A new variety of early raspberries Radziyova: pros and cons
Raspberry Radziyova - a new variety that has a good presentation, as well as high taste qualities of berries. Below is a detailed description of it, as well as a number of recommendations regarding the cultivation of this variety at home.
New raspberry variety Radziyova
The variety is known since 2010, after it was entered in the register of fruit crops. He hails from Poland and is named after Mount Radziyova, which is located in the Polish Carpathians. Obtained by crossing raspberries Lyachka, Polana, Molling Promis. This work was carried out by Polish breeder Jan Danek.
Raspberry Radziyova is recommended for industrial planting on open ground, as well as in greenhouses.
The appearance of the bush
The plant grows to 1.7-1.9 m in height. Formed by fairly powerful and spreading shoots that are moderately covered with soft spikes. The foliage is three-lobed, oval, fairly wide, light green in color. The central vein is slightly bent. The variety is classified as moderately winter-hardy, which withstand temperatures up to -35 ° C.
Important! The raspberry root system in conditions of high humidity is affected by various kinds of fungal diseases, so you need to pay special attention to the moisture level.
Size and type of berries
The fruits are bright red, with a slight sheen, color. The peduncle fit tightly.
Berries of regular elongated conical shape with large and uniform drupes of 6–8 g each.
The pulp itself is quite dense, which allows you to transport the culture over a long distance. Raspberry flavor dessert, well balanced, sweet and sour.
Productivity and fruiting time
On the open ground, raspberries ripen in early June, using greenhouses to get earlier crops. Fruiting is extended and lasts until the beginning of October. About 3-4 kg of raspberries are harvested from one bush.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The variety is quite new, but it has gained considerable popularity among gardeners, due to a number of positive properties:
- high productivity;
- great taste;
- good commercial quality;
- early ripening;
- resistance to viral diseases;
- good storage and transportability;
- heat resistance.
- However, the following disadvantages are highlighted:
- a large number of spikes;
- support only;
- moderate winter hardiness;
- susceptibility to gray rot.
It is not difficult to grow raspberries of this variety; below are the basic requirements for the conditions for its growth.
Did you know? The composition of raspberries includes salicylic acid, which has an antipyretic effect.
A plot with loose, fertile, and well-moistened soil is assigned to the bushes. Preference is given to well-lit plains or slopes no more than 5 °.
It is important that the place is protected from winds and drafts.
The level of groundwater should not be higher than 1.5 m, because the root system does not tolerate excess moisture. Raspberries can be grown without a change of place for 8-10 years.
Landing and care
The planting period is determined by climate conditions: for example, in colder regions the procedure is carried out in the spring, in the south - before the onset of frost, in late September-October. Before landing, humus is calculated at a rate of 40-60 t / ha. After that, the territory is dug up to a depth of 30–35 cm.
Seedlings are placed at a distance of 2.5–3 m from each other. Deepen to the level of the root neck.
Water abundantly and regularly. After each procedure, the soil around the stands is mulched, which allows moisture to be retained in the soil. For this, sawdust and peat are used. Particular attention is paid to irrigation during flowering and fruiting.Top dressing begins in the spring, in the second year of growth. Bushes are watered with nitrogen-containing substances, for example, an aqueous solution of chicken droppings in a ratio of 1:30.
Important! Before the introduction of the active substances produce abundant watering to avoid burns of the rhizome.
Pest and Disease Control
To prevent damage to the plant by any diseases and insects, it is necessary:
- Protect rhizome from mechanical damage. Given that the culture has a superficial type of location of the roots, it is forbidden to carry out deep cultivation and digging.
- Observe crop rotation. Do not plant raspberries in the same place for more than 10 years. Return to old sites after an incident of 3-4 years.
- At the end of the harvest period, trim the bush. Sick shoots to burn, remove weed grass.
- Perform preventive spraying with copper-containing preparations. For this, a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid is suitable. If it rains after spraying, you must repeat the procedure after 10-14 days.
- Observe the agricultural technology of cultureso that the plants are not weakened.
- Use only healthy planting material. Before planting, rhizome of the seedling treated with 1% solution of copper sulfate., Then rinse with water.
- Thin out landing regularly for the purpose of its normal ventilation.
In addition, there are several advantages of using trellis:
- lower branches do not touch the ground;
- the fruits are not contaminated;
- the bush is well ventilated;
- berries are evenly lit by the sun;
- simplified nursing, as well as the harvesting process.
As the plants grow, they are fixed on the support, i.e. from the load they begin to bend.
Most often, a vertical flat trellis is used, which consists of two rows of wire fixed at different heights. For the first thread, it is 0.6–0.9 m from the ground level, for the second - 1.2–1.5 m. After this, fruit-bearing shoots are tied to them at a distance of 7–10 cm.
Did you know? Tea is made from raspberry foliage. To do this, knead it in the hands until blackening and dry it.
Pruning and wintering
The variety gives a large number of young shoots, so it needs regular pruning. This allows you to get rich harvests, avoid crushing berries, and also serves as a preventive measure against diseases and pests.
In the early spring, dry and frost-damaged branches are removed, at the same time thinning out the planting, so that the bush consists of no more than 10 shoots. The height of the remaining growth should be approximately 1.2–1.5 m.
In the fall, raspberries are cut 2-3 weeks before the onset of frost. This time, two-year-old stems, which have served their term, are cut out under the root. It is also necessary to remove all diseased and poorly developed stems.
The branches that they plan to leave for next year are shortened by 15–20 cm. After this, the plant is removed from the support, laid on the ground and sprinkled with a layer of dry foliage at least 30 cm thick. Mulch or agrofibre can also be used.
Harvesting and transportation
The event is held in dry weather, preferably in the morning. The berries are removed with your fingers, slightly turning and separating from the stem. They put the crop in 2 layers, using low plastic boxes with a capacity of 800 g each. Store raspberries at a temperature of 0 ... + 2 ° C for a week, maintaining a humidity indicator of 90–95%.
Above is a detailed description of the early ripe raspberry variety Radziyova, its pros and cons, as well as cultivation technology. Despite the fact that the variety is quite new, it has a large number of positive reviews, due to the attractive presentation of the berries and their good transportability.