Growing sheep without walking at home
In many countries, sheep farming is becoming a popular activity. Such a hobby cannot be called easy and simple. It will be quite difficult for a novice farmer to gather his thoughts and correctly think through all the nuances regarding the care, maintenance and breeding of sheep.
How to raise sheep without walking
Many argue that sheep should be grown in open air and open space. Grazing is the only option for their nutrition. This is far from the case, because with the help of a properly equipped stall or an entire shepherd you can also achieve a good result.
First of all, it is worth deciding on several points:
- how much livestock will be kept;
- choose the best breed option;
- calculate the amount of feed prepared;
- offspring speed.
Important! A typical average sheep eats about 2 kg of dry hay per day.
Depending on which breed is selected, the entrepreneur will receive benefits. Basically, species with high productivity of wool, milk and meat are selected. Modern technology and science have allowed breeding and growing breeds that grow very quickly.
In order for the animal to grow indoors, you just need to constantly monitor its nutrition. This is quite easy to do, because a preliminary calculation of the amount of hay for a certain period will help to avoid unpleasant situations during the maintenance period. For a sheep to grow and not need anything, only one condition is necessary - to properly equip a shed or canopy for their joint holding, and also there must be a mowed pasture grass in the diet.
Often used such a phrase as "herd instinct." This is indeed so, because sheep often have whole flocks, since the animal will not be able to get anywhere on its own because of its forgetfulness. The room in which the sheep should be located must be correctly sized.
Based on the situation and allowing conditions, there are four options for keeping sheep:
- grazing land
- pasture stall;
The stall option is often used by those farmers who are limited in space. The presence of a sufficient amount of feed will also allow to fully grow any livestock.
Important! For a comfortable stay in the barn, one sheep should provide 3 m².
Depending on the age, the sheep needs special care. Perhaps the most whimsical to care for is young growth. It is this period that is dangerous for the animal with various diseases. Such animals cannot tolerate drafts and dampness, because they immediately begin to hurt. To avoid this is quite possible if you initially take care of the correct arrangement of the corral. The stall must be clean and warm.
For adults, clean fresh air plays an important role, so barn planning should be appropriate. Keeping sheep in the stall is a bit difficult, because they need constant care and attention.
You also need to distinguish between adult rams, single and coy females. The diet of their food must be balanced and stable. A sharp change of grass to dry hay or vice versa will adversely affect their health.
Did you know? Sheep gestation — 152 days. Usually one or two lambs are born. In special breeds, up to 4 individuals can be born at a time.
After the birth of the lamb, it should be left with his mother for at least 3-4 months. This is very important because it is during this period that the young organism is vulnerable to viruses and bacteria. If weaned sooner, then this may affect their health.
You can prevent this outcome, for this it is worth remembering three things that will indicate possible diseases of young animals:
- the appearance of weakness and lethargy in individuals;
- poor appetite;
- the presence of an unpleasant odor in the room where they are located.
Important! In winter, a lamb that is weaned from the uterus necessarily requires special care and care, as well as a constant temperature in the room.
Advantages and disadvantages of stall maintenance
Each variety of sheep has its own disadvantages and advantages.
- If we consider the stall content in more detail, then its disadvantages include:
- Additional waste for the purchase of feed. If a sheep is constantly in an enclosed space, not in a pasture, then, naturally, she needs a constant full-fledged diet.
- Monotony. During grazing animals on pastures, they constantly move, which means they are active.
- The appearance of obesity. If the pet is limited in movement, then a layer of fat may form in it, which will certainly affect the quality of the meat - it will ruin the smell.
- The state of animal hooves is getting worse.
- Individuals who do not walk regularly lose their activity and appetite.
- In addition to the disadvantages, there are also a number of advantages:
- A complete diet, constantly monitored by the host. A balanced diet will eliminate ruined additives, poor-quality feed, etc.
- The quality of the meat is much higher. The ram will soon gain the necessary weight, because it will practically not move. Lamb, therefore, will be juicy and tender when cooked.
