Features of cultivation and characteristics of the Clery strawberry variety
Sweet and juicy strawberries are a favorite summer treat for children and adults, so many gardeners grow it on their sites. One of the best types of this culture is the Italian Cleary variety, which gives surprisingly sweet and large berries already in early summer. Description of plants and characteristics of the yield of strawberries of this variety, as well as the characteristics of its planting, rules of care and ways to deal with possible difficulties - further in the article.
General characteristics of the variety
Strawberry Clery belongs to the varieties of Italian selection. It is the result of crossing the varieties Sweet Charlie and Onebor and was obtained in 1996. The birthplace of this berry is the city of Ferrara, located in northeastern Italy.
Did you know? To get 98% of the daily dose of vitamin C, just eat 100 g of fresh strawberries.
The breeders of the Matszioni Group company worked on the creation of the Clery variety, who wanted to get a new type of strawberry with large and sweet berries ripening as early as possible. In 1998, this variety was patented, and today it is actively grown both in small summer cottages and on an industrial scale.
Growing Regions and Ripening Period
The ripening time of Clery's strawberries depends on climate conditions and ranges from late May to early June. All berries reach a state of ripeness within 2 weeks, so it is convenient to mass collect them.
In the open ground, this variety is recommended to be grown in the following regions:
- Northern Italy
- countries of Europe with a moderate continental type of climate;
- the territory of central Russia;
- all regions of Ukraine and Belarus.
In areas with a cold climate, located closer to the north, it is recommended to grow Clery strawberries only in greenhouses.
Plants of this variety look voluminous and need enough free space. During the flowering period, Clery's strawberry bushes are abundantly covered with flowers and become a bright decoration for the site.
The biological description of the variety is presented below:
- Plants are very powerful and tall. The aerial part of the bush has a round shape, and its branches are characterized by medium leafiness.
- The leaves are dark green, have large sizes and a characteristic glossy sheen.
- The flowering period falls at the beginning of May. At the same time, a lot of thick peduncles with large white flowers appear on the strawberry, located on the same level with the leaves.
- Plants form many mustaches - during the summer, one bush can give up to 30 rosettes.
- The variety is self-pollinated, therefore, does not need pollinators. It can be grown in greenhouses or in open ground.
Characterization of fruits and their purpose
Strawberry Clery has become widely known among many gardeners due to the excellent marketability of ripe berries, which can be used for various purposes.
Important! Clery's strawberry is very useful for the human body - due to its rich chemical composition, it can be used for disorders in the functioning of the digestive system and hypertension.
The main characteristics of the fruit are listed below:
- berries are large and one-dimensional, the average weight of each of them is about 35–40 g;
- outside the strawberry is covered with dense red skin with a slight glossy sheen and small yellow seeds;
- berry staining occurs as it ripens in the direction from the tip to the peduncle;
- the shape of the fruit is conical, and the tip is pronounced;
- the red pulp of the berry is dense and very juicy, and its core is whitish;
- ripe strawberries have a pleasant sweet taste with a slight acidity and exudes a characteristic aroma;
- in cooking, berries can be used fresh, well suited for freezing, canning and preparing various desserts;
- in cosmetology, therapeutic masks and compresses are made from berries of this variety.
Compared to other early varieties, Clery's strawberries are not the highest yields, but when grown in a greenhouse from the bushes, you can collect more sweet and large berries.
The main characteristics of the yield and fruiting of this variety are listed below:
- in the first year after planting, up to 4 peduncles are formed on each bush, giving no more than 15 berries;
- the yield of the variety is average and amounts to 290 kg / ha;
- abundant fruiting is observed in the first 2–4 years after planting, and then the number of berries on the bushes decreases.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Like any other kind of strawberry, the Clery variety has its own advantages and disadvantages, which the gardener needs to carefully analyze before deciding whether to plant plants on his site.
- The main advantages of this variety are:
- early harvest ripening;
- one-dimensionality and attractive appearance of berries;
- good fruit transportability;
- excellent taste and healthy chemical composition of strawberries;
- self-pollination of plants;
- unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil;
- versatility of crop use;
- good drought tolerance;
- good immunity to diseases and pests;
- high ability of bushes to breed mustache;
- the possibility of growing varieties in open and closed ground.
Video: Clery's Strawberry
- The minuses of Clery's strawberries include:
- relatively low productivity;
- a small number of berries in the first year of cultivation;
- exacting care;
- low frost resistance;
- dependence of yield on climate conditions;
- high cost of planting material;
- the tendency to mass infection of plantings with the appearance of diseases and pests.
Clery's strawberry cultivation begins with planting seedlings. It is recommended to buy planting material in specialized stores or from trusted sellers, choosing only strong and healthy seedlings with a developed root system and bright green leaves.
