Features of raspberry variety Miker
When choosing new seedlings, the gardener always pays attention to their varietal characteristics, including taste. The raspberry variety Meeker was bred by American breeders at Washington State University back in 1967 and is distinguished by its vivid taste. Plantations for growing this variety occupy half of the industrial raspberry plantations in the United States and Canada.
Features of raspberry variety Miker
The raspberry variety Meeker was imported into the country from across the ocean and today it is sold in many garden centers where you can see it not only in the photo, but also to purchase it.
This is a plant bearing fruit on two-year-old shoots. Forms vigorous bushes with strong, erect, with a large number of thorns branches and good shoot formation.
According to the description, the berries grow quite large, dark red in color, round-conical, slightly elongated. They are easily separated from shoots during harvesting and are suitable for mechanized harvesting. Their main advantage is an excellent, sweet and sour taste and a pleasant raspberry aroma.
This is a medium-late, high-yielding variety of American raspberry summer raspberries. It is grown on industrial plantations, where the yield reaches 10 tons per hectare, and is collected in a mechanized way. It can be cultivated in amateur gardens and, with proper care, give 3 kg from the bush.
Zones of frost resistance - 3 and 4 (up to -36 ° С). The variety is prone to the death of shoots, decay of the fruit and susceptible to viruses. According to gardeners, this is one of the most delicious berries of this type of fruit shrubs.
Did you know? Red raspberries are good for people with diabetes. After consuming these sweet berries, the body needs less insulin to regulate blood glucose.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Gardeners are attracted by the following characteristics of the raspberry variety Meeker:
- high productivity;
- prolonged fruiting (almost intersects with early remontant varieties);
- presentation of the fruit;
- great taste and aroma of berries;
- can be grown and harvested industrially;
- easy to breed;
- universal use of fruits (fresh, freezing and processing);
- fruits are transported and well stored;
- high winter hardiness of the plant.
- The disadvantages of the variety include:
- loose soils are necessary for its cultivation, since a dense soil structure can provoke putrefactive processes on the roots;
- a tendency to rot berries and viral lesions.
The planting and cultivation of Meeker raspberries is typical of this crop.
In the southern regions, this raspberry variety can be planted without problems in spring and autumn, but in the northern regions it is better to choose the spring period (before buds open).Plants with a closed root system can be planted throughout the growing season, but young plantings will need to be provided with sufficient moisture.
The choice of seedlings and the place of planting
Planting material should be bought at specialized nurseries or from sellers with a good reputation. You should stop your choice on specimens of medium size with a well-developed (at least 15 cm) and well-moistened root system. Plants should have 1-3 healthy strong shoots with young shoots.
Important! You should opt for seedlings without spots and thickenings on shoots and roots. Plants selected for planting should not show signs of disease or pest damage.
The site should be selected without stagnation of water and with a groundwater level not closer than 1.5 m to the surface of the ridge. The landing site should be sunny and free of drafts.In a hot sunny climate, you can choose a site with little shading. Siderats and all vegetables except solanaceous crops will be good precursors for raspberries. In the place of the former raspberry, strawberry and after blackberry raspberries should not be planted for 4 years.
This raspberry variety prefers loose fertile soils with a neutral reaction (5.5–6 pH). Acidic soils will need to be neutralized in advance with lime or dolomite flour. Light loams are best for planting. Dense clay will require the addition of sand and organics.
Preparing planting material
If you do not plan to immediately plant purchased plants, then planting material with an open root system should be placed in a nutrient substrate, for example, peat with sawdust, and monitor the level of moisture content of the substrate.
Before planting, seedlings should be inspected. Too long roots are trimmed to 35 cm, and the shoots themselves are shortened to a length of 20-30 cm. When planting in autumn, foliage is removed from raspberries.
Did you know? Raspberry yield due to the collection of nectar by bees increases by 60-100%.
Plant raspberries Meeker should be in such a way that the distance between plants in a row of 0.5 m and between rows of 2 m is maintained. Planting pits and soil are prepared several weeks before the raspberries are planted. The top layer of earth from each well is laid aside and mixed with 2 kg of humus, 60 g of superphosphate, 30 g of urea and a glass of ash. The dimensions of the pit should be 40 × 40 cm and have a depth of 50 cm.
On the day of planting, the nutritious mixture is poured into the bottom and seedlings are covered with it. In this case, it should be ensured that the raspberry root neck is at ground level. Then the plants are watered and mulched.
Watering and fertilizer
Irrigate the raspberry planting regularly to prevent the roots from drying out. At the same time, waterlogging should not be allowed and water should not fall on foliage and berries. Optimal will be drip irrigation.
To preserve soil moisture for longer, planting should be mulched. As a mulch, it is preferable to use humus, topped with straw or mowed grass. In the fall, you should do water-charging irrigation.
