Gooseberry Northern captain: appearance and main characteristics of the variety
Both children and adults love the sweet berries of gooseberries, it’s only very difficult to pick the berry and not prick it with a sharp thorn of this shrub. But the North Captain variety is almost non-bearing. There are thorns, but very small, and only from below, so you can safely harvest without fear of injuring your hands. This variety is considered technical, but due to its high sugar content, it is in no way inferior to dessert varieties. Therefore, its large dark fruits are unlikely to leave anyone indifferent.
Selection historyLeavesForm iWeight up to 4 g Taste Sweet and sour, refreshing Yield Up to 4 kg from a bush Ripening periods Medium-late Winter resistance High Resistance to diseases and pests High
Variety description Northern captain
This gooseberry variety is used for making jam, jam, wine, juice, compotes. But, of course, it is most useful to use its fresh berries, because they have a lot of micro and macro elements, vitamins and other substances necessary for health.
Gooseberry Northern captain - a perennial tall shrub with a large number of branches that grow obliquely in different directions, forming a spreading crown. Young shoots are bright green, not pubescent, non-studless. Rough branches of gray color, at the base there are thorns, but they are small and very thin.
Did you know? In terms of ascorbic acid, gooseberries are second only to blackcurrant.
The leaves are bright green three-lobed, red on the edge, smooth. The flowers are medium sized, oval, sepals are green with red stripes at the edges. On a brush three flowers are located.
If there was a Nobel Prize in selection, it would no doubt have been awarded to the doctor of agricultural sciences, Professor Irina Vasilievna Popova. It is thanks to her that now there are many varieties of gooseberries that are different in taste, composition and ripening time. This hardworking woman, keen on her favorite job, working in very difficult conditions, when she had to literally save young seedlings from the weather and irresponsibility of workers, was able to develop and preserve varieties, among which was the Northern captain.
This variety was created at VSTISP when crossing the Pink-2 variety and form No. 310-24 in the early 2000s. And already in 2007, his description was entered into the State Register of selection achievements, which are allowed for cultivation in the North-West region.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
The ripening time of the gooseberry berries is mid-late Captain, young shoots bend in the form of arches under the weight of the fruit. The berries are round-oval, ranging in color from dark red to burgundy and almost black with light veins, the weight can reach 4 g. The pulp is sweet, juicy, with a slight acidity, due to which this variety is considered technical. The peel is thick with a wax coating. The seeds are small.
Did you know? Yoshta is now a popular berry, which appeared as a result of crossing blackcurrants and gooseberries.
This gooseberry variety is good because, despite a dry summer or a cold winter, it bears fruit equally well. From the bush you can collect up to 4 kg of berries, especially if it is properly looked after. Berries are firmly attached to the branches, so you can not be afraid of their premature fall.
The variety is self-fertile, therefore, does not need to be adjacent to other gooseberry varieties. But still, if several bushes are planted nearby, the yield will increase slightly. With good care, this plant can bear fruit every year for at least 20 years, and even if left without care, it will still yield a crop of 1-2 kg.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The main advantages of the Northern captain:
- This plant is quite resistant to winter temperature drops of -30 ° C.
- It is practically not affected by diseases of shrubs, and most pests are indifferent to it (among them are fire flakes and sawflies).
- Saplings of this variety are perfectly rooted in all types of vegetative propagation.
- Berries with a useful composition are indispensable for many diseases, as well as to maintain the body in good shape.
- The variety is distinguished by good keeping quality of the fruit.
- Berries are firmly attached to the branches, which prevents them from shedding.
- The northern captain bears fruit well, even if he does not receive proper care.
- The variety is very drought tolerant, so the lack of frequent watering does not greatly affect its yield.
- And the most important thing is that there are practically no thorns on the shoots of the Northern captain, which children will especially like.
- There are, of course, disadvantages, but they are very minor:
- The crown of the bush is very thickened due to the appearance of many young shoots.
- The pulp of the fruit is not very sweet, so they are not considered dessert. Although this property is not for everyone, many adults and children love sour berries.
It is not difficult to grow gooseberries, as it practically does not need care and can survive in the wild, almost without losing its yield. But if you want to regularly receive a good crop of excellent quality, you still need to know some features of the variety.
