Zorenka Altai - traditional raspberries suitable for harsh conditions
Among the different varieties of raspberries, each gardener will choose only the most suitable options for themselves, which are ideal for growing in his region and can bring stable, rich fruit crops. For the Siberian regions of the Russian Federation, the raspberry Zorenka Altai will become such a suitable variety, and what exactly it is remarkable for and what you should know about the nuances of its cultivation to obtain the most effective result - read on.
Features of the raspberry variety Zorenka Altai
When choosing a specific cultivated plant, first of all, attention is paid to its productive characteristics and features of the appearance of the shrub itself, as the main selection criteria. It is also worth considering the cultivation sites recommended by breeders, otherwise it is impossible to guarantee the full manifestation of all the characteristics stated in the description.
Mid-late raspberry Zorenka Altai was bred at the Siberian Horticultural Research Institute and in 1990 entered the RF State Register as a good option for growing in the North-West, West-Siberian, East-Siberian, as well as the Central and Volga-Vyatka regions of the country. Currently, plants of the variety are found in other regions of Russia, where they also bring good harvests of berries.
Did you know? The useful properties of raspberries are used not only in traditional and traditional medicine. So, it is believed that a bush planted in the corner of the plot can protect from the envious glances of neighbors, and if you hang several branches above the door, they will protect all households from evil (it simply can not cross the threshold of the house).
Appearance of the bush, size and color of berries, productivity
Variety Zorenka Altai is represented by powerful, tall shrubbery plants forming sprawling bushes with green branches. Closer to autumn shoots change their color to brown, which is especially valuable when pruning plants. The spikes are mostly located at the bottom of the shoots, but there are not many. All of them are brown, short, relatively soft, with a thickened base. Branches grow at an average speed, so do not be zealous with pruning bushes.Around the second half of July, the raspberry berries of Zorenka Altai begin to ripen en masse, reaching a weight of 2.8–3.2 g. They are light red fruits with a dense surface, which is not prone to rapid loss of shape. The raspberry pulp is fragrant, with a very attractive dessert flavor and a high level of sweetness, due to which the berries deserve a high tasting score of 4.5 points. The average yield of the variety is 3 kg of rounded fruits from one bush, which can be consumed both fresh and processed for winter conservation (preserves, jams, compotes, juices).
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Like any other raspberry variety, Zorenka Altai has its advantages and disadvantages, which are definitely worth considering before planting plants on your site.
- The advantages of this varietal variety include the following characteristics:
- large fruits at the stage of their full maturity;
- high flavoring characteristics of berries;
- high indicators of frost resistance;
- the possibility of long-term transportation of the harvested crop without losing its commercial qualities;
- low tendency to shed fruits when they overripe;
- lack of need for garter shoots to support (they are not prone to drooping).
- As for the weaknesses of the variety, the main ones will be:
- the presence of thorns on the shoots, which can create inconvenience when harvesting;
- susceptibility to damage by purple spotting and raspberry beetle.
In the absence of an adequate reaction of the gardener to the problems encountered, a loss of half the berry crop is possible, which is explained by the rapid spread of ailments and pests in the area with the crop.
The requirements for agricultural techniques for growing raspberries of the Zorenka Altai variety are in many respects similar to the requirements for other varietal varieties of this crop, and include the selection of the optimal site for planting, the correct conduct of all planting measures and well-organized further care based on the timely completion of irrigation, top dressing and pruning of bushes .
Considering the different options for planting raspberry bushes of the described variety, you should pay attention only to places lit by the sun, with deep groundwater or a good drainage system that can prevent unwanted stagnation of moisture near the raspberry. In addition, the bushes do not like strong gusts of cold wind, so in the open area from the north side you will have to place some kind of protective structure, or immediately plant seedlings near the outbuildings or the fence, departing from it for about 1 m.Bean crops, garlic, onions, beets, carrots, calendula and siderata plants (for example, alfalfa, wheatgrass, vetch) will be ideal precursors for raspberries. In the latter case, using the indicated vegetation, you will not only enrich the soil with mineral compounds, but also saturate it with a large amount of nitrogen, which is very necessary for raspberries. After pepper, potatoes, tomatoes or eggplant, it is not necessary to plant a bush, since all of the listed cultures suffer from the same ailments and pests.
Important! Raspberry itself can be returned to its former place of cultivation no earlier than 3-4 years later, and even when it comes to different varieties of culture.
Landing and care
Having chosen a place suitable for planting, and having prepared a seedling of the selected raspberry variety, you can proceed to the immediate planting process, which begins with the organization of suitable holes. The optimal arrangement of seedlings of Zorenka Altai provides for the presence of a meter and a half free space between individual trenches, each 30 cm deep. The width of the seat is selected based on the size of the seedling itself, but on average it is 40-50 cm.
