Ripe raspberries of the Generalissimus variety: planting, care, productivity
Repairing raspberry varieties annually give a generous harvest of large berries, and one of the best types of them is Generalissimo raspberry. The bushes are not picky in care, but bear fruit for a long period of time, and the taste and market characteristics of ripe fruits attract many gardeners. A detailed description of Generalissimus raspberries, the pros and cons of the variety, as well as the main features of its planting and cultivation are presented in this article.
Variety of large-fruited remont raspberry Generalissimus
The variety Generalissimo belongs to one of the largest-fruited raspberries, which is why it got such a sonorous name. The most generous crop can be obtained by growing this variety in the southern regions, but the bushes are capable of producing an abundant number of large fruits, even in regions with a temperate climate. The plant belongs to the repairing type and bears fruit 2 times a year, and the ripening period of the berries lasts for several months.
Did you know? Russia is the leader in raspberry cultivation - more than 200,000 tons of these fruits are harvested annually on its territory.
Appearance of the bush, characteristics of berries, productivity
Generalissimo raspberries are cultivated in small private areas and on an industrial scale, because it is characterized by its unpretentiousness to growing conditions, and ripe berries have excellent marketable characteristics.
A detailed description and characteristics of this variety are presented below:
- The bush is upright and medium-tall, its height does not exceed 1 m. The plant has a powerful main stem densely covered with sharp spikes, as well as many strong lateral processes.
- The leaves have an elongated oval shape, painted in bright green color.
- The variety is characterized by average ripening of berries. The fruiting period lasts from July to October.
- The size of each berry is from 4 to 10 cm, and the weight of each of them can reach 15 g. The fruits are very large, have an oblong shape and strong outer skin, painted in bright red color.
- The drupe pulp has a rich raspberry color. It is dense and very juicy, has a rich sweet taste with a pronounced sourness.
- The yield from each bush is 5-6 kg of fruit.
Did you know? Blackberries and raspberries belong to two different types of berries - in raspberries, the inside is hollow, and the flesh of the blackberry does not contain voids.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Many gardeners give good reviews about Generalissimo raspberries due to the fact that it has a number of important positive qualities that distinguish it from other varieties of this culture.
- The main advantages of the variety include:
- large sizes of berries;
- high productivity;
- excellent keeping quality and transportability of fruits;
- stable immunity to common diseases and pests;
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- universality of the use of fruits;
- lack of crushing raspberries after ripening;
- good winter hardiness.
- The few disadvantages of the variety include such qualities:
- the presence of sharp spikes along the entire length of the branches;
- sour taste of ripe berries;
- thermophilic bushes - this variety is not suitable for cultivation in the northern regions with cold summers.
Features of agricultural technology
Even a novice gardener can grow this variety on his site. To do this, it is enough to choose the most suitable place for the bushes, plant the plants correctly and provide them with standard care, which consists of timely watering, top dressing and pruning.
Important! When grown in regions with cool summers, the number of berries obtained from each raspberry bush decreases by about 1 kg.
In order to collect a generous harvest of Generalissimus raspberries, you need to notice the appearance of diseases or pests in time, as well as carry out a set of preventive measures to combat them. Let us consider in more detail the main subtleties of caring for this variety.
Before planting Generalissimus raspberry seedlings on a site, you need to choose the most suitable place for them correctly. Under inappropriate conditions, thermophilic bushes will bear fruit worse, and will also become more susceptible to diseases and harmful insects.
The main requirements for the site intended for the cultivation of this variety are presented below:
- location on the south side from fences or buildings - this will provide the bushes with enough solar heat and protect them from the cold north wind;
- good sun exposure - in the shade, the berries will grow smaller, and their taste will be more acidic;
- fertile and light soil - allows the roots of the plant to freely receive air, water and nutrients;
- the absence of ground water close to the soil surface - with regular flooding of the beds, the raspberry roots will rot.
Landing and care
Generalissimo raspberries can be planted in late autumn before frost or in spring before the start of the active phase of vegetation. Planting young seedlings has no features compared to other varieties of this crop and can be carried out according to one of the presented schemes:
Important! Not less than a month before planting raspberries, the soil in the selected area is cleaned of plant debris and dug, and then holes are prepared with a depth of about 0.5 m and a diameter of up to 40 cm.
A step-by-step algorithm for planting raspberries Generalissimus is described below:
- Immerse the roots of the seedling in a nutritious and thick mixture of water, fertile soil and mullein.
- Mix the earth obtained by digging the hole with 2 buckets of rotted manure, adding 1 glass of mineral fertilizers and double superphosphate. Form a knoll from the nutrient soil mixture at the bottom of the landing pit.
- Dip the roots of the seedling in the hole, spreading them on the surface of the earthen mound. The root neck should be 3-4 cm above the ground surface.
- Sprinkle the roots with earth, lightly ram it around the plants. Water each bush liberally.
- When the moisture is completely absorbed, cover the earth around the seedling with a layer of humus or peat.
Video: Raspberry planting in spring
After planting, raspberries Generalissimus needs standard care. It consists in the following activities:
- regular watering - during the entire growing season, the soil around the bushes should never completely dry out, and during irrigation it is recommended to moisten it deeply by 35–40 cm;
- shallow loosening of soil and weeding of weeds around plants - is carried out after each watering;
- mulching the soil - helps to keep the earth loose and moist longer, slows the growth of weed grass;
- with the beginning of the active growth period in spring, Generalissimus raspberries are fertilized with poultry infusion (1 kg of substance per 10 liters of water) diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10;
- the second feeding is carried out after 2 weeks, watering the plantings with a solution of 10 l of water, 40 g of potassium salt, 30 g of ammonium nitrate and 60 g of superphosphate;
- during flowering, the bushes are watered with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus, or with an ash solution (1 glass of powder per 10 liters of water);
- Before fruiting, a nitrophosque solution (45 g of fertilizer per 10 l of water) is introduced under each plant.
