Raspberry ordinary Charm: main characteristics, reviews
Raspberry is one of the most popular berry crops, cultivation of which, perhaps, is done by all domestic summer residents. Among a huge variety of berry varieties, gardeners note the raspberry ordinary Delight, which is valued for its simplicity and unpretentiousness in care, excellent winter hardiness and resistance to the most popular diseases. What else are the advantages of culture and what is the agricultural technique of its cultivation - further in the article.
Variety description Charm
Raspberry Charm is a medium-ripening berry culture, which was bred by Novosibirsk breeders as a result of crossing varieties Novosibirskaya Krupna and Turner No. 45. The variety was specially created for cultivation in the West Siberian region of the Russian Federation. It has excellent winter hardiness, medium drought resistance and heat resistance. It has a stable immunity to most diseases and parasites, but it is often affected by purple spotting.
Did you know? Raspberry berries can have a different color, ranging from yellow to dark burgundy. In addition, there are non-traditional black and white berries.
Appearance of the bush, size and type of berries, productivity
The charm forms medium-tall, with medium sprawling bushes with erect shoots, which in the second year of growth acquire a brown color. On the branches of plants, in the lower part, a small amount of soft, slightly curved, small-sized thorns of purple color is concentrated. The green mass of the plant is represented by numerous medium-sized corrugated green leaves, with notches along the edges of the leaf plate.
Raspberry blooms with small white flowers, on the site of which fairly large, weighing 3–9 g berries, are formed. Fruits have a conical shape, slightly elongated, pubescent, saturated raspberry color. Drupe of medium size, homogeneous structure, closely bonded to the peduncle. The pulp of medium-density fruits, very juicy, characterized by a pleasant sweet and sour taste and delicate aroma. The transportability of the fruit is average. According to tasters, raspberries deserve 4.7 points out of a possible five.
The variety belongs to the category of medium-yielding. For the season, gardeners collect up to 1 kg of berries from one square meter of planting, from 25 to 45 centners per hectare of the plot.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The reviews of gardeners involved in the cultivation of raspberries of the described variety indicate that the plant has several key advantages:
- unpretentiousness in care and cultivation;
- undemanding to soils;
- the possibility of cultivation in regions with a cold climate;
- good yield coefficient;
- excellent frost resistance;
- strong immunity to most ailments.
- Meanwhile, the variety has disadvantages:
- low resistance to purple spotting;
- the presence of thorns in the lower part of the shoots, which complicates the process of picking berries.
Care for raspberries The charm does not cause much difficulty for gardeners. However, to get a decent crop It is recommended to provide optimal conditions for growth and to perform a number of basic agricultural practiceswhich consist in regular watering, top dressing, pruning.
The beauty prefers a well-lit, unshaded place, with enough sunlight, which is reliably protected from drafts and cold winds.
Important! The culture does not tolerate drought, but it also negatively relates to stagnation of moisture in the soil, which can provoke decay of the root system. Therefore, it is very important to control the degree of soil moisture.
Experts advise planting bushes on nutritious, loose, breathable soils with weak or neutral acidity. You can not plant charm in areas where tomatoes, potatoes or strawberries used to grow, since these plants are affected by the same ailments as raspberries. In one place, the culture can grow up to 20 years, while the most productive age is considered to be 12 years old.
Landing and care
The best time for planting raspberries is considered to be early spring, because over the summer period the seedlings will be able to take root well and adapt to new conditions. In regions with a warm climate, you can practice autumn planting, but in this case, the plant must be sheltered for the winter.
Planting a plant can be done in two ways:
- Bushes. To do this, dig a hole measuring 40x50 cm in the soil, plant a seedling and sprinkle it with fertile soil, leaving the root neck 5-6 cm on the surface. Previously, the root system of planting material is soaked in a solution of mullein or any growth stimulator. With bush planting, the interval between plants should be about 1 m, between rows - up to 2 m.
- Trench. With this method, they dig a trench 45–50 cm deep, 50 cm wide, fill the soil with a mixture of manure, nutrient soil and superphosphates, put seedlings and sprinkle them with soil. After planting, the soil is mulched through organic materials: peat, straw, hay.
