How to tie currants
Black and red currants are grown in many large and small suburban areas, and one of the most important stages of caring for a fruit crop is the correct garter of the plants. This procedure must be performed regularly, because it provides timely ripening of the crop and prevents problems when growing bushes. More information about why the garter is so important for currants, the pros and cons of this procedure, as well as the main methods of its implementation are listed later in the article.
Why tie currants
After about 3-4 years, the young seedling reaches the size of an adult bush, consisting of 20-25 shoots. At the same time, some side branches begin to slope to the surface of the earth under the weight of the foliage and the crop, so they need to be raised by tying the plant to a support.
Did you know? The Russian word "currant" came from the consonant word "stench", meaning a strong smell. The berries were named so because they contain a lot of essential oils and have a persistent aroma.
The main reasons why gartering is recommended are listed below:
- branches that have grown in all directions take up a lot of space on the bed, leading to increased thickening of the plantings;
- berries located on shoots inclined to the ground get dirty and rot when they come in contact with the ground;
- as a result of the contact of the branches with the soil, diseases or pests can appear that damage the crop;
- fruits located near the ground receive little sunlight, therefore they ripen slowly and become acidic in taste;
- shoots growing at a strong slope to the soil surface make it difficult to water the currant bush, fertilize and remove weeds;
- in winter, branches tilted to the ground can break due to gusts of cold wind or under the weight of snow.
Pros and Cons of Strengthening Bushes
Tying currants to a support requires time for the gardener, but gives a number of important advantages.
- The main advantages of performing this procedure are listed below:
- berries do not come in contact with the ground, remaining clean, supple and beautiful;
- improved access of sunlight to fruits located on the lower branches, which has a beneficial effect on the quality of the crop and its ripening period;
- thickened plantings are eliminated;
- the bush takes on a compact form;
- the risk of diseases and pests is reduced;
- easier plant care and harvesting;
- branches do not break from wind or snow;
- for a tied plant, it is convenient to organize shelter for the winter.
The only drawbacks of the garter is that to install the support, the gardener needs to spend his time and energy, and the fixed branches of the plant may look less beautiful.
When the currants are tied
Typically, the currant bush begins to be tied up 3-4 years after planting, i.e. at that time it grows wide and tall shoots begin to bend to the ground.
Important! You need to tie the currant bush in spring, at the end of April, or in autumn - in the second half of September, when the branches of the plant are flexible.
Be sure to tie the currant in such cases:
- side branches leaned too far toward the ground;
- a large number of berries formed on the plant;
- currants need winter shelter;
- In the growing region, strong winds are observed in the autumn-winter period.
What materials and fixtures use
Many gardeners when tying currant branches to a vertical support use improvised means. But in specialized stores you can find other devices that can reliably fix the shoots of the plant without harming it.These types of fasteners are more convenient and reduce the amount of time required for a garter.
Clothespins and clips for fastening
For fastening the currant shoot to the support, special clothespins and clips are used. In appearance and design, they resemble ordinary clothespins for drying clothes and greatly simplify the procedure for gartering the bush.
The main features of this type of fasteners are presented below:
- the clip opens easily when you click on its upper part;
- with careful handling, this fastener can be used repeatedly and serve the gardener for many years;
- clothespins can be made of plastic or wood;
- with the help of a clip, you can bind currants only to a support consisting of thin cords and wire;
- the mount has fixed dimensions, so it is not suitable for gartering too thick shoots.
Some gardeners use special garden straps to tie currants. They are rubber or plastic strips with a serrated side surface and a special lock located at one end of the strap.
Did you know? Natural dye is made from the juice of blackcurrant berries, which is used in the food industry.
The main features of this type of mount:
- straps can be reused;
- with the help of such fasteners, an shoot of any diameter can be fixed on the support;
- straps allow you to tie the plant to a support of any size;
- a special latch reliably holds the branch in position and does not untie.
Do-it-yourself ways to strengthen currant bushes with your own hands and garter height
There are several basic ways to tie currant bushes to a vertical support. There are some differences between them, t. Each method of strengthening has its own characteristics. But such a variety of plant tying methods allows each gardener to choose the most convenient method for himself.
Any support should have a height equal to half the height of the bush, so that after the garter, the branches of the plant are held in an upright position, and their edges did not bend to the ground. How best to fix the currant branches on a support is described further in the article.
Installation of supports and garter on trellises
The most common type of supports used for garter currants are trellises. This method is suitable for fixing shoots of bushes planted in rows, and also allows you to increase the height of the support as the plants grow.
Step-by-step instructions for garter bush to trellis:
- Drive vertical supports perpendicular to the ground - metal pipes or wooden pegs up to 1.5–2 m high can be used.
- Tighten the first row of thin rope, fishing line or wire between the lower parts of the supports. It must be placed at a distance of about 15–20 cm from the ground, parallel to its surface.
- So that the horizontal threads do not slip down, wrap them around the vertical supports located along a row of plants, forming a loop. Fix the edges of the fishing line or rope to the extreme supports using the knot.
