Bryansk divo - a variety of large-fruited remont raspberries: planting and care, productivity
The cultivation of repairing varieties of raspberries is becoming popular among gardeners, and one of the best representatives is the large-fruited variety Bryansk divo (another name is Bryansk miracle). It can produce abundant harvests of berries in moderately warm summers and cold winters, and ripe fruits have excellent commodity characteristics. A detailed description of the variety, its characteristics, pros and cons, planting rules and recommendations for growing bushes are discussed in the article.
Obtained in 2001 by scientists from the Kozhinsky breeding center (Bryansk region, Russia) as a result of pollination of large-fruited varieties 47–18–4. The aim of the experiment was to create a new type of raspberry with large and sweet berries, capable of abundant fruiting in temperate climates. In 2006, the variety was officially patented and has since become increasingly popular among farmers.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, fruiting periods, yield
A feature of the repairing varieties of raspberries is a double fruiting during one season. But the first small portion of berries ripening on last year's left shoots weakens the bush and reduces the number of fruits during the second (main) fruiting wave, which occurs on annual branches.
Did you know? Due to the fact that raspberry flowers are lowered down, bees can collect nectar from them even in light rain.
For the variety is characterized by the following:
- The height of the bush is 1.5-1.7 m. The plant is erect and medium-sized, with powerful shoots covered with brown bark with numerous spikes of medium length.
- The leaves are large in size and have a dry, rough surface, painted dark green. The inner surface of the leaf is whitish, with a slight pubescence.
- During flowering, small white flowers bloom up to 1 cm in diameter on the bush. They form racemose inflorescences located on the edges of shoots and in the axils of the leaves.
- The variety is late ripe. The first fruits ripen in mid-summer, and the main fruiting period begins in the second half of August and lasts until mid-October.
- The yield of ripe fruits from each bush is 3.5-4 kg. Before the onset of the first frosts, about 80% of the berries reach full maturity.
- The shape of large berries is conical, and the color is bright scarlet. The ripe fruit is about 4 cm long and weighs up to 11 g.
- The pulp of the berry is of dense structure, very juicy, with a sweet and sour taste, exudes a light sweetish aroma.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Gardeners highly appreciate the Bryansk divo, leaving positive feedback about it. The view has a large number of advantages that allow it to compare favorably with ordinary raspberries.
- The advantages of this variety include:
- high productivity;
- extended fruiting period;
- the variety is suitable for cultivation in a temperate climate;
- large size and good taste of the fruit;
- lack of shedding of berries after ripening;
- good winter hardiness - plants successfully tolerate frosts to -20 ° C;
- good immunity to diseases and pests with proper care;
- the possibility of universal use of fruits;
- good heat resistance of berries;
- high responsiveness to proper care.
Important! Raspberry Bryansk divo can be used for freezing, making jams, compotes and berry juices.
- Raspberry Bryansk marvel is not without flaws:
- the presence of numerous sharp spikes on the shoots makes it difficult to harvest and care for plants;
- tendency to damage by fungal diseases in the presence of errors in care;
- low shelf life and transportability of the fruit;
- reduced sugar content of berries with a lack of lighting and watering.
Features of agricultural technology
To collect the maximum yield of large and tasty berries, you need to know the variety's requirements for growing conditions, as well as provide the bushes with proper care. Planting is carried out in a suitable place in compliance with a certain sequence of actions.
Further agricultural technology includes timely watering and top dressing, the fight against diseases and harmful insects, the presence of annual pruning of branches of the bush and its proper preparation for wintering.
For raspberries to grow well and bear fruit, it must be placed in a suitable place. A correctly selected site on which optimal conditions for crop growth are created will help protect plants from infections and pests.
The choice of a place for landing is carried out according to the following criteria:
- a sufficient amount of sunlight - for the growth of young shoots and uniform ripening of fruits;
- the presence of a fence or other structure on the north side of the site - with this arrangement, the place is well warmed up by the sun, and is also well protected from cold draft;
- good air circulation - prevents moisture congestion around the bushes, which prevents the appearance of harmful insects;
- loose soil of weak or neutral acidity - loamy soil is best suited, freely passing water and air;
- deep placement of groundwater - they should be at least 2 m from the surface so that the roots do not decay due to excess moisture;
- good predecessors - those for raspberries are onions and garlic, and planting crops after potatoes, tomatoes and strawberries is prohibited, because they can be affected by the same infections and pests.
Video: remont raspberry Bryansk divo
Landing and care
Planting varieties can be carried out in late April or mid-October. The second option is used more often, because it allows the seedling to grow stronger before the onset of cold weather, and next spring new young shoots are actively forming near the bush.
Important! It is recommended to use for planting annual raspberry seedlings with developed roots of at least 15 cm long.
To prepare a nutritious soil mixture, the soil obtained by digging a trench is mixed with such fertilizers (dosage is indicated on 1 m² of area):
- superphosphate - 70 g;
- rotted manure - 25 kg;
- potassium sulfate - 45 g.