- Pets at a stall are healthy, since they are practically not infected with helminths, ectoparasites, etc.
- Practicality in terms of unpredictable weather conditions and cataclysms.
- The ability to cut clean and high-quality wool.
Important! To keep the sheep as economical and fruitful as possible, you need to combine the stall and pasture options together.
Equipment koshary (shepherd) for stall maintenance
If at first glance arranging a nightmare seems easy, then this is far from the case. In the work process, it is necessary to take into account several facts that will make sheep feel comfortable. First of all, it is necessary to raise the floor above the ground by at least 20 cm and completely cover up all the cracks that could create a draft. Only in such a room will the animal feel good. The optimal microclimate for adults is + 8 ° C, for ewes - + 17 ° C.
In the room where the flock will be located, an unpleasant smell will certainly form, overflowing with ammonia, as well as hydrogen sulfide. For this, all stalls are equipped with forced-air and exhaust ventilation. Equally important is lighting. Best of all are a few windows for daylight. At night, fluorescent lamps and fixtures are used. The water in the drinkers should be constantly, as this is very important. A layer of straw is laid on the floor of the nightmare.
Video: Shepherd device
Such methods allow you to:
- create optimal living conditions for sheep;
- maintain their health;
- to certainly benefit from the content.
Important! The daily rate of water consumption for one individual is within 10 liters. Water is required.
Equipment of a covered canopy over a manger (feeding trough) in a pen
Sheep farms are built with the obligatory presence of a canopy. Such an accessory is required, as it will protect the livestock as much as possible in adverse weather.Also, with the help of such a device, the feed will always be dry and clean, and this is very important for such individuals.
Sheep preparation for stall: what to consider
Stall maintenance is the cultivation of rams at home, in specialized shepherds or nightmares. Depending on what kind of livestock will be in the pen, special kosharas (for animals of a separate group) or general koshars are built (for different sex and age individuals). Before growing in stall conditions, you need to take care of some points.
First of all, a veterinary examination of each individual should be completely carried out. It is necessary to carry out deworming. Such procedures are very important because the state of livestock health is determined. Experienced sheep farmers also monitor the condition of the hooves. Shepherds are equipped with nursery feeders of a certain size so that each individual has access to food.
Important! The size of the feeder should be at least 25 linear cm for an adult animal and about 15 linear cm for a lamb.
Sheep breeds suitable for stall keeping
Not all breeds are suitable for the stall type of sheep keeping. In order for the animal to feel comfortable in an enclosed space, it is necessary to become familiar with the features of each species in detail.
There are several breeds of sheep for which the method of maintenance does not matter:
- Finnish landrace;
- Edilbaevskaya and others
Calculation of livestock and area of a nightmare
To create the optimal variant of a nightmare for a convenient location of sheep is the goal of each sheep breeder. At the same time, it is necessary to observe microclimatic conditions and norms on the head of the animal.
So that the animal is not constrained in movement, it is worth taking care of the correct distribution of the size of the room in relation to the number of livestock. The area for each "age" is not the same.
For example, on one head:
- young growth - 0.7–1 m²;
- ewe - 2-3 m²;
- ram - 3 m².
Did you know? The average age of modern sheep is 8 years. Moreover, such a period is far from the limit, since cases of sheep’s life up to 20 years have been recorded.
Sheep diet and care
The diet for each gender and age group of sheep will be different. More details can be viewed in the table.
|Norm on a lamb||Norm on young growth||Norm for an adult|
|Hay - 0.5 kg||Hay - 1 kg||Hay - 1–1.5 kg|
|Vegetables and root crops - 0.5 kg||Vegetables and root crops - 0.5 kg||Vegetables and root crops - 1.5–2 kg|
|Lick salt - plenty||Lick salt - plenty||Lick salt - plenty|
|Compound feed - 0.5 kg||Compound feed - 0.2 kg||Compound feed - 0.5 kg|
Sheep farming is far from the easiest profession. With proper livestock maintenance, the benefits will be tremendous, because sheep produce milk, meat (lamb) and wool.