Features of raspberry variety Tadmore
When choosing raspberries, farmers and gardeners pay special attention to the size of the berries, their taste and yield of the plant. Connoisseurs of elite varieties and just raspberry lovers will not be indifferent to the New Zealand hybrid Tadmore - its description, as well as the main characteristics and recommendations for care are given below.
The raspberry variety Tadmor is the newest large-fruited hybrid that was bred by New Zealand breeders by crossing two technical hybrids. He passed the tests in the UK and was praised as a fairly versatile unpretentious variety suitable for cultivation on an industrial scale.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Tadmore belongs to medium-late varieties - the beginning of fruiting occurs in the third decade of August and lasts until frost. Winter hardiness is high (without shelter it tolerates temperatures up to –30 ° C).
The bush is tall, not very leafy. Shoots of medium thickness reach 2.3 m in height. Annual shoots have an anthocyanin shade, a small amount of soft and non-sharp spikes. Branches older than one year are reddish-brown in color, with a weak hiss, their spines are short. The leaf is large, wrinkled, whitish on the reverse side. The shoot formation is good, which allows you to actively propagate the variety.
Did you know? Swiss scientists developed a raspberry variety with purple berries. The hybrid was obtained by crossing aronia and aronia shrubs.
Berries are tied on two-year branches. They are conical in elongated shape, and their average length is 4 cm, weight 6.8–6.9 g. Often there are specimens reaching 10 g. The berry is juicy, bright red in color, closer to a light shade. Fruits do not bake in the sun, and overripe ones do not change color.
The taste of raspberries being considered is very pleasant, with a slight acidity, dessert. Aroma - berry, pronounced bright
Drupe has a good grip, does not crumble. The berry is quite dense, does not flow, is suitable for transportation and for a sufficiently long storage (up to four days). In accordance with these qualities, Tadmore can be attributed to industrial varieties. The yield from the bush is within three kilograms.
- pleasant taste, good ratio of sugar to acid;
- pronounced aroma;
- large berries;
- dense juicy fruits
- excellent yield;
- high transportability, the ability to store for several days without loss of quality;
- ease of reproduction (fast bush growth and a large number of shoots);
- resistance to viruses and fungi.
- average frost resistance;
- requires plentiful watering in areas with a hot climate.
The variety is unpretentious, suitable for beginner gardeners. However, it, like any culture, requires care and has its own characteristics.
Tadmore belongs to the summer varieties, and the agricultural techniques necessary for it do not have significant differences from other similar ones.
Important! Tadmor does not take root in poor in composition and dense soil.
But in order for the plant to take root well, less exposed to diseases and give an excellent harvest, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules.
Selection of seedlings and plot
When choosing a site for planting seedlings, one should take into account the preferences of the variety:
- grows well in loose and fertile soils;
- requires a lot of space;
- does not tolerate strong winds and drafts;
- requires areas with excess sun;
- does not tolerate stagnation of moisture, so it is better to choose elevated areas.
Preparing planting material
Planting time depends on the climatic conditions of the cultivation area - in spring, before buds open, or in autumn, when the leaves have already fallen.
When choosing seedlings, one should pay attention to the root system, which should be sufficiently developed and have one or better two formed stems. Preference should be given to annual young shoots.
Important! Given the late fruiting of Tadmore, experienced gardeners recommend planting a variety in spring. After removing the last crop, the bushes do not always have time to fully recover before the frost.
The seedlings are transported by wrapping the roots in a damp cloth, in a bag that prevents the evaporation of moisture. Preparation before planting includes cutting all shoots to a length of not more than 0.4 m and removing leaves.
Because the Tadmore belongs to the tall varieties, it is recommended to place the seedlings at a sufficient distance between the bushes - from 0.7 to 1 m. Thus, no more than 7 seedlings should be planted on each square site of the site. With a denser planting, the soil will quickly deplete, which will lead to a deterioration in the taste of berries and a decrease in their size.
