When the gooseberry begins to bear fruit after planting seedlings, how many gooseberry bush live
Gooseberry - a bush of the gooseberry family of the genus Currant. Already from the XI century. It was widely distributed in the territory of Kievan Rus. Gooseberries have a lot of useful properties and are successfully used in folk medicine. The plant is unpretentious in planting and care, while it is a long-liver and extremely fruitful. Consider how long the gooseberry can bear fruit, and what it affects.
When the gooseberry bush begins to bear fruit after planting: what it depends on
Gooseberry bush comes into fruition 2-3 years after rooting. After 6-8 years, it is time for complete fruiting. From one bush usually collect from 10 to 20 kg of berries. With proper care and compliance with the rules of agricultural technology, the culture actively yields a crop of up to 15–20 years.
Important! Gooseberries are the only culture whose fruits can even be used green. Their beneficial properties are the same as those of ripe berries.
Depending on grade
Gooseberry varieties are divided by origin:
- European - characterized by large fruits with excellent taste, they do not have frost resistance, poor tolerance of drought and are easily damaged by powdery mildew. The branches are covered with many thorns. Poorly grafted. Represented by such varieties as Venus, Date, Industry, English yellow, English green, Brazilian barrel, etc.
- American - have small fruits, covered with a wax coating, with low taste. The plant is frost-resistant, has immunity to powdery mildew. There are few thorns on the branches. Well propagated by cuttings. The American group includes varieties: Oregon, Houghton, Curry.
- Hybrid group of varieties - occurred as a result of crossing European and American varieties. Plants have the positive qualities of the first two groups: winter hardiness, early maturity, lack of thorns, large berry sizes, excellent taste characteristics and the ability to propagate by cuttings. These are such varieties as Yubilyar, Naughty, Sadko, Donetsk firstborn, etc.
Berries of all European varieties are large in size and have excellent taste, however, they begin to bear fruit 3-4 years after planting and have very prickly branches.
Varieties of American origin have the worst taste of berries and their small size, however, as a rule, they enter fruiting already in the second year after planting.In the 80s of the XX century. new goatless varieties of gooseberries, such as the Northern Captain, Rodnik and Venets, which began to bear fruit already in the second year after planting, were bred. At the same time, the berries have a good taste and large size.
Did you know? Powdery mildew brought from America was the cause of the death of almost all gooseberry plantings in Europe at the beginning of the 20th century.
Growth conditions: place, care
Despite the fact that gooseberries are unpretentious plants that can tolerate frosts and heat, To get the crop as quickly and in good quality as possible, you need to know some of its features:
- Gooseberries love well-lit areas. In the shade, its fruits are crushed and lose their taste. You must also choose a calm place on a plain or hill.
- The root system of the plant is fibrous and does not tolerate flooding by groundwater. If the groundwater lies less than 1 m near the surface of the earth, this can lead to decay of the root system or root bud of growth.
- The soil should be fertile, not acidic, light or medium loamy.
- When planting bushes, it is necessary to ensure that the distance between the plants is at least 2 m, then they will not obscure each other during growth, and their root system underground will not touch and interfere with development.
- It is best to plant a plant in mid-September-early October, so that it has time to adapt to winter, and with the advent of spring, begin active vegetation.
- When rooting a seedling, the planting hole must be equipped with a drainage system in the form of expanded clay or broken brick, as well as a bucket of humus, 20 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium sulfate (or 300 g of ash).
- In the spring, the bush is fed with nitrogen fertilizers (dilute 1 matchbox of ammonium nitrate in 1 bucket of water) for the active growth of green mass and shoots. After three years of age, fertilizers should be applied every 3-4 years.
- The earth must be loosened shallow and weed away from the weeds throughout the season. So the root system has the ability to receive oxygen and quickly saturated with fertilizers and moisture.
- For irrigation around the plant, grooves are equipped where water is supplied at the rate of 3-4 buckets per bush. To retain moisture longer, the trunk circle is mulched with peat or sawdust. In spring and autumn, the plants are treated from diseases and pests with a solution of Bordeaux liquid, vitriol, Actellic or Fundazol.
- In the fall, sanitary and forming pruning of branches is also carried out, followed by processing of the slices with garden var.
Video: Planting and caring for gooseberries
It should be noted that when growing the bush in adverse conditions, it most likely will not die, because it has very good immunity and adaptability to the environment, however, fruiting in this case will come much later than those plants that are grown in compliance all the rules of agricultural technology.
Important! In winter, with the advent of very severe frosts (-30 ° C), gooseberry bushes are insulated with pine spruce and agrofibre.
Entry into fruiting: dates
The entry into the fruiting of gooseberries depends on its variety, growing conditions (climate, soil, lighting) and care. The timing of entry into the fruiting stage may also vary under the influence of situational weather conditions. As early as possible begin to bear fruit American and hybrid bearingless varieties (dessert), such as the North captain, African, Malachite, Grushenka. These varieties begin to produce crops already in the second year after the rooting of seedlings.
Mostly gooseberries begin to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting. The time of entry into maximum fruiting is 6–8 years after planting a bush.
How much does the gooseberry bush live and bear fruit
Under favorable soil and climatic conditions, as well as proper care, the gooseberry bush lives up to 18–20 years. How much a plant lives, how much it bears fruit. From one bush, an average of 5-15 kg of berries is harvested. Starting from the age of seven, old branches, which are usually black, are removed under the root. Instead, they leave fresh shoots. Thus, the old branches are replaced with new ones - rejuvenation of the bush.
Did you know? Gooseberries contain more iron than an apple.
Gooseberries are perennial unpretentious plants. However, in order to get a good early harvest, it is necessary to create the most favorable conditions for the culture and follow the rules of agricultural technology.