Description and characteristics of the sweetest strawberry varieties
Many gardeners who decide to grow strawberries are wondering what kind of variety to choose for planting on their site. You will learn about the sweetest and most delicious varieties of strawberries in this article.
The sweetest strawberry varieties
Breeders are introducing more and more strawberry varieties that are gaining popularity due to their characteristics, but the old ones do not lose ground. Let us consider in more detail the sweetest of them.
The homeland of this variety is Holland.. It was bred in 1954. Since then, it has been grown around the world, mainly on plantations for industrial purposes. It is appreciated by gardeners in Europe and Russia for abundant harvests of berries with a classic strawberry flavor.
Zenga-Zengana refers to medium-late ripening varieties. It has a short daylight hours. Between the periods of flowering and fruiting, about a month passes - flowering begins in May, and berries are picked from it once a year, in June. In one place can bear fruit effectively up to 6 years. It is characterized by high winter hardiness, tolerates temperatures up to -24 ° C, but does not like drought and heat. Not afraid of waterlogging and lingering weather, but in this case it may be affected by gray rot.
Bushes are strong, compact, well leafy. Sometimes they reach a meter in height. Give a little mustache, therefore, the antennal method of reproduction is very inconvenient. The weight of one ripe berry is about 10 g. The variety is considered high yielding. - From 1 m² you can collect up to 4 kg of berries. The color of the fruit is bright red. The fully ripened berries have a dark red color and a thick skin. They contain a large amount of juice and solids. It tastes sweet and sour with a very rich aroma. Suitable for any type of processing - cooking, drying, freezing.
The variety is prone to leaf spotting and is most often affected by strawberry mites.
Has immunity to such diseases:
- powdery mildew;
- late blight of the roots.
It is recommended to plant seedlings not tightly, one at a time, because they have a high percentage of survival. Zenga-Zengana is a transportable variety, its fruits do not crumple and do not deform on the road, which allows them to be grown for sale.
Kimberly is a representative of the Dutch varieties. Her “parents” were Strawberry Gorella and Chandler. Kimberly feels good in regions with a temperate climate, so it is grown almost everywhere.
Maturing by early maturity. Shrubs are low, with strong stems and with rounded leaves. Mustache grows slowly. For greater productivity, it is recommended to regularly remove them. Very strong peduncles, can hold heavy ripe berries, which sometimes reach a weight of 50 g. They have a scarlet color. The taste is very sweet, even sometimes - caramel. From one bush you can collect about 2 kg of ripe berries. In one place, Kimberly bears fruit for three years, most of all - in the second and third.
It tolerates frosts and short drought. Landings should be protected from drafts. It is better to plant seedlings in early spring or autumn. In dry weather, frequent watering is necessary, especially in the first week after planting. During cold weather, it is recommended to cover the bushes, for example, with fir branches.
Marishka was bred in the Czech Republic. It belongs to mid-early grades. It is grown in all regions except the Urals and Siberia. It is characterized by good frost resistance, due to which it has become widespread in Russia.
The main peculiarity of Maryshka is its berries, which do not grow smaller with each collection, maintaining an average size of 40-60 g. They ripen at the same time and the collection lasts 2 weeks. The yield of the bush is about 0.5 kg. The fruits are dark scarlet, dry. It tastes very sweet, smells like wild strawberries. The surface is covered with beautiful bright yellow seeds. The pulp is dense.
Minimizes the risk of diseases and pests due to high peduncles. Even ripe berries do not lie on the ground. Bushes have powerful roots that rarely affect any disease. However, Mark is unstable to red root rot. The variety is recommended to be grown in private areas.
Shelf, or Polka
This variety was bred in Holland in 1977. It is actively grown in Ukraine and Belarus, suitable for all latitudes of Russia.
Polka - in terms of ripening, it belongs to the late varieties, has a long fruiting period. At the first gathering, usually the berries are especially large (up to 60 g), then they will be ground to 20 g on average. Productivity - 1.5 kg per m². Berries of bright red color with a beautiful glossy finish, heterogeneous size. The taste is very sweet, gives the finish a caramel with a strong strawberry flavor. The shelf is highly regarded in the market due to its presentable appearance.
Bushes are tall with lots of leaves. The shelf is prone to overgrowing, so the bushes need regular maintenance. It has strong peduncles that can hold ripe berries. The shelf tolerates transportation well. It is resistant to frost and drought.
- powdery mildew;
- gray rot;
- and a pest - a garden tick.
But it is very susceptible to verticillosis and diseases of the root system.
The variety was bred in Russia by crossing Nadezhda and Redgontlet. It is not recommended for cultivation on an industrial scale, but is ideal for a garden or summer cottage.
Strawberry Borovitskaya is one of the latest in ripening of all domestic varieties. Its fruits are harvested in July. Productivity - 0.5 kg. The berries are large, red-brick hue. At the first collection, they reach 35 g. At subsequent harvests, they are reduced to 17 g. The taste is saturated, with a fruity aftertaste (sometimes called “candy”). Berries for universal use.
