Raspberry Gusar: cultivation features, productivity
Raspberry is a popular berry that is universally grown in gardens, in summer cottages and household plots. Breeders have bred many varieties of homemade raspberries. The features of growing one of them - under the name Husar - will be discussed in this article.
Raspberry simple early ripening hussar
Gusar raspberries are considered one of the best varieties produced by Russian breeder Ivan Kazakov when crossing varieties of Candy with winter-hardy plants with a strong immune system.
It can be grown in almost all regions of Russia. The variety is not remontant and early ripening. Ripening of fruits occurs in the mid-early terms: in areas with a warm climate - in early July, in the northern regions and the middle lane - in August.
Before you opt for Gusar, you should familiarize yourself with its detailed description, characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
Did you know? Raspberries were cultivated by the ancient Greeks. Knowing about the medicinal purposes of its fruits, they used them to be healthy, and from the flowers they made a remedy that saved them from snake and scorpion bites.
Appearance of the bush, characteristics of berries, productivity
The bushes of the described culture grow tall - up to 2.5 m. The branches grow straight. They are strong and powerful, can withstand any weight of berries and do not need supports. There are few spikes on them, which is comfortable when harvesting. The leaves are large, wrinkled.Fruits form in the form of cones with a blunt end. They are painted red. They are medium in size, reaching a mass of 3-4 g. But with good care and favorable growing conditions, they can gain weight in 10 g.
To taste raspberry sweet and sour. She has a pronounced pleasant fresh smell. Its flesh is characterized by density. The yield of the Gusar variety is high. From one bush per season, you can remove up to 6 kg. Gusar berries are not prone to shedding, lie for a long time and tolerate long transportations.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- According to the reviews of gardeners and gardeners who already had experience in cultivating the Gusar variety, it has many positive characteristics, namely:
- high frost resistance;
- good tolerance of droughts;
- fast growth;
- simple reproduction;
- lack of root growth;
- good resistance to diseases and harmful insects;
- the versatility of the fruit;
- good keeping and transportability of berries.
- Among the disadvantages of the variety are:
- the need for mandatory garter;
- intolerance to thaws.
Did you know? Breeders bred a raspberry variety that bears 25 g of fruit, called the Giant. For comparison: the average weight of berries of ordinary varieties is 2-3.5 g, large — 7-10 g.
Raspberry belongs to unpretentious cultures. Landing and care are not difficult even for beginner summer residents.
Raspberries will produce good crops only when planted in a sunny and sheltered from the north winds place. It does not tolerate moisture stagnation, therefore, when selecting a site for landing, one should take into account the level of groundwater occurrence.
They should not be closer than 1–1.5 m to the surface of the earth. Raspberry feels best when planted in fertilized sandy loam and loamy soil.
Landing and care
The success of raspberry cultivation largely depends on the selection of high-quality planting material. To buy a seedling, you need to go to a specialized gardening store or to a well-established nursery.
It should be understood that a hand-made purchase on the market does not guarantee to get exactly the grade that is needed, as well as healthy material.The seedling should have one shoot 40–50 cm high and 1 cm in diameter at the base. It should have a well-developed root system, it should not have rot, suspicious stains, dry patches. The optimal root length is 15 cm.
Important! You should refuse to purchase planting material, in which leaves, sluggish or dry roots, packed in a plastic bag, are fully formed.
Experts advise planting this raspberry in April or in mid-October. In autumn, planting should be carried out only in regions with a warm climate. Raspberries do not tolerate spring thaws, in which glaciation of the root system and death of the plant are possible.
Calculation of distance between bushes and aisle
The site should be prepared 10-12 days before planting. It is necessary to dig trenches at a distance of 1–1.5 m from each other and make holes in them at intervals of 0.8–1 m.
Before each planting, it is necessary to add humus, rotted manure or compost (16–18 kg / m3), lime (0.3 kg), wood ash (0.5 kg) to each well.
To properly plant seedlings, you must adhere to the following instructions:
- Place one seedling in each hole so that the root neck is at ground level.
- Fill the wells with fertile soil.
- Water each plant using 5–8 L of water.
- Mulch the soil with peat or sawdust.
Watering + top dressing
Care for raspberry bushes will require minimal - you need regular moisturizing, top dressing, cultivation, weeding, mulching.