- Make in this way several rows located along the entire height of the support.
- Carefully raise currant branches bent to the ground and tie them to the horizontal rows of fishing line or rope in the form of a fan.
Two types of lanes in currant stands: 1 - vertical flat with garter branches; 2 - flat loose narrowband (without garter branches)
On a single frame
This method of garter currants looks like a fence of the plant and is used in the case when the bushes are planted separately, at a certain distance from each other. At the same time, for each plant, a separate frame is installed, which is usually made of wooden battens.
Important! For compact bushes, you can use 3 vertical supports, placing them around the plant in the form of a triangle.
Algorithm for garter currants to a single frame:
- Prepare 4 wooden columns of the required length. Drive them on four sides of the plant to a depth of 20-30 cm perpendicular to the surface of the earth so that a square appears around the bush.
- Raise up the branches of the plant, which are tilted to the ground. Tie the shoots in a circle with a rope to give the crown a spindle shape.
- Between the tops of each pair of vertical stakes, strengthen one wooden lath, placing them parallel to the soil surface.
- Horizontal slats should be at the same height and form a single square plane.
- Release the branches from the tightening rope. Spread the shoots so that they are evenly spaced along a square horizontal frame.
Many gardeners use pipes made of PVC as a support for the currant bush. Compared to wooden stakes, they have a more aesthetic appearance, and on their surface you can easily make holes for a rope tied to a bush.
Did you know? In the XI century. Currants were grown only in monasteries, using it for food and medicinal purposes, and on the house plots the plant began to be cultivated only in the 16th century.
Step-by-step instructions for garter currants to the support of PVC pipes:
- Cut the same sized pipe pieces up to 1–1.5 m long.
- Make small through holes in the walls of each pipe along the entire height. The extreme of them should be at a distance of about 10-15 cm from the apex, and about 30 cm should be left between adjacent holes on each pipe.
- Dig pipe pieces into the ground around the bush to a depth of 20-30 cm, placing them in a circle. All holes should be located on top.
- Raise the lowered branches of the plant and temporarily pull all the shoots of currant into a bunch so that it is convenient to complete the installation of the support.
- Pass through the holes made in the pipes several rows of dense rope, pulling it parallel to the surface of the earth.
- Release the bush from the tightening harness, evenly spreading branches along the perimeter of the support.
Nuances of a garter for winter shelter
In regions with cold winters, currant bushes need to be covered before the onset of frost, and one of the stages of preparing a plant for wintering is the correct garter of its branches. The purpose of this procedure is to prevent mechanical damage to the bush under gusts of wind and the weight of the snow cover, as well as the maximum warming of the plant.
Important! Remove dense shelter from the currant bushes in the spring after the snow melts, so that the branches of the plant do not soprel.
The currant garter algorithm for winter shelter is as follows:
- Prepare 3-4 pieces of a metal pipe 1.5 m high.
- Collect all the shoots of currant in one big bunch. Wrap it with a rope in a spiral, moving from bottom to top. Fix the end of the rope to the top of the bush using clothespins or a special clamp.
- Install pipes around the bush at an equal distance from each other. It is recommended to dig them into the ground obliquely, to a depth of about 30 cm - so that the second edge of the bar is in contact with the top of the bush.
- Pull a layer of covering material on the metal frame lined around the bush. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that there are no cracks and holes in the shelter for the passage of cold air.
- Fix the shelter on the frame with a rope so that it does not slip under the influence of wind and snow.
The main mistakes gardeners when tying currants
Refusal of the plant's garter is a bad choice, since its absence leads to a strong thickening of the crown, and the berries located on the lower branches rot from contact with the ground, not even having time to ripen.
However inexperienced gardeners can make serious mistakes when tying currant bushes. This can lead to the fact that the plant will not be able to develop normally.In the future, the risk of the appearance of diseases and pests increases, and crop productivity is also significantly reduced.
The most common mistakes made when gartering a bush:
- too tight attachment of shoots to the support - squeezes a branch of the bush and disrupts the movement of the juice along the stem, as a result of which the plant begins to dry out. Between the support and the shoot you should always leave a little free space;
- collection of all plant branches in one big bunchtied with a rope in the form of a spindle, carried out in spring or summer - while the berries growing on the extreme branches receive enough sunlight and ripen in time, but the air circulation inside the bush is disturbed and the risk of diseases and pests is increased;
- wrong choice of fasteners - Do not use fishing line, wire or fabric strips, because they can injure the branches of currant;
- use of poor-quality materials for supports - too fragile plastic or thin wood can quickly break under the weight of branches or gusts of wind;
- single garter plants - as the shoots of currant grow, they need to be tied up at a new height, removing the old fasteners.
Garter currants is a painstaking and time-consuming process. But with the help of the recommendations listed in this article, you can perform this procedure correctly, preserving the crop in full and preventing the appearance of pests and infections.