Raspberry Bellflower: characteristics, features of cultivation, care
Not all raspberries can be grown in short summers and harsh winters. And the Bellflower variety not only takes root in Siberia, but also gives excellent crops. From the article you will find out what kind of variety it is and how to grow it on your site.
On the creation of the Bell worked breeders of the Institute of Horticulture in Siberia. Lisavenko (Barnaul, Russia). They developed this variety as a result of selecting the best seedlings after free pollination of the Carnival variety.
The bell was tested for less than 10 years. In 1991, the variety was included in the state register and recommended its cultivation in the West Siberian region.
Over the past 30 years, this frost-resistant variety has not only spread throughout Russia, but has also gained popularity in other European and Asian countries, as well as in North America.
Description and characteristic
Campanula is a summer variety of medium maturity. This tall plant looks like a bushy tree. And the berries hanging abundantly on the branches look like red bells from afar.
- bush 1.5–2.5 m high, sprawling and dense;
- the rhizome is branched, powerful, deepens by 40 cm;
- shoots are strong, erect, young stems are green, flexible, with prickly spikes, and two-year-olds become stiff and have fewer spines;
- the leaves are green, oval, slightly pubescent;
- white flowers, 1 cm in diameter, excellent melliferous plants;
- berries are large (up to 6 g), red, conical in shape, rarely pubescent, very juicy, sweet with sourness and a bright aroma, do not crumble from the bush.
Advantages and disadvantages
The bell has pros and cons. But the positive characteristics of the variety are superior to its disadvantages.
- large fruits;
- excellent taste and presentation;
- high productivity;
- unpretentiousness in leaving and undemanding to the soil;
- lack of tendency for berries to crumble;
- resistance to purple spotting and spider mites, and in good conditions does not get sick at all.
- due to the high juice content, berries cannot lie and be transported for long distances;
- it is necessary to thin out the foliage, which greatly thickens the crown and obscures the berries;
- supports are needed for high shoots;
- afraid of drafts and waterlogging.
Important benefits of the variety are discussed in detail below.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
The bell is resistant to dry summers and without regular watering. It is easier for a plant to withstand the absence of rain than constant waterlogging and stagnation of water. This feature of the variety attracts gardeners who rarely get to their dachas.
Important! Despite drought tolerance, during flowering and ripening of berries, bushes still need more moisture than usual. Therefore, at this time, regular watering is needed.
Notable is the frost resistance of the variety. She easily survives in the conditions of the Siberian winter to -27 ° С, especially covered in snow. If the temperature drops below, then additional shelter will be needed.
Productivity and fruiting
Two-year-old shoots are fruitful. Berries ripen by mid-late July. Fruiting lasts until the end of summer. During this time, the crop can be harvested in 4-7 approaches.
During the season, 5-7 kg of raspberries can be removed from one bush. Thus, the raspberry crop yield is 10.5–12 kg / m², or 105–120 kg / ha.
There are no special features in the landing of the Bell. At the same time, the same factors are taken into account as when planting other varieties: the right time, the right place, the preparation of soil and seedlings.
The time for planting raspberry seedlings is autumn, a month before the start of frost, and spring - April. However, it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions in the region.
For example, in the southern regions, autumn planting is preferable, because spring can be early and hot, and in the autumn plants have time to take root before the onset of frost.
In areas with early autumn frosts, it is better not to risk an autumn landing. Seedlings planted in the spring will take root and strengthen well, survive the winter well and will yield an excellent harvest next year.
Choosing the right place
The health, timeliness of flowering and fruiting, as well as the quality and quantity of the crop depend on how successfully the plot for the raspberry is selected.
A place is suitable for landing if:
- from all sides illuminated by the sun, not even partially obscured by the wall of the building, fence or trees;
- protected from drafts;
- does not have close-lying groundwater - not higher than 1.5 m;
- rain and melt water do not stagnate;
- the soil is fertile and loose, with neutral acidity;
- raspberry is not a precursor.
The selected area under the raspberry should be prepared:
- clear of weeds;
- add organic matter (humus or compost);
- dig up.
Selection and preparation of planting material
The best way to get high-quality planting material is to divide the raspberry bush, and the easiest way is to dig out the root offspring.