Abundant watering is required during flowering and the formation of berries. The earth should be irrigated to a depth of 25–30 cm. The approximate amount of moisture that needs to be consumed per 1 m² is 30–40 l. During the season, it is necessary to produce 5–7 waterings, depending on weather conditions. So that the crops are high-quality and plentiful, it is worthwhile to apply fertilizers in the spring, summer and autumn.When drawing up a feeding schedule, you can use the recommendations given in the table:
|Application Period||Recommended Fertilizer|
|In the spring, after snow melts|
|At the beginning of June|
After each watering and rain, after a day, loosening should be carried out. This procedure prevents the formation of a dense crust on the soil surface, which prevents moisture and oxygen from passing freely to the roots.
Important! Fertilizing should be carried out after moisturizing. Top dressing applied to dry soil can cause a burn to the root system.
To avoid infection by diseases and pests, weed should be regularly weeded. An important procedure is also mulching. It allows you to save moisture, inhibit the growth of weeds, reduce the number of loosening and weeding.
Mulching can be done with manure, humus, peat, compost, straw, sawdust, leaves.
Pest and Disease Control
Bushes of the Hussar variety well resist mosaic pathogens, curls. They are not attacked by stem gall midge.
With errors during planting and care, plants can affect such diseases:
- Curly hair. The main symptoms are shortening, deformation and stunting of the shoots, twisting the leaves down, staining the veins on the foliage in bronze color. All bushes that are sick must be removed and disposed of by burning.
- Green mosaic. It is manifested by the formation of dark green tubercles on the leaves. Sick bushes should be destroyed. In order to prevent the disease, treatments with Fitoverm and Agravertin are required.
- Yellow mosaic. In a sick plant, the foliage turns yellow and swirls downward. Treatment and prevention of this type of mosaic are the same as in the previous case.
The greatest danger to gardening is represented by such harmful insects:
- Weevil. You can find out that a weevil has started in the garden by the presence of holes on the leaves and premature wilting of the flowers. You can get rid of the pest by spraying with Iskra and Confidor.
- Raspberry beetle. This harmful insect damages leaves and berries. To expel him from landings, they spray him with Decis.
- Raspberry moth. Moth eats leaves. If she settled in the bushes, then you can notice the larvae eating greens. The fight against this pest is carried out using the “Decis”, “Confidor”, “Iskra” treatments.
- Raspberry mosquito. The insect infects the stem and causes the plant to die. For its destruction apply spraying "Karbofos", which is produced twice.
Since raspberries Gusar grow tall bushes, they require mandatory garters to the trellis. Bushes should be tied up at regular intervals 2-3 times during the growing season.Timely and high-quality garter will prevent the branches from breaking off under the weight of the berries and let them ripen evenly.
Pruning and wintering
In order for the bushes to grow correctly, and the buds to form well, plants need to be trimmed. The first pruning is done in the spring. At this time, all dry, damaged, diseased branches are removed. Healthy shoots are cut to the first kidney.
When the bush reaches a height of 1.5 m, pinch the top. This will stimulate the growth of side shoots. At the end of fruiting, they make a radical haircut, leaving 8-10 cm above the ground.After the onset of the first frosts, the plants are covered with spruce branches, which will protect them from frosty temperatures and during thaws. In winter, you need to periodically pour a thick layer of snow.
Harvesting and transportation
Harvesting raspberry fruits should begin as soon as they reach maturity and turn red. It is important not to be late with the harvest in the summer, as the ripe berries will be unsuitable for transportation and storage.
Cleaning is done manually. The collection is planned at a time when the berries are dry. Only fruits harvested in a dry state can be stored for as long as possible.
Berries should be gently picked off by hands, separating from the stem. For fruits that will be transported in the future, you need to leave the fruit bearing, and gently pinch off the stem or cut off.
After stalling, berries should be placed in cold conditions as quickly as possible. The sooner this is done, the longer they will be stored. The raspberries that will be transported must be immediately cooled at a temperature of 0 ... + 0.5 ° C.In the refrigerator, at a temperature of + 8 ... + 10 ° С, berries can be stored for 2-3 days. In temperature conditions + 4 ... + 5 ° С, the shelf life is extended up to a week. Transportation should be carried out at a temperature of + 10 ... + 15 ° C.
Summing up, we note that the raspberry variety Gusar has won recognition among Russian summer residents and gardeners due to its high level of yield, rapid growth, delicious fruits and unpretentiousness. Even with minimal care efforts, he is able to bring a large number of delicious berries.
Network user reviews
I have a Hussar, generally the most vigorous variety. Now it is already about 2.5 meters, provided that I pinch it from 1.5 meters. already 2 times. Of course it is necessary to tie, although it is very strong. Sincerely.