Bushes are powerful, with an average number of leaves. Peduncles are above the level of leaves. It forms a lot of inflorescences. The productivity of Borovitskaya is very high.Resistance to frost is noted, Borovitskaya can tolerate up to -35 ° C (if covered with snow).
Has immunity to such diseases:
- root rot;
- gray rot.
Important! Borovitskaya's strawberry flowers are bisexual, so she does not need additional pollinators.
- The variety has several disadvantages:
- Borovitskaya’s productivity is not enough for its implementation on an industrial scale;
- does not tolerate transportation, i.e. ripe fruits are too juicy;
- unripe strawberries are too sour.
Dutch breeders have developed a variety that is fully consistent with its name. Gigantella is known for its fruit weighing an average of 100 g. At the first collection, the weight can reach 125 g. In color, they are scarlet, juicy. The taste of strawberries is sweet, has a pineapple aroma. These berries are ideal for freezing, t. Do not lose their shape and taste.
Gigantella bushes are also large - up to half a meter in height. The roots are thicker and larger than other large-fruited. The recommended planting scheme is 4 bushes per 1 m². The site should be as flooded with the sun as possible. Fruiting in one place can be up to 8 years.
Strawberry Gigantella belongs to medium late varieties by maturity. Flowers appear in May, and berries ripen in June. The most effective method of reproduction is seedling. Resistance to frost - medium, and the disease is often insufficient for cultivation in some regions. The most common pests are ticks and slugs.
- The disadvantages of the variety:
- due to the long ripening of berries, they are likely to get sunburn;
- without the best and attentive care he will not show his qualities;
- requires frequent watering and mulching;
- the fruits quickly go off due to their large size.
But, despite everything, Gigantella is a favorite berry of many gardeners and is very popular in the market.
Clery's strawberry was bred in Italy in the mid-90s and is considered an elite variety. She deserved the love of gardeners thanks to her large and very beautiful shiny berries of rich red color. Their flesh is extremely dense, which allows them to endure long-term transportation without losing shape.
Clery belongs to the early varieties and is characterized by early maturity. Harvesting begins in May. One berry can weigh up to 50 g. It begins to bear fruit more efficiently from the second year.Appearance of berries - marketable. This is how strawberries are portrayed in the illustrations. Perfect conical shape. All berries are the same size without deformation. It tastes juicy, sweet with a strong strawberry aroma.
Bushes tall with bright green leaves located on the same level with inflorescences. In the first year of planting, only 2-3 peduncles appear on one bush. The best way to reproduce is antennae. Their strawberries give quite a lot. Clery has high winter hardiness and a good level of drought tolerance.
Has immunity to such diseases:
- root system;
- deciduous system;
- The disadvantages of the variety:
- insufficiently high productivity for an industrial scale;
- in the first and fourth years it is unproductive;
- susceptibility to mass infection;
- seeds on the market are expensive.
This variety is bred by American breeders. By maturity refers to the early. It features very large berries - up to 6 cm in length, reaching 90 g. The yield from the bush is 1.7 kg. The fruits are red, taste sweet, high in sugar. The pulp is dense and aromatic.
The bushes are sprawling, large. They require a lot of light and careful care. It is recommended that they be seated at a distance of at least 60 cm from each other.Eldorado strawberries are frost-resistant and immune to all major strawberry diseases. It tolerates transportation and storage in any form. By appointment - universal. By type of fruiting is not remontant.
Did you know? Strawberries are called strawberries with large fruits.
Queen Elizabeth II
This is a very young variety, bred only in 2001. It is interesting that he was discovered by chance by a Russian breeder who, while conducting research on the American strawberry Queen Elizabeth, noticed a plant that produced an unusually high yield with large fruits. So it became the second Elizabeth. The bushes are strong, with a lot of leaves. They form a lot of whiskers, which makes the antennal method of reproduction the main one for this variety.
Elizabeth II has a short flowering and fruiting period. The berries are quite large, weighing up to 80 g. With proper care, they can reach 100 g. Due to its repair properties, the culture allows you to harvest up to 4 times a year. Ripe fruits have a bright red color. The pulp is dense, fleshy. The fruits are very sweet with a strawberry flavor.
It tolerates transportation and long storage. It has high frost resistance, can tolerate up to -23 ° C. However, in such winters, bushes must be covered with protective materials. Strawberries are immune to common diseases and insects.
- The disadvantages of the variety:
- yield decreases over time;
- in winter requires shelter.
The variety was bred by Dutch breeders and has long been known in Europe and is actively grown. In Russia, he appeared only in the 2000s.
By maturity refers to medium-late. By type of fruiting - not repair. Harvest begins to harvest in late July and continues until October. Berries are not sung at the same time, so the fees must be carried out several times. Fruits can reach 120 g, are considered one of the largest. Ripe specimens have a deep dark red color. The pulp is dense. The berries taste sweet with a characteristic aroma. There is an increased sugar content of 10%.