After planting seedlings, regardless of the method, the earth around the bushes must be abundantly moistened. As noted above in the description, Raspberry Charm prefers moderate watering. That is why irrigation measures are advised to be carried out regularly, focusing on drying out the top soil layer. It is especially important to provide the plant with moisture during flowering and the formation of berries. Under the conditions of hot summer, the frequency of irrigation is once a week.
Important! The plant can tolerate a short drought, but in this case the berries will be small and low-sucking.
Also, the culture requires top dressing, the productivity of which will directly depend on the application. In early spring, you need to sprinkle urea under the bushes, after which the soil is well loosened and moistened abundantly. You can replace urea with bird droppings or mullein solution. It is very important to apply fertilizer in the flowering phase of the crop. At this time, potassium-based products will be the best option. After fruiting, experts advise fertilizing the soil with superphosphates, which help prepare the plant for the upcoming wintering and lay flower stalks for the next year.
Pest and Disease Control
Variety Charm has excellent immunity to the most common diseases and pests. However, under adverse climatic conditions or improper care may be affected by purple spotting - a fungal disease that damages all parts of the plant. During the development of the fungus, the affected areas acquire a light purple color, then dry out. The bushes gradually collapse, cracks appear, and the lesion sites become red-brown. To prevent the development of the disease, it is recommended to spray them with a solution of Bordeaux fluid at the initial stage of shoot growth.
Simple agrotechnical methods help prevent the appearance of parasites and ailments:
- regular thinning of plantings, pruning of shoots;
- soil moisture control;
- systematic destruction of weeds on the site;
- loosening the soil;
- compliance with crop rotation principles.
Important! With a strong spread of fungal and viral ailments, the affected raspberry bushes must be completely cut and burned outside their area.
Raspberry Charm is characterized by the presence of medium-branched bushes, which require support for normal fruiting. As a support, experts advise using home-made trellises. Trellis is a structure consisting of vertically arranged posts, between which a wire is stretched in several tiers. Raspberry branches are attached to the wire and evenly distribute them in different directions.Such a design not only allows you to save the crop and prevent berries from falling off, but also provides the plant with unhindered air and sun
Pruning and wintering
The beauty also needs regular pruning of fruiting shoots. Immediately after planting seedlings, it is necessary to shorten all branches by 15–20 cm. Starting from the second year of culture growth, the circumcision procedure is carried out annually in early spring, before the start of the sap flow period.
During the events, shoots are shortened to a strong bud by about 8–10 cm. The tops are also trimmed by 10–14 cm, which stimulates the formation of new fruit-bearing branches. In the middle of summer, it is recommended to carry out sanitary pruning, removing dry, too weak, non-bearing or affected shoots from the bushes.
Did you know? By collecting nectar from raspberry flowers, bees increase the plant's yield by 60%, or even 100%.
Since raspberries tend to grow, then early spring should be thinning plantings: for one square meter of land you need to leave no more than 15 strong and powerful bushes.
Despite its good resistance to cold, before wintering, care should be taken to shelter raspberry bushes. So that the frost does not hurt the young shoots, it is recommended to tilt plants to each other and tie them. Bushes with too cold and snowy winters can simply be covered with agrofibre or any other breathable material. When growing crops in warm regions, there is no need to cover it for the winter.
Harvesting and transportation
Charms are medium-dense, contain a fairly high percentage of juice, and therefore are not suitable for long-term storage or transportation over long distances. The fruits are picked from the bushes as they ripen in several stages.. At the same time, it is better to carry out harvesting events in the morning or evening hours, in warm, dry weather. The bulk of the crop should be collected during the first 20 days, with an interval every other day.
Ripened berries are removed with the stem and placed in a small wooden or plastic container up to 3-4 kg. The fruits collected with the stem are better preserved and more resistant to transport.
Important! It is impossible to pour raspberries from one container into another, so the sorting of berries should be carried out immediately in the process of harvesting.
Raspberries are characterized by poor keeping quality, so it is recommended that the harvested crop be processed faster. You can leave the fruits in the refrigerator, where they can remain for 5 days.
Charm - a worthy domestic variety of raspberries, which is able to please gardeners with absolute unpretentiousness in care, ease of cultivation and high taste qualities of fruits. Like any other raspberry variety, the Charm needs moderate watering, regular top dressing and annual pruning. Providing her with these conditions, the culture will generously reward worthy crops of delicious, fragrant and extremely healthy fruits.