Repair raspberries: how to use fertilizer and care in early spring
Many gardeners are interested in how to feed maintenance raspberries in the spring. To do this, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules and features of this procedure, including the algorithm for selecting the right fertilizer. Learn more about this.
How to properly feed
As a rule, in the spring, top dressing is carried out only after complete convergence of snow, at temperatures above + 5 ° C. Fertilizers are also used in the fall, until the first serious colds. Before top dressing in early spring, it is necessary to remove all weeds around the shrub and loosen the soil 10 cm in depth so that air can flow better to the roots. You should also cut the lower shoots.
Did you know? In 2018, the Nesmeyanov family living in the city of Stavropol managed to grow the highest raspberry stalk. Plant height reached 3 m 90 cm.
It is enough to repeat the procedure three times during the growing season. So, the first feeding occurs in May, when the awakening of the kidneys is just beginning. The second - with the advent of berries in June, and the third occurs in August or early September, when the plant needs to gain strength.
Feeding raspberries in spring can be carried out both in liquid and in dry form, when the mixture or powder is simply scattered or dripped under a bush. The first method is most often used in the case of organic fertilizers. In spring, it is best to bait raspberries with mineral mixtures.
What to fertilize options
To fertilize the soil, you can choose purchased organic or mineral fertilizers, as well as use folk recipes for top dressing at home.
Most often they are used in the fall, but are suitable for spring care for raspberries. They help the plant regain strength after harvest, are easily absorbed and can increase the number of fruits in the future.
Did you know? Since raspberry flowers are pointing down, bees can collect nectar even during rainfall and produce from 1 ha to 70 kg of honey. This explains the high yield of the plant, reaching 60-100%.
The most effective include:
- Peat. It improves the structure of the soil, helps to compensate for the lack of trace elements. Compared with other species has the lowest percentage of nutrients. For fertilizer 1 m² use half a bucket.
- Compost. Fertilize raspberries with a solution should be fermented using half a bucket of 1 m². It disinfects the soil and saturates it with useful trace elements. It is made from weeds, leaves and vegetable waste.
- Manure. It makes the plant stronger, warms the roots during frosts. Use half a bucket of rotted manure per 1 m².
- Bird droppings. Saturates the soil with micronutrients. Used in liquid form. A fermented mixture is introduced under the bush. To prepare the solution, litter and water are used in a ratio of 1:20.
Thanks to the timely application of fertilizers in the spring, raspberries are sweeter, and the bush becomes more resistant to various diseases and frosts.
This type of fertilizer is well suited for feeding in the spring. It accelerates the growth of shoots, makes the plant stronger, and the yield is larger.
Superphosphate contains many raspberry-friendly elements, including potassium, magnesium and sulfur. It accelerates the growth of the bush in the spring and prevents diseases. The plant becomes stronger, gives more yield. It is recommended to use 60 g per 1 m². The mixture should be scattered around the bush.
Potassium salt also nutritious for raspberries.It is convenient to use, because bait gives an effect both in diluted and in dry form. The recommended dose is 40 g per 1 m².
Nitrogen-containing substances are also often used. Such fertilizer plays an important role in the formation of leaves in the growth phase in the spring. Thanks to its effect, the root system is strengthened, the risk of diseases is reduced.
It also positively affects the flowering of raspberries, has a complex effect on the entire bush, making it stronger and accelerating growth. However, it is worth considering that it is worth using it exclusively before fruiting.
The most effective nitrogen-containing fertilizer is considered urea. It can simply be scattered, or used in a diluted form. It can acidify the soil, and limestone is used to neutralize this effect. For 1 kg of urea, 0.8 kg of powder will be required.
Video: top dressing of repair raspberries with urea
Gardeners often resort to caring for raspberries with the help of folk remedies. They will avoid many diseases of the raspberry bush, make it stronger. In addition, this type of feeding is quite economical and is always at hand.
Most often used at home ash. It can be a worthy substitute for phosphorus-potassium fertilizer in the early period of bait. It contains no chlorine, so it does not harm the root system of the plant.
Important! Do not use ash left after burning household waste. Ashes will not only be ineffective, but can seriously harm the plant.
Use top dressing in liquid and in dry form. For the first option, you should dilute a glass of ash in 10 l of water and insist the mixture for a week. Half a bucket is used on the bush. When dry, it is enough to sprinkle 1 glass of ash per 1 m². Top the ashes should be sprinkled with earth or dry leaves.
No less effective as fertilizers are considered potato peelings. They can be added to the compost pile or stored in dried or frozen form. Using skins is very simple: you need to tuck them in the spring near the bush. Decaying, cleanings will feed raspberries all year.
Bark is used in the same way. It can be replaced by rotten thin branches. This method of feeding will provide a full range of raspberry nutrients and at the same time it will be completely harmless, since it does not have toxic elements in the composition.
Signs of improper fertilizer
When using top dressing of any kind, it is important to observe proportions, otherwise there is a risk of harming the plant.
- So, if you excessively fertilize raspberries, undesirable consequences may occur:
- decrease in growth rate;
- yellowing of leaves;
- low yield
- tasteless berries.
With an excess of potassium, leaves can curl, flowering slows down, the bush becomes weak. If you use too much phosphorus fertilizer, you can notice the blackening of the lower leaves on the bush, a decrease in growth dynamics in spring.
Important! In addition to harm to plants, one should also be wary of the harmful effects of overdose on the human body. With an excess of nitrogen fertilizers, nitrates accumulate in the fruits - they negatively affect health and can provoke a number of diseases.
When planning to grow remont raspberries in your garden, pick the right fertilizer for spring dressing. This will accelerate the growth of shrubs, improve productivity and prevent premature wilting of the plant.