If in autumn the shoots of raspberry Generalissimo are pruned to the root, then the bushes do not need additional fertilizer on the eve of winter.
Did you know? Tea can be made from raspberry leaves.To do this, they are ground in hands until the juice is released, and then dried at high temperature in the oven.
Pest and Disease Control
Subject to all the above recommendations for planting and growing plants, the variety Generalissimus is rarely affected by diseases and pests. But sometimes the gardener makes mistakes in caring for the bushes, which may lead to such problems:
- Purple spotting. The disease develops in conditions of high humidity, and its main symptom is light purple spots on the shoots. In the future, they acquire a brown color, the branches of the plant become brittle and stop growing, and the crop yield decreases. To combat this disease, a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid is used, spraying the plantings before and after flowering, as well as on the eve of winter.
- Anthracnose. Small gray spots appear on raspberry leaves with a characteristic purple rim. As the infection spreads, the area of these spots increases, the leaves curl and fall prematurely, and the berries become deformed and blacken. You can cope with the infection by spraying the bushes with 1% Bordeaux fluid.
- Aphid. Insects are placed on the lower surface of the leaf plate of plants and suck out the juice from them. As a result of the life of the pest, the surface of the bush is covered with a sticky coating, which serves as an ideal medium for the propagation of a harmful fungus. Raspberries stop growing, its leaves dry out, and the fruits do not ripen. Insecticides are used against aphids (for example, “Karbofos”).
- Spider mite. This small insect actively reproduces in hot and dry weather in the conditions of excessive thickening of plantings. The tick sucks the juice from the leaves and wraps them in a thin cobweb. The green mass of the bush acquires a marble color and falls, and the bush dries completely. You can exterminate pests with the help of acaricides (for example, "Phosphamide").
To prevent the occurrence of the listed diseases and pests, it is recommended to take simple preventive measures:
- comply with the recommended scheme for planting seedlings;
- eliminate weeds in a timely manner;
- observe the schedule of watering and top dressing;
- to loosen the earth around bushes;
- pruning, removing excess and diseased plant stems.
Did you know? From the point of view of botany, raspberry berry is an accumulation of small fruits with seeds, which are fused with each other, so in the scientific literature it is called multi-shoot.
If raspberry Generalissimus is planted in rows, it is recommended to install trellises along them for garter bushes. Under the weight of large berries, shoots can sink to the very ground, as a result of which the fruits get dirty, and the branches often break. The trellis supports all parts of the bush in an upright position and provides uniform illumination of the fruit, which has a beneficial effect on the maturity of the crop.
The basic rules for using trellis when growing Generalissimo raspberries are listed below:
- the design is placed near raspberries immediately after planting seedlings;
- along a series of bushes, columns up to 1.5 m high are installed at a distance of 5-10 m from each other - they serve as a support;
- a wire or reinforced twine is pulled between the posts - bush branches can be tied to it in the future;
- neighboring shoots are neatly fixed on the trellis using twine, directing them in opposite directions at a distance of about 10 cm from each other.
Pruning and wintering
Pruning a bush has a beneficial effect on the yield of this variety. It is produced in spring and autumn after collecting the last portion of ripe berries.
Important! Spring pruning of raspberry bush should be carried out in sunny and dry weather using a sharpened knife or pruning shears.
In this case, you must adhere to such recommendations:
- in October, all shoots are completely cut off at ground level - this will help increase the number of ripe fruits next year by 25–35%;
- with the onset of spring, new fruit branches will form on the site of the cut stems - no more than 5–7 main shoots are left for 1 bush, and excess ones are cut;
- the length of the second-order branches is slightly shortened in the spring, removing the knots growing inside the bush;
- in summer, all main shoots are pruned by 15–20 cm.
Raspberry Generalissimus is characterized by moderate frost resistance, so it is recommended to cover plants for the winter.The basic rules for carrying out this procedure are as follows:
- before sheltering a raspberry tree for the winter, it should be abundantly watered with water - the moisture-saturated roots will be stronger and will better tolerate wintering;
- winter shelter is recommended to be built immediately after falling leaves, but before the first snowfall;
- the soil around the bushes is covered with a layer of mulch from peat, compost or straw - to protect the roots from frost, the thickness of this layer should be 5-10 cm;
- if this region is characterized by frosty winters with little snow cover, then raspberries are additionally covered with a layer of non-woven material (spunbond or lutrasil) on top, reliably fixing it at the surface of the earth;
- in spring, the bushes are freed from shelter after the snow melts.
Harvesting and transportation
Ripe berries should be removed from the bush in portions as they ripen. Harvesting is carried out in dry weather. Fruits are carefully separated from the fruit, and then folded in a thin layer into shallow clean containers.
Raspberry Generalissimo is easily separated from the receptacle, without changing the original shape. Dense berries perfectly transport transportation over long distances, and can also be used for culinary processing and freezing. Fresh raspberries Generalissimus can be stored in the refrigerator for 5-7 days.
Important! During the manual harvest of raspberries, Generalissimus is recommended to wear gloves so as not to injure his hands on sharp spikes on the shoots.
The variety Generalissimus combines excellent productivity and ease of cultivation, and its bushes do not require specific care. Following these recommendations, you can get from each plant a plentiful crop of large and tasty berries that are suitable for fresh consumption and for preparing a variety of dishes.