Features remontant raspberries Rhino
Many people like to feast on delicious raspberries, and repairing varieties allow this to be done twice a year. In this article, you will learn all about such a representative of remont raspberries, such as the Rhino variety.
Appearance and characteristic
Rhino cultivars are quite high, reaching 1.8 m. They have strong shoots that can withstand the weight of heavy berries. Bushes practically do not have thorns. Berry ripening begins in August, and in weight they reach 14 g. It is noted that often the fruits are comparable in size to a matchbox. The color they are dark raspberry, juicy.
The fruiting period continues until frost. At an early harvest, the berries have a sweet taste, at a later one, sourness is mixed with it. Berries are transportable, elastic, suitable for any processing method. Productivity from one m² can reach 1.5 kg of fruit.
The leaves are large, dark green in color. During fruiting, they are often not even visible due to the large number of berries. Bushes tolerate frosts down to –40 ° C and are not susceptible to disease. The fruits of the described variety have a characteristic shape - a rounded tip that resembles a rhino horn.
Did you know? Russia is the world leader in raspberry cultivation: here they produce more than 200 thousand tons of fruits per year.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Rhino is a promising representative of elite varieties due to its advantages:
- practically not susceptible to disease;
- uniquely high winter hardiness;
- good drought tolerance;
- large fruits with an interesting shape;
- due to the small number of spikes, harvesting is not difficult;
- the fruits do not crumble, do not lie on the ground;
- good portability of transportation;
- high productivity of bushes;
- when growing, there is no need for garters.
- The disadvantages include:
- the bushes require a lot of sunlight, so the location of the plantings should be well thought out;
- Rhino must not be transfused, so watering should be kept under control;
- bushes for seedlings are very expensive (about 300 rubles).
Also, the Rhinoceros has disadvantages characteristic of all repair varieties - it needs a long summer, otherwise the second crop will not have time to ripen.
Repair raspberries are now very popular, and its cultivation always pays off. However, you must follow the rules of agricultural technology - you can familiarize yourself with them below.
Raspberries of the Rhino variety are planted in the soil both in spring and in the winter. Judging by the large number of reviews of gardeners, with the highest productivity, bushes bear fruit in the next season after planting in the fall. So the optimal time can be considered from the end of September to November.
However, many still prefer to plant repairing varieties in the spring - raspberries tolerate such periods well. For spring planting, the best months are April and May.
Selection of seedlings and location
Much depends on the choice of a seedling - the health and productivity of the bush, therefore, this stage should be approached especially responsibly.
Here are some tips on what to look for when choosing a seedling:
- You should take medium-thick seedlings (0.5-0.8 cm) with a pair of strong stems.
- Do not take too large bushes, as they can take root poorly.
- Well, if there are green buds at the base of the stems, it is from them that new shoots will form (the more of them, the better).
- Roots should be developed - 2-3 root shoots 10-15 cm long. Be sure to pay attention to the absence of damage and signs of decay. The root system should be slightly moist and dense.
- In autumn, usually the largest selection of seedlings in nurseries.
When choosing seedlings, you can resort to such a trick - to check whether a specimen is live, you can scratch the surface of the bark with a fingernail, which should be green.
The rhinoceros is very photophilous, so the first thing you need to pay attention to when choosing a site for landing is sufficient illumination. Nearby should not be tall structures, walls or trees. It is important to remember that in the summer months a large deciduous layer appears on trees and bushes, so it is better to plant raspberries away from them.
The site must be protected from wind and drafts. If the bushes will be grown in a greenhouse, then you need to install a good ventilation system. When airing through the door, air will flow around the lower parts of the plant, which can harm them.
Did you know? Raspberries are considered an excellent antidepressant due to the copper contained in it.
The soil at the planting site must be prepared - it must be dug up and fertilized. Raspberries love fertile and slightly acidic soil. The lower the acidity of the soil, the better for the plant.. It also does not tolerate heavy and waterlogged soils. If there is a need to reduce the acidity of the earth, then it is possible to neutralize with chalk or dolomite flour in the proportion of 2 kg per 7 m² before planting.
When preparing the soil, it is recommended to apply per m²:
- potassium sulfate - 0.2 kg;
- superphosphate - 0.2 kg;
- compost or manure - 2 buckets.