In order for the purchased strawberry sprouts to take root safely on the site, they need to be planted at certain times, observing a simple sequence of actions. It is equally important to find a suitable site for growing the crop in order to create the most comfortable conditions for plants to grow. About the main features of the planting of the Cleary variety - further in the article.
You can transplant young sprouts of Clery's strawberries in the open ground in spring or autumn. In this case, the seedlings must have time to adapt to new conditions before the onset of cold weather and build up a branched root system.
The size and number of berries on the bushes in the first year of growing the crop directly depend on the selected planting dates:
- if you plant strawberries in late August or early September, then the plants will have time to grow stronger before the onset of frost, but next year they will give a small amount of large berries;
- if the seedlings are planted in mid-April, then over the summer it will get strong enough and next year a lot of berries will form on the bushes, but they will be small.
Location and layout
Even healthy and strong Clery strawberry seedlings can die if they are planted in the wrong place, so before planting seedlings you need to choose a site on which the plants will be most comfortable.
Important! It is recommended to plant strawberry seedlings on the site in cloudy weather so that delicate leaves do not suffer from bright sunlight.
The selected location must meet the following requirements:
- good sun exposure - in conditions of lack of light, the berries become sour in taste, and the bushes are more often affected by diseases;
- flat terrain - allows to avoid stagnation of thawed and rain water on beds;
- light and loose soil with neutral acidity - it passes solar heat, moisture and air well to the roots of plants;
- location southwest of tall trees and buildings - allows you to protect the bushes from cold drafts;
- lack of groundwater close to the surface, - if the roots of strawberries are constantly flooded from below, then the bushes will quickly begin to rot;
- correct crop rotation - This variety is recommended to be planted after winter crops, annual herbs and lupins, and tomatoes, potatoes and cucumbers are considered bad predecessors for strawberries.
Bushes of the Clery variety need enough free space, so you can not plant them too close to each other. The recommended distance between adjacent plants in one row is 30 cm, and between the rows themselves - 45 cm.
The procedure for planting Cleri varieties in open ground is not particularly difficult, so even a beginner gardener can carry it out. But at the same time, a certain sequence of actions must be observed so that young shoots adapt more easily to new conditions.
The site begins to be prepared for planting in advance - in the autumn it is dug up with the addition of compost (2 buckets per 1 m²) and all plant residues are removed, and a few days before the seedlings are planted, the soil is watered and covered with a film.
Important! A few days before the planting of Clery's strawberry sprouts in open ground, it is recommended to begin their hardening - for this, the seedlings are kept at a temperature of + 10 ° С.
The step-by-step instructions for planting Clery's strawberries are presented below:
- Inspect the seedlings, removing dried and damaged leaves. If necessary, trim the roots so that their length is not more than 10 cm.
- Immerse the roots of the seedlings in a porridge-like mixture of clay and water so that they do not dry out.
- Prepare rows of small holes on the site, adhering to the recommended plant layout. Pour a handful of wood ash into the bottom of each well. Submerge the seedling in the hole so that its upper bud is above the ground. Gently sprout the roots of the sprout in the recess and gently press them to the ground.
- Sprinkle the root system of the young plant with soil. Sprinkle the sprout with a small amount of water, and when it is completely absorbed into the ground - mulch the beds with sawdust.
Clery's strawberries can delight a generous harvest of ripe berries only if the beds are properly maintained. Plants need enough moisture and nutrients to grow and ripen evenly, as well as reliable shelter from frost when grown in areas with cold winters.
All these care measures, of course, require some effort from the gardener, but they allow you to create the most favorable conditions for the bushes and improve the taste of the fruit. Read more about caring for Clery's variety later in the article.
The yield and taste of Clery's strawberries depend on proper watering. Plants need a lot of water for normal growth and abundant fruiting, but with excess moisture, the roots of the bushes can rot, and the berries become less sweet.
The basic rules for watering beds are listed below:
- it is recommended to irrigate Clery’s strawberries by the drip method, pouring water strictly under the root of each bush - drops of liquid that fall on the leaves and berries will cause sunburn and rotting of the fruit;
- the frequency of irrigation depends on climate conditions and is 1-2 times a week - the land on the beds should not dry out or be too wet;
- for irrigation of plantings, you can use only warm water with a temperature of about + 18 ° C;
- watering is recommended to be carried out early in the morning or in the evening - this allows to reduce the evaporation of water in the sun;
- after watering, weeds must be removed along with the roots and surface loosening of the soil around the plants should be performed;
- so that the land on the beds remains wet longer, after watering it must be mulched with a layer of dry straw or sawdust.
Timely feeding of Clery's strawberries with fertilizers helps to increase the number of large berries on the bush, and ripened fruits acquire a rich sweet taste.