The first 2 years after planting, raspberries can not be fertilized. Then organic matter should be added - 1 bucket of compost, 50 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate per 1 m².
In order to stimulate the growth of shoots, in early June, it is recommended to feed with mullein or bird infusion (1:12). Under each plant, 2 liters of nutrient fluid are poured.
During flowering, raspberries can be fed with potassium monophosphate (20 g / m²). During fruiting, it is good to use an infusion of wood ash (200 g of ash per 10 l of boiling water). The solution is insisted for two days and watered with bushes. Fertilize raspberries in the indicated vegetative period can be with infusions of mullein or manure, potassium sulfate (1 tbsp. In 10 l of water).
Important! You should not get carried away with nitrogen fertilizers, causing rapid growth of the bush to the detriment of fruiting. You must always consider the fertility of the soil and the density of plantings.
Pest and Disease Control
This raspberry variety has poor resistance to the death of shoots and rot of berries, and viral diseases are possible. When fungal diseases (rot, powdery mildew) appear, drugs that contain copper are used. For example, Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate.
Diseases of viral origin are the most dangerous. At the moment, there are no effective remedies for their treatment. At the first signs of the appearance of the virus, the bush is removed from the site and disposed of in order to avoid the spread of the disease to neighboring plants. Often, insect pests act as carriers of viruses and bacteria, so it is necessary to carry out preventive actions against pests.
Raspberry bushes can be attacked by such pests:
- raspberry glass;
- stem fly;
- gall midge;
- raspberry beetle;
- kidney moth;
To combat these pests, chemical preparations such as Actellik or Karbofos are used. During flowering and fruit filling, it is recommended to use folk, harmless means - an infusion of garlic, onions, soap and tobacco solution.
To prevent the occurrence of diseases and pests, remove all plant debris in the raspberry in the fall and do a deep digging of the soil in the aisles. In spring, preventive spraying must be done. Bordeaux mixture is used for raspberry diseases, and Fufanon treatment is used for pests. It is necessary to constantly get rid of weed grass. Planting should not be thickened, as this contributes to the spread of diseases and insects.
Trimming raspberries is recommended in the spring, when it is possible to determine parts of the plant that are frozen in the winter, after which they must be removed. Shortening the shoots by 10-15 cm will stimulate the appearance of new branches for fruiting. On a bush after trimming, 12–15 strong shoots up to 1.5 m long are left. For this purpose, thin, dry and growing shoots inside the bush are cut in the spring.To stimulate the growth and fruiting of young shoots, pinching the apex should be carried out in mid-August.
Preparing for the winter
This rather tall raspberry needs to be covered for the winter. First you need to do sanitary pruning - remove dry shoots that are damaged mechanically or by diseases (pests).
Important! This procedure is carried out on the eve of frost, since at minus temperatures the branches become fragile.
Then the branches are carefully removed from the trellises and bent to the ground. In particularly cold regions, covering material (lapnik, burlap, etc.) is placed on top of the branches.
In areas with harsh winters, in addition to warming, cover with agrofiber, spruce branches or use other suitable shelter. The soil around the bushes is mulched with a layer of about 8-10 cm to protect the root system from freezing. When the temperature is set in spring above 0 ° C, the shelter is immediately removed so that the raspberry bushes do not lock up.
Harvesting and storage
The berries ripen gradually, so the harvest may stretch until the beginning of August. Fruits when grown on an industrial scale can be harvested mechanically. Harvesting is best done in the morning, after the dew has dried. It is better to use a shallow container for this, in which raspberries will be stored and transported.
These fragrant and juicy berries are good to eat fresh. Unfortunately, the fruits are not stored for a long time - up to 3 days on the shelf of the refrigerator. For longer storage, raspberries can be grated with sugar or frozen. The described variety is great for processing. Berries make excellent jam, jams, compotes, jams, jellies.
Did you know? American researchers from the Illinois Institute of Technology found that people who consume raspberries year-round (in fresh, frozen, or canned conditions) have protected themselves from Alzheimer's disease or delayed the onset of this ailment.
Miker summer raspberries produce high yields of large berries in mid-late periods. Its fruits have a universal purpose and great taste. But the plant is prone to rot and other diseases, so special attention should be paid to preventive measures.
Meeker - bears fruit on two-year-old shoots. Raspberry variety is medium late. The bush is vigorous, shoot-forming ability is average. Shoots are straight, prickly. The berries are large, slightly elongated, dark red, well separated from the receptacle. Sweet and sour berries, dessert, fragrant, with tender, juicy pulp, suitable for fresh consumption and all types of processing. The variety is susceptible to the withering away of shoots and rotting fruits, and is also susceptible to viral diseases.Economic value is high, due to the large berry intended for mechanized harvesting. It is grown on a large scale in North America and France. In Poland this is not so, due to poor frost resistance.