At the bottom of the dug landing pit, it is necessary to place a drainage layer of broken brick or expanded clay, and on top of it fill the nutrient mixture from peat, humus and, previously removed, fertile soil. The last should be clean soil so that the seedling rhizome placed on its surface does not get burns from fertilizer. All further actions are carried out according to the general plan of planting: holding the seedling, you need to carefully spread its roots and dose them with the soil mixture, evenly distributing it between the individual roots.When planting several seedlings at once, the distance between them should be about 60–70 cm, the interval between rows should be 150–180 cm. At the end of the process, it is worthwhile to compact the soil at the planting site and water the seedling well. Further irrigation is carried out as necessary, focusing on weather conditions and rainfall. On average, up to 8–10 such actions are performed in one season, using at least 3 buckets of water per adult plant. Special attention should be paid to plant nutrition.
Without a sufficient amount of nutrients, Zorenka Altai can’t bring a rich berry crop, therefore, with the advent of spring, plants are fed with nitrogen-containing compounds (for example, pouring 3-5 liters of diluted manure into a bush or introducing 80 g of urea per 1 m² of territory) at the flowering stage and fruit ripening, complex mineral fertilizers will be useful (necessarily with a high potassium content), and after harvesting you can use phosphorus-potassium compounds (sometimes by the end of the growing season gardeners give preference only to phosphorus fertilizers, which help annual shoots to plant flower stalks for the next season).Spring top dressing with the use of nitrate and urea will be equally useful, which can be applied up to mid-June, adhering to a one-time norm - 60-100 g per 1 m² of plantings.
Pest and Disease Control
General preventive measures are based on compliance with the requirements for irrigation and top dressing raspberries, as well as regular inspection of individual parts of the bush, which will help to identify and eliminate any problems in a timely manner. To protect the plants from purple spotting, in the early spring bushes are treated with copper-containing preparations, the most popular of which are Abiga-Peak, Oksikhom, Skor, Khom. In addition, one-percent Bordeaux mixture will be no less famous, and at the same time affordable, which can be reapplied when growing young crop shoots and after harvesting.
Did you know? The first raspberry garden on the territory of modern Russia appeared thanks to the decree of Yuri Dolgoruky, and its area was so large that bears and other forest residents walked freely around it.
If shoots damaged by the disease are present on the bush - do not be afraid to remove them, since almost any ailment spreads very quickly along the surface of the plant, and you risk losing more than half of the crop. This also applies to lesions with raspberry beetle. Damaging leaves and shoots, it opens the way for pathogens and fungi, so the fight against a pest begins immediately after the first signs of its activity are detected. Highly effective against pests is the drug Fitoverm, which is able to maintain its beneficial effect for three weeks.Raspberry beetle Fufanon means processing which is carried out at the end of May (during the cherry blossoming period) is considered an acceptable alternative. The dosage and method of creating any treatment solution is always indicated on the package and they should always be followed. Of the mechanical methods of eliminating the problem, preference is given to the manual collection of beetles and the removal of disease-damaged branches with their further burning, which will prevent the spread of the disease in raspberries.
Despite the raspiness of the raspberry bushes, they rarely need to use trellis, since the shoots do not go down. However, with a large number of crops, some gardeners still use the support, and in this case it is worth attaching the branches on the south side so that the structure itself does not shade them. It is also possible to divide the already frustrated shoots from the young, fixing each group from different sides.
Pruning and wintering
The next spring after planting, young raspberry bushes need to be trimmed by about 15–20 cm, thereby causing increased growth of sleeping fruit-bearing branches. Autumn pruning in this case is considered as one of the stages of preparation for the winter season and it is performed in October, when the night temperature reaches zero values. All fruiting branches, as well as shoots damaged by diseases and pests, must be removed.Annual specimens simply bend to the soil, thereby contributing to a better formation of a protective snow layer in the future. Sanitary pruning of branches can be performed in the spring, but always before the start of intense sap flow. Together with the broken parts in this case, it is worth cutting out all frozen or weak specimens, leaving no more than 10 strong stems on one plant.Anti-aging raspberry pruning is carried out with a regularity of 1 time every 2-3 years, and if it grows in one area for 15 years, you will have to transplant the plants to another place in full force (all raspberry bushes are subject to transfer).
Important! All cut shoots must be taken out of the site and burned so that they do not become a source of disease in the future. The ash obtained from burning is better not to use for fertilizing the soil, and not in the place of raspberry growth, nor in any other place of the household territory.
Harvesting and transportation
When harvesting berries of this variety, the general rules for harvesting this crop are relevant.Separate them from the stem is as carefully as possible so as not to damage or crush the surface. It is advisable to stack the crop in shallow boxes with holes for filtering, though even in this case they will have to be used as quickly as possible before they let the juice go.
The average storage time of ripped raspberries is 1-2 days, but even in this case, the fruits should be stored either in the cellar or on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. In the future, the berries of the Zorenka Altai variety will have to be processed for preservation or frozen.In the latter case, make sure that the berries are dry at the time of freezing, otherwise there is a chance that they will turn into ice porridge and completely lose their appearance. In general, according to gardeners, the described raspberry variety is well suited for growing in almost any region of Russia, and the plant's comparatively unpretentiousness in care only adds to its advantages, thanks to which the berries are very popular today.