Bushes are powerful with lots of leaves. Bisexual flowers.Peduncles are strong, withstand the weight of ripe berries. Mustache give enough for breeding. However, many gardeners prefer the vegetative method. In one place can bear fruit up to 5 years.
Important! Vima Xima reacts very negatively to too dense landings. Between the bushes, a distance of more than 40 cm must be observed.
Wima Xima is cold-resistant, tolerates heat normally. Berries, due to their elasticity, are well suited for transportation. Exposure to diseases and insects at the level of standard varieties.
Both varieties of Vima Xima and Vima Zanta are bred in the Netherlands. The “parents” of Wim Zant were the varieties Elsanta and Korona. This is an early variety, the harvest of which begins in May. The average volume of harvest from the bush varies from 500 to 800 g. The berries are large, without gloss, of a heterogeneous size. The pulp of the fruit is very sweet with the scent of strawberries. It is juicy, soft, so berries are not recommended to be transported. The purpose of the variety is dessert.
Bushes are powerful, medium height. Peduncles are small, can not hold ripe berries and fall down. The recommended method of reproduction is antennal.Vima Zanta has a high resistance to diseases such as:
- rot of the roots;
- gray rot;
- viral diseases.
Strawberry Carmen bred in Czechoslovakia. It is very popular among European gardeners due to its characteristics.
By maturity is considered a medium late variety. Berries grow only in the middle of summer. Ripe dark red with a beautiful glossm. The pulp has a lot of juice, but it retains density. The taste may have sourness in the aftertaste. The first harvest usually allows you to collect large fruits, up to 40 g. Then they are reduced to 15 g. It is noted that the yield is stable and high. Carmen is well grown on an industrial scale.Bushes are dense with thick leaves. Flowers grow in inflorescences on the same level as foliage. This allows them to receive a lot of sunlight. Carmen is not demanding on landing conditions, unpretentious. It does not require complex care and actively responds to any top dressing. Fruits in one place no longer than 5 years.Carmen tolerates drought and waterlogging, frost well. It is immune to diseases characteristic of strawberries.
Advantages and disadvantages of sweet varieties
There is no perfect strawberry. Like all varieties, sweet strawberries have their pros and cons.
- Many of the varieties presented are large-fruited, which is one of the main criteria for evaluating strawberries by gardeners.
- Large-fruited strawberries look very presentable, which ensures their demand in the market.
- Most sweet varieties are resistant to conditions such as frost, drought and waterlogging.
- Also, sweet strawberries, due to selection, acquired immunity to the main diseases of strawberries.
- Of course, the taste of the fruit. Sweet varieties are loved not only among gardeners, but also among buyers, due to their taste and aroma.
Important! Strawberries are contraindicated in people who suffer from appendicitis, cirrhosis and increased acidity of gastric juice.
- In some varieties, for example, in Clery, ripe berries can be so sweet that not everyone will like it.
- Often sweet strawberries require enhanced care and more frequent watering than regular strawberries.
- With improper care, the berries will lose their taste and may even be hollow.
- The productivity of sweet varieties is getting lower every year.
Features of planting and care
Different varieties require individual care. To collect strawberries in large quantities and in the best quality, you need to follow the technology for growing a particular variety.The best time to plant strawberries is July. Repairing varieties must be planted so that the distance between the bushes is at least 30 cm.
Sweet strawberries are demanding of sunlight and need a long daylight hours. Many gardeners use a trick - they remove the flower stalks formed in spring in order to accelerate the first fruiting a month earlier. It is also important to remember that strawberry beds age quickly, so growing it in one place for more than 2-3 years is not recommended.
Bushes of sweet strawberries should be regularly fed and watered. - To this she is the most demanding. So that moisture does not go away quickly, you can twice a year to mulch. Loosening the soil and removing weeds should be done as necessary.
Harvesting and storage rules
It is important to pay attention to the characteristics of the variety whose crop is supposed to be harvested. For example, the fruits of Marishka are being sung at the same time. This means that the collection must be completed in less than two weeks. After this period, the berries will be gone.
Berries must be picked before they are ripened. Otherwise, they will become too soft and damaged. If you plan a long transportation, then you can harvest a little sleepy. It is necessary to tear them together with the peduncle. Berries collected this way will be stored longer.
The shelf life of strawberries is 2 days. Given this, gardeners involved in the sale of strawberries need to carefully calculate the timing of the harvest in order to bring it to the market as soon as possible. Strawberries can also be stored in the refrigerator, increasing the shelf life to 4 days. But not every variety can tolerate freezing, this must also be taken into account.
Did you know? The largest producer of strawberries is considered the US state of California, where annually they collect up to 1 billion tons of its crop.
Now you yourself can decide on the choice of sweet strawberries. Following the rules of agricultural technology and the tips of this article, you can get a crop that does not disappoint you.