Raspberry Polana - a repairing variety, its pros and cons
Few summer cottages do without raspberries. This berry is appreciated for its taste, delicate aroma and benefits. There are many varieties of raspberries bred by breeders from different countries. From the article you will learn about the features of planting, growing and caring for the Polish varietal specimen, popular among summer residents and gardeners, called Polana.
Features remontant raspberries varieties Polana
Variety Polana recently bred - in 1991 in Poland. To obtain it, plants of the varieties Zev and Heritage were crossed. Gardeners gave this culture other names - Polyanka, Palana, Polyana.
Before you opt for raspberry variety, you should familiarize yourself with its external description, basic characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
Did you know? The beginning of human cultivation of raspberries falls on the III century. BC e. The ancient Greeks and Romans began to grow it first. Mention of berry bushes is found in ancient manuscripts, including in the writings of Emperor Cato the Elder.
Appearance, size and type of berries, productivity
Bushes of Polana grow to 1.5 m in height. They have strong shoots, so they do not require garter. There are few thorns on the branches. The leaves are regular, grow on long stalks. The upper leaf plate is painted dark green, the bottom is white.
The described berry culture is a repair variety with a mid-early ripening period. This means that it bears fruit 2 times per season. The first time raspberries bears fruit in July. The second time the fruits appear from mid-August to early November. Their maturation occurs up to the onset of frost to –2 ° С.
The fruiting in Polana is plentiful, occurs in the first year after planting. About 5-6 kg can be removed from one bush, up to 12 tons from 1 ha. Berries are formed mainly of medium size, weighing 2.6–5 g. They are conical in shape. By color - red. Their taste is sweet and sour with a predominance of acid.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- According to the reviews of gardeners and gardeners who have already dealt with the cultivation of Polana, it differs in the following positive characteristics:
- high productivity;
- early maturity;
- long fruiting period;
- high frost resistance (up to –32 ° С);
- good transportability of the fruit;
- resistance to fungal diseases and harmful insects.
- The minuses of the variety include:
- decreased taste characteristics and a high acid content in the fruits of the second fruiting;
- medium drought tolerance.
Looking after Polana is very easy. In the description of the variety, you can often see a note that this is a variety for the lazy, since even with minimal effort on the part of man, good yields can be obtained from the bushes. However, in order to get the maximum possible yield, you should choose a good site, high-quality planting material, observe the correct planting technology and carry out regular maintenance.
Video: Raspberry varieties Polana
The place for planting raspberry bushes should be chosen exclusively sunny. Only slight partial shade is allowed for a short period of time during the day.
During the selection of a landing site you need to pay attention to the level of groundwater. They should not come closer than 1 m to the surface of the earth.
Important! When planting raspberry bushes in the shade, the berries will form small and sour.
It is better not to plant raspberries on the hills, as it will suffer from a lack of moisture.It is necessary that the site be protected from the north winds, but at the same time there is good air circulation on it.
Raspberry gives the best harvests when planting in chernozem and sandy loam soils. They should not be too acidic or too alkaline.
Landing and care
In order to successfully plant raspberry bushes, it is necessary to prepare the site. Preparation consists in thorough cleaning of plant debris and deep digging of the soil.
Landing should be planned for autumn, early October. In this case, in the summer you can already pick up the first berries. Planting raspberries in the spring is not recommended, because after the start of sap flow, the plant experiences increased stress and is worse adapted to new conditions.
Video: Features of planting and care of remont raspberries
How to choose the right seedlings
It is important to choose a quality planting material. When choosing, one should give preference to a seedling that meets the following characteristics:
- with two to four shoots;
- with three or more kidneys at the base;
- with a healthy root system.
Important! Do not buy planting stock from hand. This increases the risk of acquiring infected seedlings or cuttings of another variety. You should go to a specialized store or garden nursery for a purchase.
The roots should not be sluggish or dry. It is worth refusing to purchase planting material with rhizome packed in a plastic bag. Before planting, it is advisable to dip the root system of seedlings in a bucket of water. Leaves and shoots should be removed.
Landing technology is as follows:
- 10–12 days before planting, dig trenches 30–40 cm deep at a distance of 1.3 m from each other.
- Add humus (16–18 kg), lime (0.3 kg), wood ash (0.5 kg) per running meter.
- In the trenches at a distance of 60–70 cm, plant seedlings in the holes so that the root neck remains at ground level.
- Fill the wells with fertile soil.
- Water each plant using 5–8 L of water.
- Trim to a height of 30–40 cm.
- Mulch the soil with peat or sawdust.
In the future, regular care should be carried out. Intensive moisturizing will be required at first. Then you need to go to moderate mode. Ok if succeed organize drip irrigation. Most moisture will be needed during flowering and during droughts. During the season you will need to produce a minimum of 5-7 humidifications. The volume of moisture should be adjusted so that the earth is moistened 25-30 cm in depth. About 1–40 liters of water will need to be poured onto 1 m².