From the resulting fertile mixture, small earthen mounds are formed at the bottom of the trench, and then the recesses are covered with any non-woven material and left them in this form until planting.
Step-by-step algorithm for planting a seedling:
- Dip the roots of a seedling in a viscous mixture of peat, clay, water and mullein.
- On the edges of the trench, vertically install slate sheets, digging it into the ground to a depth of 10-15 cm. Such a fence will prevent the growth of the shoots.
- Immerse the roots of the seedling in a trench, spreading them on the surface of the formed earthen mound. The root neck of the bush should be 3-5 cm above the surface of the soil.
- Sprinkle raspberry roots with the remaining ground. Tamp the soil with your hands in a radius of 50 cm around the trunk, forming the region of the trunk circle.
- Pour each seedling 10 liters of warm water. Install a trellis for garter plants.
- After complete absorption of moisture into the soil, the area of the trunk circle is mulched with sawdust or hay. The thickness of the mulch layer should be at least 10 cm.
Did you know? Aromatic tea can be made from raspberry leaves. To do this, they are thoroughly kneaded in the hands until the juice is released, and then dried in the oven.
Further care for the culture comes down to the following activities:
- in the absence of rain, the bushes are watered every 2-3 days, spending about 25 liters of settled water on each of them - it is recommended to pour the liquid into trenches dug at a distance of 70 cm from the bushes;
- weeds growing in rows between raspberries are pulled out every 3–7 days and carried out of the site;
- bed weeding is combined with shallow loosening of the soil to improve soil breathability and evenly absorb moisture during irrigation;
- in order to retain moisture in the soil longer and stop the active growth of weeds, after each watering, the earth around the bushes is sprinkled with compost or hay;
- all raspberry shoots located at a distance of more than 20 cm from the bush, it is recommended to destroy 1-2 times a week;
- the variety is self-fertile, therefore, does not need artificial pollination or the presence of a pollinator;
- the first fertilizer of the bushes is carried out immediately after the snow melts - 2 tablespoons are made under each plant wood ash;
- in the future, top dressing can be applied every 2 weeks - 1 liter of slurry (1 kg of manure per 10 liters of water) or a solution of bird droppings (1 tbsp. substance per 10 liters of water) is consumed per 1 bush;
- at the stage of flowering and ripening of berries, complex mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium are introduced under each bush — nitroammophoska can be used, consuming 70–80 g of substance per 1 m²;
- in August raspberries are fed again with wood ash - 1-2 tablespoons are made under each plant fly ash.
Pest and Disease Control
Subject to the recommendations for planting and care, the culture of this variety shows good immunity and is rarely affected by diseases and pests.
Important! It is recommended to irrigate raspberries Bryansk divo in the early morning or evening after sunset to reduce evaporation of moisture from the soil and prevent the occurrence of sunburn on the leaves of the plant.
But sometimes gardeners make serious mistakes when growing it, which can lead to the following problems:
- Septoria (white spotting). The infection is actively spreading with excessive irrigation and excessive thickening of plantings. In this case, light spots with a dark edging are formed on the leaves of the bush, which cause premature yellowing and dying of the green mass of the plant. To combat septoria, use a 3% claret liquid, spraying it with raspberry bushes before flowering. At the stage of ovary formation and fruit ripening, a weaker 1% solution of this substance is used.
- Purple spotting. The cause of this fungal infection may be improper watering. A sign of defeat are dark spots on the shoots and leaves of the bush. The plant stops growing and withers, and unripe fruits rot. The affected parts of the bush should be cut and burned, and the plantings should be treated with “Nitrafen” (before flowering) or with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid (before flowering or after picking the fruit).
- Anthracnose. The reason for the development of the disease is increased soil moisture in combination with cool weather. The leaves of the bush are covered with brown spots, which gradually grow on the entire surface of the leaf plate, causing it to die. The affected bush dries, and the berries do not ripen. All parts of the plant damaged by the disease must be removed and burned, and the raspberries should be sprayed with Fundazol before flowering.
- Raspberry beetle. Females of this pest lay eggs inside the buds, damaging the stalks, and the hatched larvae feed on inflorescences and young ovaries. As a result of this, the buds blacken and crumble without forming ovaries and fruits. A solution of Confidor is used against the insect by spraying raspberry bushes according to the instructions on the product packaging.
- Aphid. Insects live on the inner surface of the leaf, covering it with a sticky coating, which serves as an ideal medium for the propagation of a harmful fungus.Aphids feed on leaf sap, causing deformation of shoots, as well as yellowing and decay of the green mass of the bush. To get rid of the pest, use insecticides (for example, "Actellik").
- Ticks. These insects feed on leaf juice and weaken the plant. When damaged by a spider mite, raspberry leaves curl and dry, and as a result of the life of a raspberry mite, oily spots of light green color form on the green part of the bush. You can exterminate the tick with the help of "Nitrafen", acting in accordance with the instructions on the packaging.