Video: Gooseberry Northern Captain
So that the bush can bear fruit for at least 20 years in a row, you need to take into account its features and choose a place for planting with the following characteristics:
- good illumination;
- protection from the north wind;
- neutral acidity of the soil;
- lack of waterlogging and groundwater close to the surface;
- increased soil nutrition and friability;
- the distance from other shrubs, trees and the fence is at least 1.5–2 m.
Planting and care, pollination
Gooseberry Northern captain is better to fall. You can, of course, in the spring, but you need to have time before the formation of buds, otherwise the bush will not take root. When planting in the fall, the main thing is to have time at least a month before the frost, so that roots form before winter.
Before landing, you must prepare the site: weed, dig up. If the soil is too heavy, you can add sand, peat, compost to it. If it is too acidic, it is necessary to add lime or dolomite flour to it.
It is better to take seedlings for planting two-year-olds, with lignified roots. Shoots must be strong and healthy. If the roots have dried during transport, put them into the water overnight.
For planting, dig a hole 50 cm deep, and the same in diameter. Half fill it with a mixture of earth and compost or humus in equal proportions. Add superphosphate and potassium phosphate, as well as a glass of wood ash.
Important! When planting gooseberries, the root neck should go into the ground at 7-8 cm, no more.
Next, you need to carefully position the root in the pit and, adding the rest of the soil, trample it, being careful not to damage the root. Then very well pour the hole in which the bush is placed. When the water is absorbed, you can mulch the place around the bush.
After planting, all shoots must be cut off, leaving 5 buds on each.
After planting, all shoots must be cut off, leaving 5 buds on each. Gooseberry Northern captain is self-fertile, so he can give a good harvest, even when growing on the site alone. But if several varieties are planted nearby, this, although not significantly, will improve productivity.
To maintain the bushes in good condition, do not forget to regularly weed them, loosen the soil after rains and thin out the crown. This variety loves moist soil, but does not tolerate waterlogging, so it does not need additional watering on a rainy summer.
It is advisable to feed bushes for good yield:
- in early spring make nitrogen fertilizers;
- before flowering - a solution of humus or chicken droppings;
- after picking fruit - potash and phosphorus fertilizers.
Pest and Disease Control
Gooseberry variety Northern captain differs in resistance to diseases of bushes. And pests do not pay attention to it. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the variety is quite young.
Important! In autumn, after leaf fall, it is imperative to remove fallen leaves, mulch, and pruned branches from under the bushes so that larvae and garden pests do not winter in them.
At the beginning of the last century, gooseberry shrubs suffered an epidemic of powdery mildew, and many varieties were irrevocably destroyed, so the Northern captain, like many other varieties, tried to create a specially resistant to this disease.But nevertheless, despite the stability of this variety, preventive measures must be taken.
Timely weeding, pruning of shoots and maintaining optimal humidity - these measures are quite enough to protect the plant from diseases.
Trimming and shaping a bush
The captain’s bush is completely cut off when planting, leaving only a small base of shoots. Then every autumn it is necessary to cut off all the young shoots, leaving 5-6 of the strongest. And at that time, old branches that are more than 6 years old are cut out. All remaining shoots need to be slightly trimmed from above.
Do not forget to remove all dried, damaged and growing inward branches. After all, even resistance to fungal diseases will not help the plant. If the bush is heavily overgrown, excess moisture may accumulate under it - ideal conditions for the appearance of the fungus.
The Northern captain endures winter stably, no need to cover him. You can just lightly soil. The root system of this plant is able to withstand loss of temperature drop to –30 ° С without loss. The tops of the shoots are slightly frostbitten, but with the advent of spring come to life.
Harvesting and transportation
Harvesting is better in dry sunny weather, when most of the berries have ripened: they will be dark, poured with juice and with very expressive veins. Thanks to the thick skin, gooseberries can be well stored and transported.
Picking berries is better with roots, so as not to damage them. They can be kept fresh for up to 10 days in the refrigerator, 2 months sprinkled with sugar, six months in the freezer and a year in the dried form. It is with these storage options that the largest amount of vitamins is stored. Gooseberries can be transported over short distances using plastic containers.
Also, gooseberries cook delicious jams, jams, compotes.
Gooseberry variety Northern captain is one of the most popular garden shrubs, due to its unpretentiousness in care, resistance to diseases and pests. And it is very tasty, although it is considered technical. This plant will definitely become an ornament of any garden and will give a stable harvest with minimal care.