Features raspberries Sokolitsa
Sokolitsa combined the genes of the strongest raspberry varieties, so she conquered gardeners with a high yield, large fruits and high resistance to diseases and pests. In the article we will consider all the subtleties of growing this variety and how universal it is.
Features raspberries Sokolitsa
This Polish variety entered the modern market in 2010.
To create a new culture, crossing varieties of Polana, Molling Promis and Kanby were used. Sokolitsa ripening occurs in the first decade of June. According to reviews and photos of experienced gardeners, it can be compared with a similar variety of Laczka, although the difference between ripening is 5-7 days.
A distinctive feature of Sokolitsa is the maintainability. It can produce atypical fruiting on annual branches. The berry itself grows to large sizes, has a bright color and rich taste.
Did you know? According to legend, in ancient Crete, the young princess decided to treat the baby Zeus with raspberries and scratched her hand. So, being white at that time, the berries turned red.
The described species has such a number of differences from the classic varieties:
- The bush stands out for its average spreading. The height of the stems reaches 1.7–2 m, and the trunks and fruit branches are covered with thin, small spines. They are located in the upper part of the plant and have a dark brown color.
- Leaves are medium sized. They are characterized by wrinkling, bright green color and the presence of narrow teeth along the edges.
- The berries are elongated and large. On the sides flattened, like a truncated cone. The average weight of the fetus is 5–7 g.
- Saturated red color with a slight sheen. Drupe is one-dimensional and tightly coupled. Due to the hardness and density of berries, the variety does not cause transportation problems.
- Resistance to frost at an average level. For example, growing raspberries in Russia, you must take care of shelter for the entire period of cold weather.
Polish farmers note the high heat resistance of this crop. It tolerates dry air and lack of rainfall.
Advantages and disadvantages
It is important to pay attention to the pros and cons of Sokolitsa.
- large crop;
- large, dense and sweet fruits of an unusual shape;
- well suited for transportation;
- suitable for commercial cultivation on open ground;
- the variety is not afraid of heat and drought;
- resistant to most diseases inherent in raspberries;
- ease of breeding.
- the branches are covered with thorns;
- low winter hardiness;
- dependence on regular watering.
Gardeners do not always orient themselves in the time of pruning and shoot completely in the autumn: this is absolutely impossible to do. The considered raspberry variety bears fruit on old shoots. You can cut the shoots after the third year of the plant's life.
Selection of seedlings and plot
Sokolitsa has a developed root system, so its condition should be given special attention. Seedlings should be alive, without visible damage. The length of suitable roots is 10–15 cm. Knowing what requirements the Sokolitsy seedlings must meet, we need to study the stem, shoots and bark.
At the base there must be at least 3 buds, because it is from them that branches will form next year. The readiness for active growth of a seedling indicates the presence of formed stems. Under this condition, it is clear that the escape is alive and ready for growth.
Important! During transportation, it is necessary to wrap the seedling with a damp cloth and immediately place it in the prepared soil.
Sokolitsa should not be planted on a high dry surface, in indentations and between garden trees. The soil should be clean, without clay and stones.
If clay prevails in the summer cottage, it is better to prepare the material for planting before buying seedlings. Raspberries do not tolerate moisture congestion and the proximity of groundwater (closer than 1.5 m from the surface of the earth).
It is better to choose a place near fences or buildings - this will help to avoid strong weathering, and it will also be more convenient to tie up bushes.
In colder regions, bushes are planted in the spring in the spring, and in places of stable or elevated temperature - in the fall, waiting for the sap flow to end. Dug trenches must be filled with fertilizer (ash, organic or mineral mixtures).
Important! In order for raspberry bushes to bear fruit abundantly, it is recommended to plant no more than four seedlings in one hole.
The scheme of the planting itself depends on how the gardener will grow summer berries:
- tape method. A strip of stems is prepared at a tape width of 50 cm. The distance between the raspberry bushes is 40-60 cm, and between the ribbons is 1.8-2 m;
- bush method. Each bush should have 9-12 developed stems. Plants are planted at a distance of 1.5 m from each other. Rows are formed at a width of 1.5-1.8 m.
