Autumn raspberry transplant: choice of place, planting material
A raspberry transplant is a necessary operation, without which the berries are minced, and the taste is spoiled. In addition, after the autumn transplant, almost all seedlings take root. In this article, we will consider how to transplant raspberries and take care of them in the future.
Autumn Transplant Dates
The peculiarity of the work in the fall is that they must be completed before the first frost, so the dates are shifted depending on the region and the time of the onset of cold weather.
Usually transplantation is carried out from mid-September, when replacing kidneys appear on the root neck (until October 15–16). In regions with mild winters - until the beginning of November. In the northern regions, work is recommended to be completed in early September. It is not recommended to transplant varieties of early ripening and weakly resistant to frost in autumn.
Important! A little secret: do not transplant the entire raspberry tree at once. If part of the plants in the new place dies, you will still be with raspberries.
Choosing and preparing a place for a transplant
Raspberries love well-lit, sheltered from the wind areas, where a lot of snow accumulates in winter. You should not plant bushes between fruit trees - they begin the struggle for nutrients and moisture. It is recommended to take land under the raspberry along the eastern or western border with neighboring plots, forming one row.
If possible, siderates are sown in advance on the site of the future raspberry:
- legumes - clover, peas, lupine, etc .;
- cabbage - mustard, rapeseed, radish, etc .;
- cereals - rye, wheat, buckwheat, etc.
Perennial herbs are also good predecessors.
Did you know? Raspberries help people cope with depression thanks to the copper contained in it, which is part of many antidepressants.
Then you can not plant raspberries
To prevent raspberries from disappearing, consider this feature: bushes should not be planted in beds after wild strawberries and solanaceous (tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, vegetable pepper, etc.) - they suffer from the same diseases.
Transplant soil preparation
Slightly acidic or neutral soils are suitable for growing raspberries.. If the soil is alkaline, there is a risk of raspberries developing a deficiency of iron and root cancer. Wood ash, ground limestone, burnt lime, dolomite help deoxidize the soil.
Raspberry gives the best harvests on fertile light soils. Loamy need to be facilitated by pouring fine gravel or sand onto the bottom of the pit or trench. For sandstones this is not necessary.
Experienced gardeners begin preparing a new place for raspberries in late spring and early summer. The soil is fertilized with rotted manure or compost (up to 8 kg per 1 m²), phosphorus mineral fertilizer (30–40 g per 1 m²), wood ash (1 liter per 1 m²). Before starting work, the soil is dug up, loosened, all weeds are harvested.
Selection and preparation of transplant material
Only healthy, strong plants are chosen. Immediately before planting, it is recommended to dip the raspberry roots in a nutrient solution (put clay and mullein on a shovel in a bucket, fill it with 3/4 water, mix well) and immediately remove it.
Did you know? It is believed that in Russia the first raspberry was laid by the founder of Moscow - Grand Duke Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruky.
In order not to damage the root system, the bush is carefully dug up, putting the spade upright - so there is less chance of damaging the roots. They get raspberries, trying to save an earthen lump.
The bush is divided into parts, gently separating with your hands so that the earthen lump does not crumble. You can use a garden knife.Before planting, the plant is cut off, leaving 40-60 cm of the ground part. In a properly planted bush, the root neck is deepened 2-3 cm or flush with the surface.
Young shoots growing from the adnexal buds, which have grown horizontally relative to the roots of the mother bush, are called shoots. They grow next to the main plant at a distance of 30–70 cm. By autumn, the shoots reach 40–50 cm. Its root system and a stiff trunk are usually well formed.
Young shoots are transplanted in the same way as adult bushes. Before starting work, they are cut, leaving 20–25 cm. If this is not done, raspberry leaves will evaporate moisture, draining the stem. The seedling is buried by a third. The first week after planting, young plants are covered from the sun.
Raspberries are transferred to a new place in the fall in two ways - dimple and trench. In the first case, the plants are planted in separate holes, in the second - in the grooves.
Video: How to transplant raspberries
Approximately 7–10 days before transplanting, pits of 30 × 30 cm or 40 × 40 cm are prepared. 1.2–1.5 m are left between the bushes and 1 m between the rows. It is recommended to fill the soil with a fertile layer of soil. lowered into the pits, straighten the roots, fall asleep with earth, compacted and watered.
The advantage of this method is that all plants receive equal amounts of nutrients and bear fruit together. When transplanting in a trench way, raspberries are planted in rows. In this case, the plants should not obscure each other. The distance between them is 30–75 cm, between the rows - at least 2 m.
Trenches are prepared 2-3 weeks before work. Mark the area with pegs, pull the cord, dig grooves with a width and depth of about 45-50 cm. To fertilize the soil, ash is used. If the soil has not been prepared beforehand, rotted manure or compost is laid on the bottom with a layer of 10 cm, sprinkled with superphosphate on top. Nitrogen fertilizers do not contribute in the fall - they slow down rooting, making wintering difficult. If the earthen lump is destroyed and the root system is exposed, fertilizing is also not recommended - they can burn the roots, which will lead to the death of the plant.
Raspberry seedlings are lowered into the trench, gently straighten the roots, sprinkled with soil, watered and slightly compact the soil around the plants. Along the trench you can install trellises - supports, between which rows of wire are stretched. The grown bushes are tied to them. This ensures uniform lighting and good ventilation, and it becomes much easier to take care of the bushes.
Raspberry care after transplantation
Be sure to trim the raspberries before transplanting. This will increase the survival rate and will stimulate the formation of new shoots. On young seedlings, it is also recommended to remove all leaves.
A bucket of water is poured under each bush. Within three days after planting, raspberries are also sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
To prevent drying out of the soil and facilitate the growth of plants, mulching is carried out with sawdust, peat, straw (a layer of about 5 cm).
To prevent the death of seedlings, after the first frost, they are covered with a peat layer of 15–20 cm. In the spring, they remove it. Next, carry out the usual care of the bushes.
Important! After 3–4 days after the transfer to a new place, the bushes are checked for planting quality - each plant is slightly pulled. If it easily leaves the earth, it must be transplanted. If this is not done, the plant will freeze in the cold.