What are the fruits of blackcurrant
Blackcurrant is one of the most popular and best-selling berries. Its fruits and leaves are actively consumed in the summer, and just like that, and to improve health. It has a rich composition and pleasant taste. In this article we will tell directly about the fruits of black currant, its properties and rules of use.
Where is it located, what does blackcurrant fruit look like and what is it called
The deciduous shrub of currant can have a height of 1-2 m. When the shoots are young, their surface is fluffy. Adult branches darken and turn brown. The leaves grow in length and width from 3 to 12 cm, have jagged edges and golden glands along the veins.
Inflorescences of this culture are as follows:
- Drooping brushes. Grow from 3 to 8 cm.
- Flowering, with bare or pubescent pedicels. Length - 5-10 cm.
- With bracts. Length - 1-2 mm.
Did you know? 1000 pieces of blackcurrant seeds weigh from 0.9 to 1.8 g.
The form of inflorescences is either oval or linear-lanceolate. Flowers grow up to 7–8 cm long and 4–6 mm wide. Black currants (lat. Ríbes nígrum) belong to the gooseberry family.
The fruit of this culture is an edible fragrant berry. As a rule, it reaches a diameter of 1 cm. The color is black, black-brown, sometimes with a greenish tint. Because of the color, the plant got its name. The peel is glossy, inside the berry you can find a different number of seeds - from 3 to about 40.
The currant bush blooms in May-June, and yields a crop in July-August. This plant is cultivated in almost all of Europe, starting from the forest zone of the European part of Russia and ending with China and northern Mongolia, as well as on other continents.
Important! Currant loves sunny areas. It can grow in partial shade, but then it bears less fruit, and the taste of the fruit may deteriorate.
For growing currant bushes, it is better to choose areas with loose moist loam. Avoid soil with high acidity - this can stop the growth of shrubs.
Nutritional value of fruits
Currants have long been known for their taste and are often used by housewives to make compotes, preserves, etc.This popularity of the berry appeared for a reason: it is low-calorie, has a pleasant taste, and is therefore suitable for those who follow the figure. Also, these fruits have a number of useful properties due to the high content of vitamins and important chemical elements.
Calories, Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates (BBU)
The nutritional value of 100 g of fresh berries is 63 kcal 264 kJ.
- water - 81.96 g;
- proteins - 1.4 g;
- fat - 0.41 g;
- carbohydrates - 15.4 g.
Energy ratio BZHU: 9% / 8% / 66%.
Vitamins and Nutrients
There is a lot of vitamin C in currant berries. Only 100 g of the product contains 200 mg of this substance. Also in the fruits there is B-carotene, which is very useful for the nervous system, and vitamin B1. In slightly smaller doses, the composition contains vitamins B2 and B9, which are involved in the absorption of iron and the growth of new cells. Currants will be liked by those who want to look young for a long time, because it contains vitamin E.
Did you know? To get 1 kg of blackcurrant, you need to collect about 3300 berries.
The leaves of the plant contain minerals:
The leaves also have vitamin C, and its amount is higher than in berries. That is why currant leaves are actively used in cooking - in the preparation of canned food, marinades, etc.
The benefits and harms of the fruit
Due to the high content of B and C vitamins, these berries are used for vitamin deficiencies and intestinal diseases. Fruits improve appetite, are useful for gastritis. Moreover, fresh currants, as well as decoctions, and jam from it are suitable for this.
It is also advised to introduce them into the diet for those people who suffer from anemia, diseases of the cardiovascular and genitourinary system.
Decoctions of currant fruits are a good diuretic, able to normalize blood pressure and minimize the effect of radiation on the body. It is also recommended to use blackcurrant for those who have impaired lymph nodes and blood vessels.
Like any other product, this berry must be able to use correctly. Then it will bring maximum benefits and will be able to cope with the task set before it, influencing the system in the body that needs to fill the lack of nutrients.
In addition to berries, in the treatment and prevention of diseases, tinctures from leaves or branches of currant are used. They have a diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory and colds effect. Tinctures will be especially effective for coughing, bronchitis and whooping cough, for metabolic disorders or bleeding.
Decoctions of leaves cope well with insomnia, headaches and ailments of a neurotic nature.
Also, decoctions are used for:
- eye diseases;
- exudative diathesis;
Important! To strengthen the immune system and overall tone, it is recommended to drink tea not only from fruits, but also from currant leaves. They have a lot of vitamin C, tannins and essential oils.
Juice from currant berries will be useful for angina. It can be both drunk and gargled. It has an analgesic and antiseptic effect, accelerating the healing process. However, do not abuse currants.
An adult can eat up to 0.5 kg of fruit per day, and children up to 200 g. It is better to divide this portion into several receptions. Currants are also contraindicated in hepatitis, high acidity of the stomach, gastritis and thrombophlebitis.
So, knowing the properties of blackcurrant and its effect on the body, you can introduce these berries into your diet with maximum health benefits. The main thing is to determine your daily intake and not exceed the recommended dose. Then these delicious aromatic fruits will give you a pleasant taste and good health.