Yellow penguin - standard repair raspberry: features
Raspberry Yellow penguin is a relatively new variety, but to this day managed to collect a lot of positive reviews. It's all about the characteristics of culture and its advantages. Further in the article you will find a description of the variety and the rules for its cultivation.
Removable standard raspberries Yellow penguin
The raspberry variety Penguin was bred in Russia in 2006. The initiator was I.V. Kazakov. Yellow penguin is a yellow fruit variety of the main variety. According to the type of maturation and growth, the hybrid belongs to the repairing standard. Read a more detailed description below.
Appearance of the bush, characteristics of berries, productivity
Bushes grow straight, up to 1.5 m high. The berries ripen round conical shape, the color of the skin and pulp is yellow. The size of one fruit varies between 4-5 g. Raspberries are dense, grows solidly on the bush, and does not fall when harvested. The taste of the crop is sour with sweet notes. The yield per 1 hectare is about 9 tons.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The Yellow Penguin variety has several advantages:
- large fruits;
- there is no or almost no overgrowth;
- high yields;
- frost resistance up to -25 ° С;
- lack of need for tying;
- keeping quality;
- resistance to diseases and parasites.
Did you know? According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, 144 thousand tons of raspberries were grown in Russia in 2014. This makes the Russian Federation the champion in industrial production of culture.
- Gardeners highlight the disadvantages of culture:
- exactingness to the composition of the soil and place of planting;
- low drought resistance compared to other varieties.
Features of agricultural technology
For the growth of bushes and subsequent fruiting, competent planting is important. The gardener should choose a site and study the technology of planting a seedling. After rooting, the bush must be regularly looked after - watered, fertilized, pruned, prepared for wintering and to fight diseases and pests.
The Yellow Penguin variety will quickly grow in a plot with fertile soil. The type of soil can be anything other than clay. Also pay attention to substrate acidity - it should be neutral or low.
When planting, avoid excessive humidity. It is optimal to plant crops where groundwater is at a level of 2 m to the surface of the earth. An excellent choice would be to plant on a small elevation, so moisture will not accumulate in the root system after precipitation.
For the development of culture, lighting is also important - the terrain should be open to sunlight, it is undesirable to allow even partial shade. Problems will not arise if you adhere to the above recommendations and plant the bushes on a hill.
Landing and care
Raspberries are planted in spring or autumn:
- in the beginning of March;
- in late September - early October.
Important! When choosing a landing time, pay attention to the weather. With prolonged frosts and predicted cooling, the landing should be postponed.
From a well-made planting depends on how quickly the bush takes root on the site. To do this, you need to follow a clear landing technology.
Plant the plants as follows:
- Dig a hole to a depth of 0.5 m; when digging, divide the earth into upper and lower equal layers.
- Mix the upper layer of earth from the pit in equal parts with compost, pour this fertile mixture into the bottom of the hole and compact.
- Pour water into the pit and wait until it is absorbed.
- Place the seedling, spread the roots.
- Fill the empty space in the hole with the earth left after digging.
- Water the plantings again.
Video: Raspberry planting in spring
For further development, plants need proper care. The variety has low resistance to drought. Watering the bushes is necessary regularly, as the soil dries. To fully saturate the plants with moisture, the soil should be soaked in water by 30 cm.
For humidification, drip irrigation can be arranged - This is the best option in hot regions where it is difficult to control the drying of the earth. At the same time, manual watering from a watering can is also acceptable. To better maintain moisture, the bush is mulched with sawdust or straw.
Top dressing plays an important role for growth and fruiting. The first fertilizer is applied 3 years after planting.The recharge scheme is as follows:
- in the early spring - urea;
- during the formation of inflorescences - compost, ash, complex top dressing;
- late fall - fresh manure.
Pest and Disease Control
The Yellow Penguin variety is highly resistant to most diseases and pests, however, with excessive moisture, fungal diseases can affect the culture. To prevent disease, the bushes are watered sparingly, but regularly. Also possible treat plantings with copper sulfate or Bordeaux fluid.
Parasites are also not very scary raspberry yellow penguin. However, in order to fully protect the plantings from pests, the bushes are periodically sprayed with insecticides. Of the acceptable culture preparations, first of all, “Aktofit” and “Lepidocide” should be distinguished. Tools are used before budding.
Important! Dilute the indicated insecticides in spraying water according to the instructions.
Raspberries A yellow penguin is propagated by cuttings. It is better to propagate the crop in early spring.
Cutting is carried out as follows:
- Cut the shoot with leafy buds up to 30 cm in length.
- Soak the lower end in the rhizome growth stimulator according to the instructions.
- Dig a hole up to 15 cm deep in a greenhouse or shaded area.
- Put the cuttings in a hole, when planting in an open area, cover with a jar.
Further, until the end of the growing season, the stalk is regularly watered and aired. By the next season, the trunk will let out new stems. At this time, the bush can be transplanted into a common raspberry.
Pruning and wintering
Raspberry bushes Yellow penguin must be pruned annually. Pruning is carried out in March. It is necessary to remove frozen and dried stems. Pruning should be done before the berries begin to tie.
The winter hardiness of the variety is up to -25 ° C. In the southern regions, culture may not be prepared for winter. In the middle lane and more northern regions, it is recommended to cut off the ground part of the raspberry bush before winter. To protect against frost, the remains of the bush should be mulched with sawdust, peat or straw. Agrofibre can also be used as a shelter.
Harvesting and transportation
The first crop ripens by June. The berries are removed gradually, as they ripen. Raspberry The yellow penguin practically does not crumble from the branches, however it is better not to leave the fruits on the branches for a long time.
Did you know? In Russian folklore, raspberries are a symbol of a good life. The symbol of a bad and unsuccessful life is viburnum.
Having studied the above rules for planting and caring for the raspberry Yellow Penguin, the gardener will successfully cope with the cultivation of crops on his site. For all the farmer’s labors, a rich and tasty harvest awaits.
Highly productive variety of remont raspberries (10-11 t / ha), characterized by an early and shortened fruiting period, resistance to major diseases and pests. Penguin's berries are large - 4 - 5 g., Rounded conical in shape, dark raspberry in color, drupe small, even. The taste is sweet and sour. The berries are dense in this remont raspberry, they are easily separated from the root, after maturation up to 5 days they can be stored on the bush without loss of quality.Bushes in the cultivar of the repairing raspberry penguin are medium-sized, straight-growing, compact. The variety is suitable for mechanized cultivation and harvesting.
The variety got its name for the standard type of bush. Strong shoots with shortened internodes, does not require additional support (bush height 1.1–1.4 meters). The variety is fruitful, one of the earliest ripening varieties. In cool 2006, the first berries ripened in early August, until mid-September, the crop is fully ripe. The berries are tasty, large 6-8 g, rounded conical shape, dark raspberry color. After ripening, they can hang on the bush for 5-6 days without rotting. The variety is suitable for creating hedges and planting in a flower bed.