To make fertilizers better absorbed, it is recommended to combine top dressing with strawberry watering.
The basic rules for fertilizing are listed below:
- the first feeding is carried out in early spring after the snow melts - 3-4 kg of humus are added per 1 m² of beds to stimulate the growth of the green mass of the bush;
- the second time they feed strawberries before flowering - each plant is watered with 500 ml of a solution of 10 l of water, 20 g of nitrophosphate and 2 g of potassium sulfate;
- during flowering, you can water the beds with a liquid solution of rotted manure, diluting it with water in a ratio of 1: 8;
- in the second half of August, 1 l of nutrient solution from 10 l of water, 40 g of store-bought complex fertilizer and 200 g of wood ash are introduced under each bush.
Strawberries of this variety are notable for good frost resistance and can winter without shelter in the southern regions. But if in winter the air temperature drops below -16 ° C, then it is recommended to cover the beds.
Important! It is recommended to remove the winter shelter from the strawberry beds of Clery in the spring immediately after the snow melts, when the active growth of the bushes begins.
Preparing Cleary's bushes for winter includes such actions:
- sanitary pruning - in the beginning of autumn, damaged and old leaves, as well as mustaches, must be removed on the bushes;
- loosening of soil around plants - carried out in August and helps to improve the air permeability of the soil;
- at the beginning of October, the final water-loading irrigation of the bushes is carried out - it allows the roots to be well saturated with moisture and better to tolerate wintering;
- mulching of beds - at the end of October, the earth around the bushes is covered with a dense layer of straw, needles or humus;
- strawberry shelter - on top of the mulched beds are covered with spanbond or lutrasil.
Diseases and Pests
Subject to all the above recommendations for growing strawberries, Clery is rarely attacked by diseases or pests. But if the gardener makes mistakes in caring for plants, then harmful microbes and insects can appear on the beds.
Plants of this variety can be affected by such pests and diseases:
- Aphid. It affects the green mass of the bush and feeds on the juice of the leaves, causing them to wither and curl. The plant takes on a painful appearance and quickly fades. You can get rid of aphids by spraying the beds with a liquid soap solution (30 g of laundry soap per 10 l of water). With a large number of insects, Karbofos is used.
- Weevil. Signs of defeat are dried inflorescences on strawberries and massive falling of ovaries. The leaves of the bush fade, and the plant stops in development. To get rid of the pest, it is recommended to spray plantings with a solution of potassium permanganate (2 g of substance per 5-6 l of water). A good therapeutic effect is spraying the bushes with the Inta-Vir insecticide.
- Strawberry mite. The insect infects strawberry leaves, sucking juice out of them. As a result of this, the plants shrink and stop growing, and their green mass curls and darkens. You can destroy ticks using a solution of colloidal sulfur (4 g of the drug per 10 liters of water), spraying them with diseased plants. With a large number of insects, insecticides are used (for example, Actellic).
- Anthracnose. With this disease, the leaves of the bush are covered with small brown spots, which eventually cover the entire surface of the plant and lead to its death.To cope with the infection, you need to remove the diseased bush from the site and destroy it, and spray the rest of the plants with a solution of 100 g of copper sulfate and 130 g of lime diluted in 10 l of water. With severe infection, fungicides are used (for example, Antracol).
To prevent the occurrence of these problems, it is necessary to implement preventive measures:
- cultivate Clery in areas well lit by the sun;
- observe crop rotation;
- regularly destroy weeds;
- adhere to the schedule of watering and fertilizing;
- use quality material for planting;
- periodically loosen the soil around the plants.
Harvesting and storage
Clery's strawberries are distinguished by their fruit ripening, so the whole crop can be harvested for two weeks. Ripe berries are removed in portions as they ripen and immediately put in those containers in which strawberries will be transported.
The basic rules for collecting and storing berries are listed below:
- the crop is harvested in the early morning after the dew has dried;
- fruits are recommended to be removed only in dry weather - from rain the berries quickly become sour and poorly stored;
- berries must be picked, stored and transported together with the green stalk - so they retain freshness and original shape longer;
- fruits are stored in the refrigerator - here they retain freshness for up to 6 days.
Important! Upon contact with water, strawberries become sour and quickly deteriorate, therefore it is recommended to wash berries only immediately before eating.
Even a beginner gardener can grow strawberries Clery - plants do not need special care, and the techniques of agricultural technology listed in this article will not take much time. In return, you can get a generous harvest of delicious and healthy berries that can be used for a variety of purposes.
I have two beds of CLEURI, one in the sun, the other in partial shade. 1,06 in the sun has ripened in the partial shade, it will only start, the taste is as always good, the berry is large, market grade.