Proper storage of raspberry seedlings until spring at home
Raspberries can be propagated in several ways: seedlings, seedlings, green sprouts, rooted tops, parts of the rhizome. The most common of them is annual seedlings. As a rule, they are harvested in the fall. If it was not possible to land them on the site at this time, then you can save the planting material until planting in the spring. How to do it right - read the article.
Terms of harvesting seedlings
Raspberry seedlings can be bought in specialized stores, nurseries or harvested independently. Annuals are harvested in the fall, after the end of the growing process. In the future, they can be planted both in autumn and in spring.
Did you know? It is known that raspberries with food and medicinal purposes were grown by the ancient Greeks. They ate berries for health, and used the flowers to prepare a remedy for snake and scorpion bites.
Methods for storing seedlings
The optimal time for planting raspberries is from the end of September to mid-October and in April. If for some reason the autumn planting dates were missed, then raspberry bushes cannot be planted later - they will die, because they will not have time to get stronger before the onset of frost.
In this case seedlings should be placed in a cold place for winter storage. For this purpose, a basement, a refrigerator, a glazed balcony or a loggia, a greenhouse are suitable. They can also be buried in the ground or covered with snow. Consider each of these methods in detail.
In the basement
If there is a basement, it is best to keep raspberries in it. But only if there are live roots of a light brown color. In the basement, the temperature should be maintained within the range of 0 ... + 5 ° С and humidity at the level of 70–80%. Watering planting material is not necessary.
In the basement, you can also store seedlings dug in sand, peat or coconut fiber. They can be buried one by one in the pots or all together in a large container. Inspection of plants should be done periodically. In the presence of mold, it is necessary to spray with a solution of potassium permanganate.If you purchased a seedling with a closed root system, then the basement will be an ideal place for their wintering. You just need to put them in it and water 2-3 times during the winter.
In the apartment, seedlings can be stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of 0 ... + 4 ° C. Optimum conditions are on the lower or middle shelf.
Regularly, the package must be opened and inspected the condition of the plants.
On the balcony
Plants can be stored on a glassed-in balcony, preferably on the north-facing one. With such storage, it is important to ensure that the temperature does not fall below 0 ° C, otherwise the plants may deteriorate.
Important! The main condition for storing raspberries is the lack of sunlight. Otherwise, the vegetation process may start and the plant will be depleted.
In the ground
If a winter-resistant variety was purchased for planting, then it can be buried in the ground. To do this, it is necessary to prepare a place before frost and make a depression in the soil. A prerequisite for him is the absence of moisture congestion.
Under the snow
In a similar way, you can save plants in the snow. You should dig a hole, put raspberries in the package in it, sprinkle with soil and cover with a spanbond. After falling snow cover, periodically pour a more dense layer. It should not be thinner than 15–20 cm. It is with this thickness that the optimal temperature and humidity conditions are maintained.
In the greenhouse
If there is a greenhouse in the summer cottage, then raspberries for the winter can be dug in it.To do this, place it in a previously dug trench at an angle of 30 °. Then cover with a spanbond and sprinkle with turf or soil. During the winter, you need to regularly pour a layer of snow on top.
Only high-quality planting material should be laid for storage - it must meet certain characteristics.
Important! For storage, seedlings that already have buds will not work. They do not have enough strength to survive the winter and adapt after planting.
Planting material inspection and culling
To select plants suitable for storage, it is necessary to inspect them well and leave only those that correspond to the following characteristics:
- have a smooth bark;
- the trunk under the bark is fresh, painted green;
- with undissolved kidneys;
- with a healthy, intact, well-developed root system.
To assess the condition of the plant, it must be freed from the packaging box and cellophane
Packaging depending on storage method
Depending on which storage method is selected, planting material must be packaged. So, if you plan to store it in the basement, you will need packing in a plastic bag with wet sawdust. The bag must be open so that rot does not occur.
In the refrigerator, plants should be stored wrapped in a damp cloth and perforated bag. When stored on the balcony of plants with a protected root system, they must be wrapped in covering materialfolded in several layers to prevent frostbite.
When placed under a snow shelter, each seedling is wrapped in spanbond and placed in several bags of polyethylene.
Did you know? The largest berries are brought by the Gigantic variety. They can reach a weight of 25 g, while ordinary large-fruited varieties are able to produce raspberries weighing 7-10 g.
Bookmark for storage
The main storage methods and bookmarks were discussed above. The most time-consuming of them is digging. We will dwell on the features of its conduct in more detail.
It is necessary to dig a trench from east to west with a depth of 50–70 cm and a width of 15–20 cm. The length of the ditch will depend on the number of seedlings. On the north side there should be a steep edge, on the south - a flat one.
Planting material should be placed in this trench, having previously removed all the leaves from it and keeping the roots in the water for 3-5 hours. The roots should be placed to the steep edge, the tops to the gentle. The seedlings should be dug up with soil mixed with peat and sand. It needs to be poured with a height of 20 cm, and after the first frost sets in, the planting material must be completely buried, forming a low hill on top.
With the onset of winter frosts, the remaining part above the ground will need to be sprinkled with soil, snow and covered with spruce branches. Digging up of plants stored in this way must be done immediately before planting in late March or early April.
Important! When stored by dropping, it is necessary to protect the planting material from rodents by placing baits or covering it with thorny plants.
Is it possible to buy raspberry seedlings in March
It is advisable to buy plants in spring or autumn before planting. Since the optimal time for planting raspberries is April, it is advisable to purchase them no earlier than March.
So, we examined all the main ways of storing raspberry seedlings throughout the winter. Now you do not have to worry if you do not have time with the autumn landing. When creating the right conditions, high-quality planting material is able to lie down until spring planting and is easy to root.