Features of planting and care of strawberries Elizabeth
Many gardeners grow strawberries of the Elizabeth variety in their beds. Its characteristic difference is large fruits and a long fruiting period. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the description of the variety, the characteristics of its planting, the nuances of subsequent care, as well as harvesting and storage.
Description and characteristics of the variety
It is believed that the Queen Elizabeth variety strawberries were grown in their nursery by the famous English breeder Ken Muir. For over 20 years, people have enjoyed the juicy taste of this royal berry. Its weight reaches 85–90 g. It has a honey sweet taste and soft structure. The fruit ripens early. In the process of selection in 2001, the variety Elizabeth 2 was invented. The creator was the Russian gardener scientist M. Kachalkin.
Did you know? The first botanical name for strawberries was fragaria ("fragrant"). The description of the berry was carried out in 1553 by Jerome Bock (the priest who looked after the botanical garden in German Zweibrucken).
- less large;
- dependent on sunlight - daylight strawberries;
- its bushes and leaves are larger;
- shoots of light green color;
- peduncles of the same height, erect;
- greater emission of side mustache.
- less dependent on the sun - the berry of a neutral day;
- bears fruit more abundantly than Elizabeth 1;
- shoots of dark green color;
- peduncles low, lowered to the ground.
The main characteristics of both varieties:
- Repairing variety - flowering several times during one vegetation cycle;
- high productivity;
- sweet pulp with a fragrant odor;
- the shape of the fruit is slightly conical;
- the skin is dense, red;
- the berry is quite large, at least 50 g;
- high taste;
- good transportability.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The advantages of the Elizabeth strawberry variety are:
- high level of productivity;
- multiple fruiting;
- product appeal over a long period;
- during transportation there are no visible damage to the berries;
- excellent taste;
- resistance to pests, frosts and diseases;
- minimum cost of planting material;
- long storage.
Did you know? The largest strawberry in the world was grown by a Japanese farmer Koji Nakao in 2015. Its weight reached 250 g, and its length and height were 12 and 8 cm respectively.
- The disadvantages are:
- reduced productivity due to under-pollination;
- bushes do not tolerate dry weather; they hardly grow or bear fruit in the heat;
- rainy weather also affects the density of the fetus and taste;
- it is advisable to renew the bushes every 2 years so that the berries remain large;
- for successful fruiting, it is recommended to fertilize the soil in a timely manner.
Strawberry crop growing on open ground is pollinated by wind and insects. If it grows in a greenhouse or greenhouse, then during flowering it is necessary to take care of artificial pollination. Gardeners carry out this procedure on their own.
Methods of such pollination:
- By fan. It provides pollen transfer to the flowers evenly.
- With a soft brush. They transfer pollen from one flower to another.
The culture begins to bear fruit from the end of May, has fruits of both large and medium size. From the second half of July to the end of August, gardeners harvest the second crop.A small crop can be obtained in the fall, if the weather is warm, right up to the first frost. Up to 2 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush. This indicator indicates a high crop yield.
The landing procedure has a number of its features. To get a quality crop, you need to choose the best seedlings and prepare a suitable place. In addition, you must familiarize yourself with the landing technology, which is described below.
Did you know? There is a strawberry museum in Belgium. In addition to a museum tour, a variety of strawberry products can be purchased here.
Choosing the best seedlings
Seedlings should be bought in the fall, so the plant will be able to survive the winter and give good fruits next year.
When choosing seedlings, you need to pay attention to the following nuances:
- in good seedlings, the leaves are shiny, saturated green hue;
- a sufficient degree of development of the root system, the length of the roots should be at least 7 cm;
- if the leaves are wrinkled and not fully developed, then this indicates infection with a strawberry mite - it is better not to acquire such a seedling.
Choosing a favorable place
Strawberries of this variety should not be planted under the crown of trees, in a shaded place and on the north side of the garden. The best place would be an open sunny area.
Important! On 1 m² strawberry beds usually use 7–8 kg of humus.
Strawberry Elizabeth can be grown both in open and in closed ground in any region of the country. For planting seedlings, you can choose any time from spring to autumnHowever, the optimal period is from the second decade of July to the first decade of August. Young bushes are located at a distance of 20–25 cm from each other. The row spacing ranges from 65 to 70 cm.
Growing garden strawberries, as a rule, does not cause much trouble, however, to get a good harvest It is recommended to carry out regular watering, to feed plants on time, and also to prepare beds for the winter period. All of these processes are described in more detail below.
The soil on the beds should always be slightly moist. In dry weather, the plant needs to be watered 2-3 times a week. To preserve moisture, it is best to mulch the soil with needles or straw. This manipulation will also eliminate the need to constantly loosen the soil in the beds.
Abundant fruiting leads to excessive depletion of the plant, therefore, once every 2 weeks, strawberries should be fed with fertilizers. The first dressing of plants is carried out 7 days after planting in the ground.
Important! For this, it is best to use a solution based on bird droppings (in a proportion of 1:15) or mullein (in a proportion of 1:10).
It is imperative to prepare strawberry plantations for the winter period. To do this, remove all unripe fruits and obsolete foliage from the bush. On each plant you need to leave 2-3 young leaves.To strawberry survived the harsh winters and not die, it should be abundantly watered in late autumn.Moist soil does not crack, cold air does not penetrate the soil, so the root system of the plant does not freeze.
Possible growing difficulties
Strawberry variety Elizabeth is resistant to attacks by many pests except weevils. To combat these insects, you should sprinkle the leaves of the plant with tobacco. To scare away slugs who like dampness, it is necessary to sprinkle the soil around the plant with wood ash or lime.
Berries are resistant to many diseases that are typical for strawberries. However, if rainy weather is observed during the growth period of the plant, then plantings should be treated with Fitosporin biofungicide or Integral, to avoid the appearance of gray rot on the fruits.
Harvesting and storage
Variety Elizabeth is a repairing early ripe strawberry, that is, bears fruit several times a season. The first berries can be harvested in May, and the last harvest, with proper care, in October. Peak fruiting occurs in July-August.
Important! Torn berries can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 7 days, while all their taste qualities are preserved.
The variety of repair strawberries Elizabeth will surely please the gardener with an abundant crop of sweet large berries. To do this, you need to familiarize yourself with the features of planting and the nuances of further care for the crop described in this material, and clearly observe the agricultural technology of cultivation.