Raspberry Red Guard - large-fruited repair: cultivation features, productivity
For lovers of large-fruited raspberries, the Red Guard variety will be an excellent solution for cultivation on the site, because in addition to high yield and excellent taste, it can boast of high adaptive qualities, without requiring increased attention from the gardener. What else is remarkable for this variety and what features of its cultivation should be known to obtain the most positive result - read in this article.
Repairing large-fruited raspberries Red Guard
Choosing the right raspberry variety for cultivation on your site, it is worthwhile to carefully study the characteristics of the plant itself, its fruits, average yield indicators and take into account the ripening period of the berries, based on which the final decision should be made regarding the appropriateness of placing a particular plant on its site.
Appearance of bushes, size and type of berries, fruiting time
The productive qualities of the variety Red Guard are largely due to the power of the plant itself. On dense upright shoots reaching a height of 1.6 m, the same large berries are formed, weighing 12-18 g each. Elongated fruits grow to 5 cm in length, reaching mass harvesting maturity around the second half of July.
Flowering plants occur at the end of June and two weeks after this, you can already try the first raspberry berries. Due to the close proximity of neighboring shoots to each other, the harvesting process becomes very easy, as it is convenient to approach the bush from any direction. Under suitable growing conditions, up to 5.5 kg of fruit can be harvested from one linear meter of plantings.
Important! In order to get the maximum yield of repairing raspberry varieties (in particular, the described Red Guard), it is better to grow bushes leaving them with 10-12 shoots per linear meter. With so many branches, the plant will definitely have enough nutrients, and it will be able to form a large crop on most of the shoots.
The taste of raspberries Red Guard - dessert. Completely ripe fruits are very fragrant, juicy and sweet, with a pronounced raspberry finish. At the same time, the pulp is characterized by high density, so that there are no significant problems with the transportation of the crop.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety Red Guard
- According to the reviews of many summer residents, raspberries of the described variety are indeed one of the most promising options for cultivation on a personal plot and there are several reasons for this at once:
- earlier onset of fruiting (in comparison with other repairing varieties grown in an annual cycle);
- high taste properties of berries and their attractive aroma;
- large-fruited (sometimes the length of raspberries reaches the values of a matchbox);
- high frost resistance (up to -30 ° C), which allows cultivating the plant not only in the middle zone of the Russian Federation, but also in the more northern regions of the country or even in Siberia;
- excellent resistance to many "raspberry" ailments, in particular fungal diseases;
- increased formation of root shoots, which makes the process of propagation of the culture on the site extremely simple.
- As for the disadvantages of the variety, they are noticeably smaller and, first of all, these are:
- increased need for formative pruning of bushes;
- the possibility of sprouting individual berries, which according to individual gardeners spoils the appearance of the fruit;
- a tendency to mass formation of the root, because the growth of raspberries in the homestead is far from interesting to everyone.
If the listed merits of the variety are more than enough for you, and the mentioned small flaws of the plant do not repel, then it is worth paying attention to the issue of proper raspberry cultivation, taking into account the requirements for the planting site and further care for the planted seedlings.
Important! To maintain order, it is necessary to regularly destroy the root shoots, thereby controlling the growth of bushes and preventing the development of possible ailments in their thickets.
The yield of raspberries of the variety Red Guard directly depends on the composition of the soil at the place of cultivation, so make sure that the substrate on the site is necessarily loose, with a high humus content and rich mineral composition.
In addition, for any raspberry, a sufficient amount of sunlight is important, which means that only choose well-warming spots of rays, at the same time protected from cold gusts of wind from the north. Waterlogged areas with a close occurrence of groundwater to the surface is the least suitable option for culture, but if there is no choice, then you will have to take care of a good drainage layer laid at the bottom of the landing pit.
If possible, you can plant raspberry seedlings a meter from the fence or farm buildings, which will serve as good protection against sudden gusts of cold wind. True, at the same time, they should be placed only on the north side and not impede the heating of the territory by sunlight. Too high buildings and houses - for these purposes is not the best solution.
Did you know? To increase the raspberry crop, plant raspberry bushes in the immediate vicinity of the apiary. By collecting nectar, bees increase the pollination rate of plants, which ultimately guarantees a 60-100% increase in yield.
Landing and care
Having chosen a suitable place for organizing a raspberry, it’s time to proceed to direct planting events, organizing holes at a distance of 0.5 m from each other and keeping 1.5 m between adjacent rows.
The ordinary layout of seedlings of this crop is considered the most profitable option., since it guarantees optimal development of the plants themselves and provides good access to shrubs when caring for them or during the harvest period. True, the possibility of a single-row planting is not excluded, because much in choosing a scheme depends on the characteristics of the site and the wishes of the gardener.
