Features of growing strawberries Moscow delicacy
Strawberries or garden strawberries, as botanists and breeders call it, are a popular crop culture. Among the many varieties, those plants that are not whimsical to climate conditions, such as Moscow delicacy, are especially valuable.
Botanical description and characteristics of strawberries
A variety of Dutch breeding at the end of the 90s was included in the register of selection achievements of the Russian Federation.
Characterization of fruits and bushes
A short, compact bush has medium growth power, the outlet is semi-spreading. The stems are straight, with a moderate amount of mustache. Foliage with a small number of wrinkles on the surface, slightly fleecy, rounded oval. Multifloral peduncle rises above the level of foliage, which increases the resistance of the plant to fungal infections.
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The berries are medium in size, conical in shape, no neck. According to gardeners' reviews, under proper conditions, berries up to 60 g in weight are picked from the bush. The color of the fruit is bright red, a large number of seeds deeply immersed in the pulp. The pulp is dense, without voids, sweet and sour, fragrant and juicy.
Pros and cons of the variety
An undeniable plus of the repairing variety is the ability to bear fruit twice a year (June and September). Under the condition of growing at home, plant growers achieve large yields.
- Other advantages:
- early ripening;
- resistance of flower ovaries to frost;
- resistant to frost, but requires shelter;
- harmonious taste;
- universality in application;
- resistance to fungal diseases;
- excellent yields.
The disadvantage is the pickiness in care and a small number of mustaches. Available propagation methods are dividing a bush or seed method.
Pollinators and productivity
It is not worth worrying about pollinators on the open ground, the flowers of the variety are bisexual. With proper care, from 800 g to 1200 g of selected berries are collected. Moreover, in both the first and second crops, the fruit size is equally large.
Features of planting and care of strawberries
Compliance with the rules of agricultural technology will greatly facilitate the care of the crop. The more carefully the gardener treats the selection of suitable conditions - soil, place, etc., the greater will be the return.
The main rule is the correct predecessor.
Strawberries can be planted after growing such crops:
- siderata herbs (with subsequent incorporation into the soil);
- onion and garlic;
- root crops (radish, carrots, radish).
Important! You can not plant strawberries in one place for more than 3 years. The bad precursors for the plant are nightshade vegetables: they have common diseases.
Choosing the best seedlings for planting
Seedlings need to be selected in horticultural nurseries in order to acquire the desired variety, and not fake. Healthy seedlings, in addition to last year's leaves, should have at least a couple of young ones. Foliage without spots and wrinkles, bright, dense, pubescent.The base of the stem or horn is about 7 mm thick, light green in color. The urinary root system is moist, flexible, with no signs of insects.
Selection of a place for landing
The site should be sunlit most of the day. The surface is elevated or even, since the variety is sensitive to excess moisture. Ground water should be located no closer than 2 m from the ground surface. It is advisable that the landing be protected from draft.
Strawberries love weakly acidic or neutral soil, loose and nutritious, therefore, before planting, you need to make adjustments if necessary:
- Dense soil “dilute” with sand and peat;
- 300–600 g of wood ash are added to acidic soil;
- dig up poor soil in the fall, introducing 4 kg of humus per m².
The planting date for each region is different, but the main condition is the soil warmed up to + 18 ° C. It is advisable to disinfect the roots of the seedlings by dipping for 20 minutes in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then, holes are prepared at a distance of 40 cm from each other, the two-line landing method is chosen, which will significantly save space on the site.Line spacing - 25 cm, row spacing - up to 70 cm. You do not need to deepen the root neck, otherwise it will rot. After the seedling roots are sprinkled with earth on all sides, they need to be slightly squeezed with your palms to remove air pockets.
Watering and fertilizer
Watering the first week is carried out daily with warm water in moderation. During this time, the seedling should begin in the soil. After that, watering is reduced by adjusting the intensity according to the weather. If there is heat, there is no precipitation or a small amount of it, watering is carried out 3-4 times a week, in other case less often.
Important! Strawberries become smaller and acidic due to errors in watering, with an excess of nitrogen during feeding.
Strawberries need nitrogen to build foliage. In spring, a mullein infusion diluted with 1:20 water will be a suitable fertilizer. During flowering, bushes well perceive boron top dressing: 1 tsp / 10 l of water. During fruiting, the plant needs potassium and phosphorus: 30 g / 10 l of water.
For winter, strawberries are pruned, removing old damaged leaves. For a good wintering in regions with a cold winter, the bushes are covered with agrofibre and optionally spruce branches. As soon as snow falls, it is raked from above for shelter.
Diseases and Pests
Strawberries can be susceptible to disease or insect attacks, so it is important to follow crop rotation and preventative measures. First of all, before planting, you need to disinfect the soil on the bed and planting material. It is also advisable to choose varieties zoned for a particular region.
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To protect the culture from disease, starting in spring, gardeners carry out preventive spraying:
- carbamide (600 g), copper sulfate (50 g) is diluted in 10 l of water, spraying will also serve as top dressing;
- Bordeaux liquid, prepared at a concentration of 3%;
- iodine solution 15 drops per 10 liters of water.
If the plant is still affected by the disease or pest, then you need to know how to deal with them:
- Against fungal diseases such as rot or spotting, apply the fungicide "Scor" or "Hom" according to the instructions. For cases of the disease during the period of fruiting, biological preparations are used, such as Bactofit, Gamair.
- Against most insects such as aphids, weevil and its larvae, moth butterfliesbroad-spectrum drugs, such as Agravertin, are effective.
- Slimmer usually collected by hand, and in order to prevent them from reaching the site, egg or nut shells are poured in the aisles and between bushes.
- From birds the landing is protected by nets that are pulled onto the supports.
Harvesting and storage
The Moscow delicacy ripens early, i.e. the first crop is harvested in the first decade of June. For transportation and storage, berries must be collected together with the stem. Strawberries do not ripen, being picked green, the fruits must be ripened, otherwise they will be acidic.
The variety can be stored for about three days in a cool, dry place or 5-6 days in the refrigerator. Moscow delicacy is loved for large fruits and versatility in use, the berry, in addition, keeps its shape when frozen.To get a crop of really large fruits, you need to take into account all the nuances of care.