Watering and feeding
Raspberry bushes do not tolerate waterlogging, so in dry warm weather it is enough to water once a week. The roots of the plant are located in the upper layer of the soil and, in extreme heat, run the risk of drying out - in this case, water more often. However, it is important to remember that too much watering threatens to rot the root system and has a detrimental effect on the fruits themselves.
Pest and Disease Control
Regardless of the raspberry variety, it needs protection from pests and diseases. It is important to know how to do this prophylaxis:
- The most common raspberry diseases include Anthracnose, powdery mildew, gray and root rot. Sokolitsa is quite resistant to these diseases, but with improper care there is a risk of infection. To protect the plant, it is necessary to carry out spring spraying of raspberry with copper-containing agents (3% Bordeaux liquid, copper oxychloride or Hom) It is important to adhere to proper agricultural practices so that the fight against diseases does not end with crop loss.
- Of the pests most often found raspberry beetle and stem fly. Raspberry beetle attacks the leaves, fruits and buds of a plant. Berries lose their appearance and rot. You can protect raspberries with solutions Fufanol, Nitrofen or Confidor. After processing, the earth is covered with mulch. The first protection against the stem fly is carried out using "Karbofosa" or Sparks right after the snow melted. The following processing is carried out “Fitoverm”, “Actellicom” or Agravertin in the beginning of May. The soil under the plant is covered with a layer of mulch, so that the pest could not get to it.Any preventive work is strictly prohibited during the flowering period. Otherwise, pollinating insects can die, and the yield itself will decrease significantly.
Preparing for the winter
This Polish variety is bred in a country with a milder climate, so in regions with unstable temperatures it is important to make shelter for raspberries. In late October - early November, it is necessary to mulch the soil to protect the roots from freezing.
Before wintering, the stems are bent to the ground and fixed with brackets or arcs (preferably made of plastic). Next, the culture must be covered with a protective film or agrofibre.
As soon as snow falls, it is better to rake the snow and cover it with bushes yourself. Since Sokolitsa does not tolerate night frosts, it is better to remove the shelter after stabilizing the warm air temperature.
Harvesting and storage
Berry picking is recommended in dry and clear weather. In the morning, while the dew remains on the fruits, and immediately after the rain it is better not to do this: raspberries should be completely dry.
This must be done very carefully, without throwing or dropping it. Despite the density of berries of this variety, it is worthwhile carefully to separate them from the receptacle, so as not to crush.
If the berry is preparing for transportation, then the fruit is left, cutting or pinching from the stem itself. It is important to prevent overriding and collect summer berry as soon as it turns red.
Did you know? At the end of the 19th century, Swiss scientists were able to create a variety with purple berries by crossing bushes with red and black raspberries.
It is better to prepare the container in advance, because whole and damaged berries must be laid in different containers. If the fruits are collected in jars, then it is necessary to ensure their purity, and if in baskets, it is better to cover them with newspaper. It is important to know that pouring berries from one container to another is unacceptable: this can damage the integrity of the fruit.
For temporary storage, you need to choose a dry, dark and ventilated room. At a temperature of 0 ° ... + 0.5 ° C and a humidity of 85%, the berries can stand for up to 5 days, then they can be frozen on plastic pallets and put in bags.
Raspberry Sokolitsa bred at the Institute of Horticulture in Brzezna and is considered a fairly new variety, nevertheless, it continues to actively conquer the domestic market due to its resistance to diseases and heat.
A large crop, large and sweet berries, good tolerance of transportation and early ripening period make the variety convenient for both summer cultivation and commercial cultivation. The main thing is to observe agricultural technology and provide the plant with proper care.
Network user reviews
Spikes on the shoots are: In the lower part of the shoot of medium density, in the upper part are single, small. These nipples are absolutely not aggressive, when pressed, they bend like paralon and do not penetrate the skin. When leaving, they do not cause any problems. Grade early -Medium ripening, however, due to its high resistance to fungal diseases, it is used for early forcing of berries in greenhouses.