Each watering, as well as rainfall, must be combined with loosening the soil. This prevents the formation of a hard crust on the surface, which prevents the passage of moisture and oxygen to the roots.
To avoid infection with diseases and pests, weeds must be regularly removed. An important procedure for growing raspberry bushes is mulching. It allows you to save moisture, inhibit the growth of weeds and reduce the number of loosening.
Feeding plants should be in spring and autumn. Best of all, raspberry bushes respond to organic fertilizers. In the autumn, manure and compost (1 bucket / 1 bush) are suitable for feeding. In spring, bird droppings are used (1 to 10-12 with water).
Pest and Disease Control
As a rule, Polana bushes with proper planting and care are not affected by diseases and harmful insects. However, with errors during the cultivation, they can be affected by the following ailments:
- Gray rot. The main symptom is the formation of dark spots on the leaves and fruits, covering the berries with a gray fluffy coating. The fight should begin with the removal of the affected parts. They must be disposed of by burning. To prevent the development of the disease, spring bushes should be sprayed with Bordeaux fluid. With the same tool, it is necessary to treat plants in case of disease after harvest.
- Dwarfism. This is a viral disease that cannot be treated. Its main feature is the appearance of a basal shoot that does not bear fruit. To prevent the disease, timely control in the garden of pests that spread the virus should be carried out in the garden. Overgrowth should be uprooted in a timely manner.
- Anthracnose. When plants are affected by this disease, spots with a gray coating form on the leaves. All affected organs should be cut and burned. For prophylactic purposes, it is necessary in the spring to carry out treatment with copper chloride.
Bushes of Polana usually grow low, so they do not require garter. Tie them to the trellis is necessary only in rare cases.
Did you know? The largest fruits weighing 25 g bring raspberry varieties Giant. For comparison: the average weight of fruits of ordinary varieties is 2–3.5 g. Berries weighing 7 g are considered large.
Pruning and wintering
With the onset of spring in the first year of planting, all shoots should be cut, leaving the 4 strongest. This will prevent excessive thickening of the bushes and increase the number of fruits. In the future, every spring should be sanitary cuttings, removing dried plants damaged by frost and disease.
Fully shrubs, up to a height of 8 cm, are trimmed after harvest, before the winter season. It is better to do this after the first frost, so that the plant becomes more hardy and hardened.
Variety Polana is not recommended for cultivation in regions with severe winters. Therefore, he does not need to organize shelter. Snow cover will be enough for him.
Harvesting and transportation
Berries must be collected only in dry weather. An early morning harvest is not suitable due to the presence of dew on the berries. Fruits harvested in the wet state are much less stored.
Raspberries are harvested by hand when it reaches maturity, i.e., it will turn red. It is carefully removed, separating from the stem. In berries intended for transportation, leave the fruit, the stalk is separated by cutting or pinching.
The fruits of Polana are well stored and tolerate long transport without loss of taste and marketability. Harvested berries must immediately be placed in cold conditions. The less time elapses from the time of harvest to placing it in the cold, the longer it will be stored
If raspberries are planned to be consumed for two to three days, then it is simply enough to sort it out, removing copies unsuitable for storage, and place in the refrigerator, in temperature conditions +8. .. + 10 ° С. For longer storage, low temperatures will be required - from + 4 ° С to + 5 ° С. Transportation must be done in boxes at a temperature of + 10 ... + 15 ° С. To transport the berry, it should be cooled at 0 ... + 0.5 ° С for 20–40 minutes after collection.
So, now you know how to plant and grow a high-yielding red-fruited variety of raspberries Polana. Planting and caring for this varietal specimen is quite simple. The secret to obtaining abundant and high-quality yields lies in the selection of a successful plot, conducting regular abundant irrigation, periodic fertilizing and timely mulching of row-spacings.
Network user reviews
Once again, I welcome those who are not indifferent, as I already spoke about the ZEVA repair raspberries, it was decided to expand and plant 200 bushes of Polana (Polish selection) and what are the differences? Polana is raspberry with many direct shoots about 1.6 m high. The berries have the form rounded cone with small drupes. On the branches are small thorns. Raspberry branches well and forms many shoots. Polana raspberries produce medium-sized hard berries weighing up to 5 g. The color is bright red, which at the time of ripening becomes darker. Raspberries have a sour taste, with plenty of sunlight they become more sweet.During the ripening period, a sour taste remains, if by the end of the summer there are less sunny days. The berries began to ripen 2 weeks earlier than Zeva, raspberry itself is undersized 1.40 and began to bear fruit 2 weeks earlier. This variety pleased me very much, it does not need a garter, not prickly, the berry is 4-6 grams, fruiting until mid-November. The growth is much smaller, but in the first year I was pleased, I plan to completely switch to this variety, if anyone is interested, please write, I will be happy to advise you. Thank you