After the organization of landing pits, all further actions are carried out in accordance with the following plan:
- A drainage layer 5-10 cm thick is poured at the bottom of the landing pit, a mixture of peat, humus and fertile soil is placed on top of it, and the last is a layer of clean fertile soil, forming a small mound from it.
- A prepared raspberry seedling is placed on the surface of this hill, carefully spreading the roots (there should be no tangled or bent places).
- At the end of the procedure, the plant is gently covered with a substrate, making sure that the soil is evenly distributed between the roots. The surface of the soil can be slightly tamped and must be watered well, waiting for the complete absorption of moisture.
In areas with hot summers, it is worthwhile to additionally mulch the area around the bush using peat, straw or sawdust for this purpose.
Important! The thickness of the mulching layer should not exceed 5 cm, but even in this case it should be regularly changed while loosening the substrate to a depth of 8-10 cm.
Pest and Disease Control
Despite the good resistance of the variety to many diseases and pests of berry crops, preventive measures must not be forgotten.First of all, they include metered watering and fertilizing plantings, compliance with crop rotation requirements, and, of course, preventive spraying with a Bordeaux mixture or a weak solution of known insecticides, which is performed in early spring, before the bushes bloom.
The main enemies of raspberries are raspberry beetle, stem fly, and spider mite, and effective means of dealing with them will be "Fufanon", "Karbofos", "Karbofot." In order to destroy the wintering pest larvae, in late autumn a deep digging of the soil under the raspberry is carried out, with the obligatory destruction of all discovered plant debris and further covering the bushes with agrofiber (this procedure is performed with the advent of spring).
To eliminate and prevent re-affection with fungal ailments, a Bordeaux mixture, Fitosporin-M, and Nitrofen are often used. In case of defeat by serious viral ailments, such as root cancer, mosaic or curly leaves, the bush will have to be completely removed and burned.
Did you know? Thanks to the fruit acids present in raspberries, berries help get rid of a hangover syndrome, you only need to eat a few handfuls of these fruits.
Plants of the variety Red Guard are characterized by powerful and stable shoots, therefore, even with a plentiful amount of berries on them, they do not bend under their weight. However, in order to facilitate the task of harvesting and make the bushes as aesthetically pleasing as possible, many gardeners still use trellises installed on the north side of the bushes. True, even in this case, the support should not consist of too wide parts that can cover the plant from sunlight.
Pruning and wintering
Pruning raspberries The Red Guard is one of the most critical aspects of plant care, especially considering the tendency of the variety to increase the formation of root shoots. Proper execution of the procedure in the case of repair raspberries allows the bushes to form strong and dense branches.on which, upon further cultivation, the same large and high-quality fruits are formed.
A feature of autumn pruning is often the complete removal of shoots (to ground level), although not all gardeners agree with this decision. The well-known breeder and gardener I. V. Kazakov considers “mowing” an unacceptable procedure, especially for the territories of the middle lane and more northern regions.
When raspberries are grown in the indicated climatic zones, this type of pruning should be replaced with the spring procedure, with the removal of all weak, damaged or just extra side shoots. Only 10–12 well-developed branches are left on one bush, cutting their tops by 10–15 cm. If necessary, with the advent of autumn, repeated sanitary pruning is performed, but this time more sparing: broken and very weak branches are subject to removal.
Harvesting and transportation
Beginning in the second half of July, you can already begin the first harvest of berries, although the mass ripening of raspberries described occurs in early August. To remove the berries, it is better to choose the morning hours when the dew from the plants has already disappeared, but the berries still remain cool inside. Immediately after rain or watering, it is better not to pick them, as the berries will not be able to be stored for a long time.. On average, the fruit shelf life does not exceed two days, and this is characteristic both for the description of the variety Red Guard and for other equally well-known varietal varieties of this culture.
All actions must be carried out very carefully, without picking berries and not reducing their shelf life. Harvested crop is scattered with a thin layer in shallow boxes and carried out in cool room, with temperature values not higher than 0 ... + 2 ° C. In some cases, subject to all the rules of collection and storage, berries can lie longer than several days.For long-term storage, you will either have to freeze the crop, or process it for conservation for winter use.
It is advisable to remove from the bush only fully matured specimens, but it is desirable that they do not turn out to be overripe and too soft
Given the relatively high frost resistance of Raspberry Red Guard and its simplicity of care, with moderate labor costs, you have every chance to get a rich harvest of delicious fruits, you just have to plant a plant in your area.
Network user reviews
All the reviews that I heard are positive for this raspberry variety. This year we planted at home, let's see what we get. The Red Guard is recommended for summer residents, it multiplies well, very tasty and large. It is not suitable for the industrial cultivation of berries, more for home, garden, garden