to retain an attractive appearance for longer. Strawberry variety Polka has excellent storage because it has a dense pulp. At room temperature, ripe strawberries retain their appearance for no more than a day, so the crop should be collected in wooden boxes and placed at a temperature of 0 to + 2 ° C. Contact of berries with water shortens their shelf life, therefore, they must be washed immediately before use.
Strawberry varieties Polka - not a finicky plant. With sufficient sunlight and moisture, it is able to produce large yields. At the same time, the berries have an attractive appearance and are stored for a long enough time. Thanks to these qualities, the Polka variety is often grown for sale.