Preparing planting material
After the purchase of seedlings, if they are to be transported, they must be wrapped in a damp cloth. In no case should they be transported and stored in plastic bags, otherwise this will cause rot. Before planting, the roots of seedlings are recommended to soak in a special stimulator for 2 hours.
You can buy such a tool in any specialized store - it guarantees the survival of bushes. Before you start planting, long shoots should be cut off. Their height should be up to 40 cm. It is also better to cut off all available leaves.
The beds are best placed in the direction from north to south. The best form of planting is parallel strips with a distance of 1–1.5 m. The width of the strip should be at least 20 cm. The distance between the bushes should be 30–50 cm, since the Rhino variety does not like thickening. Too closely planted bushes can trigger the development of fungal diseases. The depth of the beds should be about 50 cm.
At the bottom of the dug holes, you need to put a layer of humus, then mineral fertilizers and a small layer of soil on top. Seedlings should be planted so that the root neck is approximately at ground level. Strong recess is not recommended. After disembarkation, the soil must be compacted. The soil around the bush should immediately be mulled - covered with sawdust, hay, manure or peat: so the moisture will not evaporate.
Watering and fertilizer
During the growing season and the formation of berries, this variety needs frequent and plentiful watering, but only in the complete absence of rainfall. Rhino does not like frequent rains, and because of this, its fruits may lose their taste characteristics. If the weather is rainy, then you can protect the landing with makeshift canopies and protective structures.
If fertilizers were applied to the soil before planting, this raspberry should be enough for a fairly long period - about two years. During this period, the plant does not need additional fertilizers. In the third year, it is already worth starting fertilizing. Rhinoceros reacts best to organic fertilizers: they must be applied from the beginning of spring to mid-summer.
The best organic fertilizers for raspberries are:
- bird droppings;
You should take 1 kg of fertilizer in a bucket of water. Such top dressing is applied in a proportion of 5 liters per m². There is often no need to carry out this procedure - it will be enough two or three times a season.
Important! In order for the Rhino bushes to regain their strength after harvesting, superphosphate (40 g per m²) must be added.
Video: rules for caring for maintenance raspberries for a large crop
Pruning should be carried out regularly - this increases the fruiting efficiency for the next season. Fertilized shoots are cut off. In the case of the Rhino variety, pruning differs from the methods used to grow ordinary raspberries.
Repairing varieties should be cut twice a year - as soon as the snow melted and before the first frost. If the bush has been fruiting for two years, it is cut completely, down to ground level. In addition to these scraps, sanitary should also be carried out regularly.
- removal of dried shoots;
- removal of excess stems so that the total number does not exceed 14 per m²;
- removal of parts of the plant affected by rot or insects.
Preparing for the winter
One of the most important advantages of Raspberry varieties is the excellent tolerance of frost. Temperatures up to –40 ° C will not harm the plant. Winter snow itself is a shelter and protection for bushes. If the winter turned out to be snowless, then the bushes can be covered with mulch or agrofibre.
Immediately before frosts, increase the number of irrigation and mulch the soil in the bushes. This will allow them to tolerate winter well and not dry out. It is important that the coating layer of the mulch does not exceed 5 cm, otherwise the roots of the plant may begin to spit, which provokes the development of infections.
Crop storage methods
In order for the berry to remain in storage for as long as possible and not lose its taste, the correct harvest is necessary first of all.
There are certain rules that should be followed when collecting raspberries Rhino:
- the fruits should be picked up with gloves and as carefully as possible to separate them from the receptacle - if the berry is crushed, then its shelf life will be significantly reduced;
- Folding raspberries is recommended in small baskets or boxes, there should be no more than 6 layers;
- The berry should never be washed in advance, this should only be done before direct consumption;
- the harvested crop must not be exposed to the sun for more than three hours, otherwise it may begin to deteriorate. If the harvest is delayed, then the already picked raspberries must be moved to a shaded room.
In the shade at a temperature of + 20 ° C, the rhino can remain fresh for up to eight hours. To extend the shelf life, you can lay the berries in two layers, cover with a thin material and refrigerate. In this form, they can stand up to 10 days. It is not recommended to store the berry in the freezer. Using the tips from our article, you can grow such a wonderful raspberry variety as Rhino, and enjoy its fruits. Have a good harvest!