If at the dacha there is not a single bell bush, from which you could take sprouts, you need to buy them. For purchase, it is better to contact the fruit and berry nursery. So you can be sure of the purity of the variety.
When choosing seedlings, you should pay attention to the following signs:
- roots are powerful, fibrous, branched, elastic, moist, without damage and rotten spots;
- the presence of 2–5 stems and 3 buds at the base.
The best option is seedlings with a closed root system in containers. They take root 100%, grow faster and bring a plentiful harvest
The bell is planted in the same way as other varieties:
- Dig holes 40 × 40 cm according to the number of seedlings or trenches, if there are many, 40 cm deep and wide. Planting pattern: 1–1.5 m between plants and 2–2.5 m between rows.
- Mix the dug up soil with fertilizers: humus (if not introduced during digging), wood ash, superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
- Fill the recesses with half-fertilized soil.
- Distribute seedlings in the holes, spreading their roots. If the root system is closed, then the plants are transplanted by transshipment together with an earthen lump.
- Fill with soil, compacting with your hands. The root neck should be above ground level.
- Water each bush abundantly and cover with mulch (peat, sawdust or straw).
Important! If pieces of slate are dug along the perimeter of the recess, this will prevent the growth of thickets and raspberry bush thickening.
Planting a bush in a trench is as follows:
Follow-up care includes the following activities:
- watering depends on weather conditions, infrequent, not needed in wet weather, especially necessary during the flowering and ripening of berries, water should moisten the ground by 40 cm;
- loosening is necessary after each moistening with simultaneous weeding of weeds; there is no need to loosen the mulched earth;
- feeding will be needed only after 2 years (if the soil is poor - after a year): in the spring - a solution of mullein (1:10) or chicken droppings (1:20) with the addition of nitrogen fertilizer (urea or saltpeter), in the fall - a mixture of organics with potassium phosphorus additives;
- tying to trellises is mandatory, i.e. the bushes are tall in order to prevent breakage of branches under the weight of the crop and to promote optimal lighting of bushes and berries;
- pruning of leaves (in summer), which thicken the bush and obscure the berries, slowing down their ripening, and shoots (in the fall): dry stemmed stems at a height of 5–8 cm and extra annual shoots, leaving 4–6 stems in each bush.
Harvesting and storage
Harvest ripens in the second half of July, fruiting continues until the beginning of autumn. The berries ripen quickly and amicably, so you need to remove them from the bushes on time.
For transportation, it is better to collect slightly unripe fruits. If they overripe, they will not lie. The collected berries must be stacked in small boxes with a capacity of 0.5–1 kg. It is also advised to lay raspberry layers in boxes with raspberry leaves.
So they can be stored in a cool place for up to 7 days and transported for sale. For long-term storage, berries need to be frozen or processed for jam or other preparations.
Did you know? Bees that collect nectar from raspberry flowers increase raspberry crop by 60–100%.
To prepare raspberries for the winter, you need to do the following:
- cut off dry shoots;
- water the soil abundantly and fertilize;
- put a 10-centimeter layer of mulch;
- in regions with severe winters and frosts below -27 ° C, annual shoots are bent to the ground and covered with covering material.
For reproduction, you need to choose healthy and productive bushes.
The bell can be propagated in several ways, which other varieties also propagate:
- root shoots, which in spring or autumn are separated from the uterine root and immediately planted in a permanent place;
- division of the bush during transplantation;
- cuttings that remain when pruning the bushes, after soaking in a growth stimulator, they are planted in a greenhouse or greenhouse, and a month later - in open ground;
- seeded (rare): A time-consuming process that requires certain skills.
Diseases and Pests
The bell is known for the fact that in good conditions it is practically not sick. But under adverse conditions and improper care, it can be affected by ordinary raspberry diseases and pests.
Did you know? The first raspberry garden in Kievan Rus was planted by decree of Yuri Dolgoruky. This raspberry was so huge that forest animals, for example, bears, could wander into it.
- raspberry beetle;
- raspberry aphid;
- raspberry stem fly;
- raspberry gall midge.
Methods of control and prevention - treatment with insecticides ("Fufanon", "Iskra", "Confidor", "Karbofos"). Bell is a wonderful variety: frost-resistant, unpretentious, productive and tasty. No wonder gardeners of Siberia and other regions love him.