In order that the bushes do not bend and are well ventilated, you can use supports between which the wire is stretched. The height of the supports is 2–2.3 m, the lower wire is stretched at a height of 1.5 m
Watering and fertilizer
The variety is quite unpretentious in care, but there are some features that should be considered for a rich harvest of large fragrant berries:
- To prevent evaporation of moisture from the soil and drying out the roots apply mulching. To this end, you can use peat, dry leaves, sawdust, humus or straw.
- Watering must be suitable for the weather.. In cool rainy weather, additional irrigation is not required. During a drought, plants require abundant watering. In order for each bush to receive a sufficient amount of moisture, experienced farmers arrange drip irrigation systems.
- Fertilize raspberries with organic and nitrogen-mineral substances. With a lack of nutrition, the berries become smaller, their taste deteriorates.
Tadmore is more demanding on soil quality than other summer varieties. Fertilize plants according to the following scheme:
- Nitrogen fertilizers are applied twice a year - in the spring, with shoot height up to 0.15 m, and after 1.5–2 months.
- Bushes are fed with potassium during the period of ovary and berry development.
- Phosphorus is introduced in the period preceding the laying of the mother liquor, at the rate of 0.1-0.2 kg per 10 m².
- Novofert is used every 10-14 days from the beginning of the growing season until the berries ripen.
Pest and Disease Control
To prevent plant damage to diseases and pests and to combat them, such agents as Fitosporin, Zircon, Bordeaux liquid (3% solution), etc., are used during the growing season to prevent fungal, bacterial and viral diseases. Processing is repeated after harvesting from the bushes.
Important! When raspberries are affected by mycoplasma and viral diseases, it is recommended to dig and burn the bushes to prevent infection of healthy specimens.
Most common pests of the variety are weevil, spider mite, stem gall midge, raspberry beetle and raspberry fly.
Raspberry processing scheme for the prevention of infection and pest control:
- in the autumn dig a site around the bushes to destroy insect larvae;
- during the formation of buds, sprayed with tansy infusion;
- before flowering, they are treated with Karbofos, Fufan, Iskra or Confidor preparations;
- periodically loosen the soil under the bushes to a depth of 3 cm;
- thin out plants to facilitate air circulation;
- destroy weeds in a timely manner.
Preparing for the winter
In order for shrubs to winter without loss, it is necessary to properly prepare them for the onset of cold weather, and in northern regions require heat insulation.After harvesting, biennial branches are cut, annual shoots are cut to a third of the height, all leaves are removed. The soil around the bushes is loosened, filling the holes with earth.
Did you know? Among all varieties of raspberries, the largest amount of nutrients found in black raspberries, which is cultivated in the United States.
In regions with a cold winter, raspberry bushes are covered with agrofiber, spruce spruce branches, and other improvised tools will do. To do this, the shoots are bent one to the other and, having fixed in this position, are covered with material selected for shelter.
Harvesting and storage
Tadmore has large enough berries, which allows the use of mechanization to harvest. However, manual assembly is mainly used.
The integrity of the collected berries and their storage without loss of quality can be ensured if the following recommendations are followed:
- The collection must be organized in the morning, when the berry has not yet warmed up by the sun.
- In wet weather or in the presence of dew, it is better not to pick berries, as wet specimens quickly deteriorate.
- Collect only ripe berries, which are easily separated from the receptacle. When collecting with the bearing, you can significantly extend the shelf life.
- After harvesting, the berries are stored in a cool place for no more than two hours, after which they are forced to cool.
- Store raspberries without loss of quality at a temperature of 0 ... 2 ° C and air humidity of at least 90%. Tadmore, when creating optimal conditions, can be stored for up to seven days.
Tadmore is one of the new varieties of raspberries, which is becoming increasingly popular due to its excellent taste and high yield, as well as suitability for mass cultivation, while receiving good reviews from experienced gardeners. Despite the unpretentiousness and ease of care, like any other variety, Tadmore requires a set of agricultural practices, with which you can maintain plant health and get a rich harvest of fragrant berries.