- Stem gall midge. The pest larvae live under the surface of raspberry bark and feed on the fibers of the bush wood. Swollen blooms form on the damaged branches, shoots become deformed, dry and brittle, and the berries do not ripen. To get rid of the caterpillars, you need to remove all infected parts of the plant, and spray the plantings with a solution of "Karbofos" or "Actellika".
To protect raspberry bushes from the listed diseases and pests, it is recommended to perform simple preventive measures:
- to plant plants in a sunny area with good air circulation;
- adhere to the recommended landing pattern;
- observe watering and dressing schedules;
- pruning bushes in order to eliminate excessive thickening of plantings;
- regularly weed aisles and loosen the surface of the soil around the bushes;
- observe crop rotation;
- remove all plant debris from the site in autumn.
A tall bush needs to be tied to a vertical support. The variety is usually planted in straight rows, so it is convenient to use a long trellis as a support. It is constructed along the planting of raspberries immediately after planting the seedlings, driving vertical posts 0.7-1 m apart from each other into the ground. A wire is stretched horizontally between the posts (every 40 cm), to which branches of the bush are attached at a height of 1.5 m with twine or a soft rope.
- Garter raspberries to the trellis gives a number of advantages:
- maintains the shape of a bush during strong winds and rain;
- prevents cracking of branches under the weight of heavy and large fruits;
- protects berries from decay as a result of contact of the lower shoots with the ground;
- allows you to protect the fruits of the lower branches from pollution during rains;
- provides good air circulation around the bush;
- promotes uniform ripening of the crop, opening free access of sunlight to all parts of the plant;
- facilitates the harvest of ripe berries.
Did you know? The largest amount of raspberries is produced in Russia - about 200,000 tons of berries are grown here annually.
Pruning and wintering
Proper pruning of raspberries Bryansk divo improves air circulation around the bush, and is also able to significantly increase crop yields.
The procedure is carried out according to the following rules:
- immediately after planting, the young bush is shortened to a height of 35 cm;
- in the autumn after harvesting, it is recommended to completely cut off all the raspberry shoots, leaving stumps up to 3 cm high - this will increase the number and size of berries next year;
- in the spring of all grown young shoots, only 4-6 leaves are left, and the rest are removed - this will help to avoid thickened plantings and prevent shading of fruits from the sun;
- in order to stimulate the growth and fruiting of the upper branches, it is recommended to cut the lower shoots at the end of April;
- in summer, branches growing inside the bush, as well as weak and damaged processes can be additionally removed.
Important! Pruning raspberries Bryansk divo is carried out with sharpened garden tools - this allows you to make the most even and accurate cut without injuring the wood.
The Bryansk divo variety has good frost resistance, but when grown in a region with frosty winters and snow cover less than 30 cm thick, raspberries need additional shelter, which is built after the onset of the first stable cold weather.
Rules for preparing bushes for wintering:
- After harvesting and falling all the leaves, the earth around the bushes is cleaned of debris and plant debris.
- Each bush is well watered with water so that the soil is wet to a depth of at least 30 cm - moisture-saturated roots much easier to tolerate low air temperatures.
- If all the raspberry shoots are cut to the soil level in autumn, then as a shelter for the resulting hemp, it is enough to use a layer of mulch from humus or dry straw with a thickness of at least 30 cm.
- If the annual shoots are not cut, they are tied into a bundle and bent to the ground in the form of an arc, fixing the ends of the bundle on the soil surface, and then cover the branches with agrofibre.
Important! In spring, the shelter is removed immediately after the snow melts, so that the raspberry shoots do not bar and begin to grow actively.
Harvesting and transportation
The fruiting period of raspberries Bryansk diva stretched, so the berries ripen in separate portions. Remove them from the bush only after the fruits have acquired a characteristic bright red color.
Rules for the collection and storage of raspberries of this variety:
- Berries are picked as they ripen 1 time in 2-3 days.
- Harvesting is carried out in dry weather in the morning after the dew has dried or in the evening before its appearance.
- The fruits are removed from the bush with the peduncle and washed only before immediate use - this extends the shelf life of raspberries.
- Torn berries are placed in shallow dry containers with a thin layer so that the fruits that are at the bottom do not crumple.
- For storage and transportation only whole fruits with a dense and solid surface are selected.
- It is recommended to transport berries over long distances during the first 2 days after harvest, packing them in small containers of 2-3 kg.
- Fresh raspberries can be stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of about 0 ° C for 5 days.
- To increase the shelf life, the fruits can be frozen, and also used to make jams, compotes and berry juices.
Important! If the raspberry Bryansk divo did not have time to ripen before the onset of severe frost, then the shoots with berries are cut off and put in a bowl of water for ripening, placing them in a warm and well-lit room.
Productivity and marketability of raspberry fruit Bryansk divo is largely dependent on proper care of plants. Using the recommendations listed in the article on the cultivation of this crop, you can annually collect from each bush a generous crop of tasty and large fruits that are suitable for fresh consumption or for processing.
Network user reviews
Nice, beautiful variety. It tolerates hot weather, the berry becomes very sweet. However, rains negatively affect the taste.