Spring treatment (spraying) of gooseberries from pests and diseases: methods, preparations, dates
Gooseberry is a tasty and healthy berry, a permanent resident of personal plots. He gained his popularity due to his unpretentiousness in care. But, like all living things, it requires additional help to please gardeners with a regular and plentiful harvest. Although gooseberries are not very demanding, there are still some features of care.
Gooseberry spring treatment
No matter how new and resistant to damage and disease the variety is, no one has a 100% guarantee. And the problem is not even in agricultural technology - from the whims of nature, plants require additional protection. In spring, all residents of the garden, including gooseberry bushes, need help. The main event, after pruning the bushes, is the preventive spraying of bushes.
Did you know? Bersenevskaya embankment in Moscow is named after gooseberries. After all, bersen is the old name for this berry.
Gooseberry care should be started in early spring, as his vegetation begins very early. The optimum air temperature should be + 4 ° C, when the snow has already melted and the weather has stabilized. After all the preventive work on cutting bushes and preparing the soil, plants need to be sprayed from diseases and pests.
For chemical treatment, it is necessary to prepare a sprayer, to apply contact thick mixtures you need a broom or brush. All instruments must be disinfected with alcohol, potassium permanganate or treated with boiling water.
Important! Chemical processing during flowering is prohibited.
Terms and frequency of processing
In early spring, at a temperature of + 5 ° C, the bushes are sprayed with chemicals, because biological products do not work at such low temperatures. After budding, it is necessary to treat with fungicides or Bordeaux fluid.
Before flowering and after it, the plants also need to be sprayed with a soap-soda solution or Bordeaux liquid. During the budding period, processing from caterpillars and aphids is carried out. To combat ticks, special drugs are used - acaricides. They need to be sprayed before the kidneys begin to swell.
Video: Protecting gooseberries from diseases and pests in the spring
Chemicals can not only help the summer resident, but also seriously harm. Therefore, it is necessary to observe safety measures when working with them:
- First you need to prepare special clothing - a bathrobe or overalls, a headscarf, rubber gloves on your hands and a respirator or medical mask on your face.
- Spraying should be carried out in the evening.
- Spray carefully so that the drug does not get on the skin, in the respiratory tract, eyes and mucous membranes.
- Remove children and animals from the site.
- It is necessary to prepare solutions in a ventilated room or on the street, in special clothing.
- Chemicals need to be bred in a separate bowl designed only for this purpose.
- It is forbidden to mix several drugs at the same time, even if they have the same principle of action.
- Before cooking, be sure to read the instructions and do not exceed the concentration of the drug.
- The amount of solution must be done for one use, solutions are not stored for a long time.
- With long-term treatment, you need to take a break and breathe fresh air.
- After finishing work, it is necessary to remove clothing and leave it on the street for ventilation.
- Wash hands and face with soap, but it is better to take a shower.
Did you know? The use of fresh gooseberries helps to neutralize the effects of radiation on humans.
Gooseberry treatment for diseases and pests
To protect plants from diseases, use the following drugs:
|A drug||Disease||Processing time|
|Topaz||powdery mildew, septoria, anthracnose, rust,||in spring or when signs of illness are detected|
|Fundazole||late blight, septoria, glass rust, mosaic, anthracnose, yellow rust||in spring and autumn, 1 time|
|Oksihom||late blight, anthracnose, spotting||first time in early spring, then another 2 times with an interval of 14 days|
|Fitosporin||late blight, powdery mildew, rust, spotting, septoria||at any stage of plant development|
|Nitrofen||leaf spot, powdery mildew||in early spring and autumn, after leaf fall|
|Bordeaux mixture||late blight, powdery mildew, mosaics, anthracnose, septoria||3 times in spring, 1 time in autumn|
|Blue vitriol||septoria, anthracnose, spotting, rust, powdery mildew||in the spring, during budding, in the fall after leaf fall|
|Topsin-M||spotting, powdery mildew, rust, anthracnose||in spring and autumn, 1 time|
|Debut||late blight, spotting||during the growing season or at the first sign of a disease|
There are many other chemicals for controlling gooseberry in the spring.
|A drug||Pests||Processing time|
|Aktara||aphid, sawfly, moth, glass||when detecting pests|
|Fitoverm||all pests including ticks||with pest damage 2 times with an interval of 7 days|
|Actellic||all pests including ticks||in case of defeat|
|Akarin||mites, moths, sawfly||1 time before flowering, 1 time after it|
|Spark bio||ticks, aphids, moth||Anytime|
|Entobacterin||aphid, sawfly, flint, glass||Anytime|
|Decis Profi||aphids, glass,||1 time for pests|
|Confidor||all pests except ticks||in the spring or with defeat|
This is not a complete list of existing products for protecting bushes from pests.
Fungicides - preparations for the treatment and prevention of plants from diseases of both viral and fungal origin. They are protective - they are used to avoid infection, and therapeutic - they are used to identify a disease. The most popular are “Copper sulfate” (not to be confused with iron) and “Bordeaux mixture”. These two drugs can be mixed. They are effective in controlling diseases and certain pests. “Copper sulfate” is also a good fertilizer for the soil.
Important! Chemical treatment can be carried out no later than a month before harvesting. Biological products — in 2 weeks.
Insecticides - chemicals to control harmful insects. Processing with such drugs kills not only the pest itself, but also its larvae. They are contact - the pest dies upon contact with the poison, and intestinal - the pest dies after eating poison.
Biological products developed based on living organisms. They are safe for humans and animals. Do not harm pollinating insects and the environment. They are successfully used for the treatment and prevention of both diseases and pests.
Many gardeners, to boast of an environmentally friendly crop, use folk recipes for processing plants. It is safe, harmless and simple. Many grow useful plants among shrubs that protect gooseberries. Folk methods are good in that they can be used both in summer and during flowering.
The easiest way to protect the bush from damage is water. In early spring, before the buds swell, it is necessary to pour boiling water over the bush. To do this, boil water, cool slightly (up to about 80 ° C) and pour on top of gooseberries from a watering can. It is also worth cultivating the land in a near-stem circle and covering it with roofing material or something similar.This will kill the larvae, spores and harmful microbes located under the bark of the plant and in the ground, near the roots. Such processing can be carried out in the fall, after leaf fall.
Soap and Ash
This method is considered good for controlling powdery mildew. Plants need to be processed before flowering, because It is during this period that the spores are carried by the wind. To prepare the infusion, you need to take:
- wood ash - 2 kg;
- water - 15 l;
- Laundry soap - 100 g
Cooking is simple:
- Pour ash into water, let it brew for a day.
- Grate the soap and dissolve in water with ash.
Carefully spray the bushes. Also, this infusion will help in the fight against aphids. If damage is detected, treat the bushes with this compound.
To combat fungal infections, kefir is used, because spores do not survive in an acidic environment. To do this, take 1 part of kefir and 8 parts of water and carefully spray the bush.
Folk methods are used from early spring to late autumn. The processing interval is 10-15 days.
For prophylaxis, ordinary baking soda is suitable. Plants treat it before flowering and after it. You need to take 50 g of soda, stir it in a glass of boiling water. Dilute the resulting composition in 10 liters of water. For better adhesion, add 10 g of liquid or household soap. This solution can be used to combat aphids.
To destroy the fire-bomb, this solution will come in handy. You need to take 100 g of mustard, pour it with 10 liters of water and let it brew for 48 hours. Then add another 10 liters of water and 50 g of soap. Processing is carried out after flowering.
Any disease is easier to prevent, so do not neglect preventive treatments - cutting bushes, getting rid of weeds, loosening the soil and mandatory spraying.